Akana timeline

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Western sphere
  • Coastal corridor
  • Lukpanic coast
  • Western steppe
  • Wañelin
Xšali sphere
  • Tjakori
  • Xšalad
Peninsular sphere
  • Mrisaŋfa
Edastean sphere
  • Eiwəl Gourun
  • Rathedān
  • Lasomo
  • Kasca
  • Huyfárah
Isles/Siixtaguna sphere
  • Isthmus
  • Siixtaguna
  • Lotoka/Affalinnei
  • Sumarušuxi
  • Ttiruku Arc
Tuysáfa
  • Western Tuysáfa
  • Central Tuysáfa
  • Eastern Tuysáfa
See also

Before -4000

  • c. -8000–-7500: Second wave of migration to Tuysáfa: Arrival of the Mediundic peoples.
  • c. -7000: Domestication of the dog; development of pottery.
  • c. -7000–-6000: Mediundic peoples reach the eastern end of Tuysáfa.
  • c. -4300: Earliest copper artifacts (found near Buruya).
  • c. -4000: Canoe Culture reaches Sumarušuxi.
  • c. -4000: Domestication of cattle in the Bwimbai valley.

-4000 – -3000

  • c. -3800: Invention of bronze by the Ngauro.
  • c. -3500–-3000: Ultimundic peoples (presumably descended from the Canoe Culture) reach Tuysáfa.
  • c. -3200: Domestication of the horse by Western peoples.

-3000 – -2000

  • c. -3000: Western peoples spread northwards into the steppe.
  • c. -3000–-2500: Tuysáfa Fishing Culture.
  • c. -2800: Domestication of the goat in Isthmus territory.
  • c. -2500: Foundation of the Old Kingdom in the Yima valley (Xšalad).
  • c. -2400: Ngauro control the Aiwa valley as far as the Bwimbai, ruling over the southern Talo-Edasteans (pre-Ndak).
  • c. -2300: Ngauro rule declines. Ndak kingdom of Latsomo established; several Ndak-Ngauro wars follow.
  • c. -2200: Ndak conquer Kasadgad; Ndak Ta begins to replace Ngauro as the dominant spoken language of the Aiwa delta.
  • c. -2200: Gezoro develop iron metallurgy.
  • c. -2200–-2000: Ndak conquered once by northern hill tribes, twice by western nomads.
  • c. -2100: Xšali invade the Yima valley and destroy the Old Kingdom.

-2000 – -1000

  • c. -2000: Ndak expel foreign rulers; Akan dynasty rises in Kasadgad.
  • -1942–-1915: Reign of Terakan—strong expansion of Ndak.
  • -1915–-1889: Reign of Tsinakan—height of ancient Kasadgad and fullest extent of the Ndak Empire.
  • c. -1800: Small "walled town" city-states develop on the Doroh-Lotoka coast, partly due to trade contacts with the Ndak.
  • c. -1700: Hitatc invasion of the Aiwa valley above Latsomo. Antagg are at their height.
  • c. -1600–-1500: Isles speakers begin migrating from Tuysáfa to islands.
  • c. -1600: Antagg state has disintegrated.
  • c. -1400: The Feråjin push east at the same time, displacing the Doroh from the Čisse area.
  • c. -1400: Hitatc have expanded downriver into Latsomo, and upriver into the Eiwəl Gourun.
  • c. -1350–-1200: Doroh destroy most of the "walled town" city-states.
  • -1310: Faraghin break into multiple baronies.
  • c. -1300: 1st Xšali Empire breaks down; the "Period of Warring Kingdoms" follows.
  • c. -1300–-1000: Height of the Lukpanic city-states.
  • -1258: Temporary Ndak reconquest of lower Aiwa and Oltu valleys.
  • c. -1230: Ndak stop maintaining their canal; it gradually fills with silt and becomes just another shallow river channel.
  • -1202: Major hurricane destroys coastal Kasadgad cities, sending it into permanent decline.
  • c. -1200: The native inhabitants of the High Gourun, the Habeo, have invented the stirrup, and have unified into a small nomad empire.
  • -1170: Faraghin regain control of the Oltu.
  • c. -1100–-900: The Meshi, now with stirrups and saddles, and probably better horses than the Habeo, are ejected by the Habeo and travel east. They come to dominate the entire Aiwa valley.

-1000 – 0 YP

  • c. -1000: The Peninsular-speaking ancestors of the Lotoka people cross the Bay of Kasca by boat, settling on the Lotoka peninsula.
  • c. -900: Two Mohudza empires established— one, of settled Mohudza, on the Bwimbai, and one, of nomadised Mohudza, in the west.
  • c. -800: Truce of Deunagho between Faraghin barons enables burgeoning trade and settlement.
  • -771: Coastal Westerners conquer Kpitamoa.
  • c. -650: Wars with Sertek end the Truce of Deunagho; many Fáralo settle away from the fighting as far as Kasca and Oltumosou.
  • -589: Isi is the last major Lukpanic city to fall into the hands of the Coastal Westerners, being conquered by the warlord Ùgabadá.
  • -520: Barons of Ussor conquer Miədu.
  • c. -500: Damak speakers throw off nomad-Mohudza shackles. Conflict with settled Mohudza to the east exhausts both peoples.
  • -480: Ussor invades Kasca, and quickly conquers the delta till Påwe and Momuva'e push it back; decades of war follow, ending with Ussor controlling half the delta with nominal control over the rest. Ultimately Laspera is destroyed and Momuva'e collapses into anarchy, while Påwe recovers, and Miədu drifts in and out of Fáralo control.
  • -435–-420: Height of the Anheshnalåks under Habvanðïhañ, who manages to bring large parts of Xšalad under his control. However, the Anheshnalåk empire falls apart shortly after his death due to ineffectual rule and a revolt by the Xšali.
  • c. -400: Last great nomadic empire of the dark ages, as the Habeo unite and conquer the Hitatc and Ndok of the middle Aiwa and the Mohudza; but their empire quickly breaks down into fluctuating alliances.
  • c. -250: The large but short-lived Tjakori Empire controls most of the Xšalad plain.
  • -185: Huyfárah occupies the Dagæm islands, beginning its imperial period.
  • -167: Huyfárah in control of Oltumosou; begins pacifying the inland Feråjin.
  • -142: Čisse founded in order to protect Huyfárah's eastern border against the Doroh.
  • -133: Miədu, seeing which way the wind is blowing, voluntarily joins to Huyfárah.
  • -112: Påwe conquers Momuva'e, leading to war with Huyfárah.
  • -109: Huyfárah conquers Momuva'e (though it does not hold it for long) and occupies most of the Kascan delta.

0 – 1000 YP (1st millennium)

1st century

2nd century

  • c. 100: Dāiadak cities expand toward the Ēza valley; missionaries carry Zārakātias' teachings to nearby regions.
  • c. 140—: Renewed conflicts and battles between Thāras and Athalē.
  • c. 170–180: Semōn the Elder, general and statesman, rises to power in Athalē.
  • 183: Thāras is conquered by Athalē, and the royal family is taken to Athalē as hostage; the rise of the Empire of Athalē begins.
  • 196: Khalanu is conquered by Athalē; all Rathedān is united under Athalēran rule.

3rd century

  • c. 200—: Expansion of Athalē into the upper Ēza and Milīr valleys.
  • c. 228: Aiathi becomes the most powerful member of the Athalēran khiara.
  • 229–231: Itatizan War: the Empire of Athalē absorbs the lower Milīr.
  • 230: Ascension of Etou I; under his rule Huyfárah expands west to the borders of Lasomo.
  • 234: Aiathi of Athalē dies; his son Phanal assumes his position of power. Conflict with Ndok kingdoms.
  • 237: A treaty is concluded between Athalē and Ngahêxôldod, fixing the borders in southern Lasomo.
  • 248: Etou I of Huyfárah dies; ascension of Etou II.
  • 253: Tēmekas I dies; his son Mikha succeeds as monarch.
  • 254: Taizeu-ibauxeu II dies; his son Roit-neheu succeeds in Ngahêxôldod.
  • 255: Failed Fáralo invasion of Lasomo: Supply lines of the emperor Etou II are cut by Athalēran military at the request of Roit-neheu.
  • 256: Roit-neheu is assassinated; Taizeu-mabarô takes power in Ngahêxôldod. Lasomo weakened, Athalē expands its influence.
  • 257: Uremas I, son of Phanal, assassinates Mikha, and replaces him as monarch of Athalē (after restoring the zāthar); the threat of civil war forces Uremas I to marry Naiōla, sister of Mikha.
  • 260: Taizeu-mabarô dies, probably assassinated; Gexoitsoi-ibauxeu seizes power in Ngahêxôldod.
  • 274: Tēmekas II, son of Uremas I, becomes monarch of Athalē; he uses Huyfárah as a model for imperial reform, and is the first Athalēran ruler to use the title Emperor (seathiauk). Gexoitsoi-ibauxeu, king of Ngahêxôldod, revolts against Athalēran domination.
  • 275: Tēmekas II of Athalē invades Lasomo.
  • 278: Gexoitsoi-ibauxeu of Ngahêxôldod dies in captivity in Athalē.
  • 279: Oigop'oibauxeu wards off Athalēran campaigns; northern Lasomo united under the rule of Oigop'oibauxeu.
  • 294: Etou II dies; civil war in Huyfárah.
  • 295: Gadein I emerges victorious and becomes emperor of Huyfárah.

4th century

  • 310: Tēmekas III succeeds Tēmekas II, but soon dies of the plague; his brother Uremas II becomes the next emperor of Athalē.
  • 318–319: military campaign of Etou III of Huyfárah against the Talo and Puoni.
  • 319: Exodus of the Puoni from Huyfárah.
  • 325: Uremas II of Athalē abdicates; Texozonon I becomes emperor.
  • 326: Etou III of Huyfárah dies; ascension of Gadein II.
  • 328: Various Kascan towns become vassal states of Huyfárah by treaty.
  • 336: Texozonon I of Athalē dies. Hekhes rules as regent until 342.
  • c. 350: Athalē absorbs the upper Milīr and the Xōron Eiel.
  • 351: Huyfárah acquires Buruya.
  • 363: Huyfárah absorbs more of Kasca, including (de jure anyway) Momuva'e.
  • 375: Baodan I dies.
  • 389: Athalē conquers the upper Tjakori, reaching its maximum extent; Texozonon II dies soon after. The throne passes to the House of Rikhus by marriage of Aloze, niece of Texozonon II, to Zāiekātus of Rikhus. The golden age of Athalē begins.

5th century

  • 405–443: Declining stability in Huyfárah: Several natural disasters hit; barbarian raids; power shifts toward Sertek as emperors relocate there (but the official capital, and the Senate, remains in Ussor).
  • 414: Imperial Adāta is declared the official language of the empire by Khepōnon I. Ndok Aisô is replaced by Adāta as the spoken language of southern Lasomo.
  • 444–453: War between Huyfárah and Athalē, resulting in Fáralo control over Lasomo.
  • 453–489: Fáralo recovery; Lasomo is organized as a client state of Huyfárah.
  • 489–546: The peak of Athalēran power, and the beginning of Huyfárah's slow decline. Lasomo is lost again and the southern half ceded back to Athalē; the treaty states that northern half will remain independent as long as it is not dominated by Huyfárah in any way. Athalē expands along the Eigə at the expense of Huyfárah. The emperor is removed by the Senate for having lost the war, but returns two years later after his replacement is assassinated. A sense of unease and moral decay. More assassinations. Buruya is lost. The natives of Fmana-hŋ-Talam push back the Fáralo to the northern end of the island.

6th century

  • 547–584: Civil war in Huyfárah, among three principal factions. In the aftermath, the Malei Dynasty is deposed. The empire shrinks further and loses the coast from Mæmedéi south, which reorganizes as a federation of city-states under the name of Lewsfárah, run by religious and political reformists (calling themselves the Kəgeiru, or "Cynics/Atheists").
  • 579–584: Lewsfárah stops fighting Huyfárah, but it is mired in revolutionary chaos.

7th century

  • 600's: Takuña pirates establish small footholds in areas of ineffectual rule within the disintegrating empire of Huyfárah.

8th century

  • 786: The end of Huyfárah comes when its capital, Ussor, is sacked by a faction of the Doroh.
  • late 700's: Lewsfárah is dissolved, and splits into its constituent city-states. Mɨdu and Azbǽbu vie for naval dominance.
  • 786-800's: Isthmus chieftains rule over the Oltu Valley. Gradually they are linguistically absorbed by Fáralo speakers.

9th century

  • mid-800's: Fáralo landowners depose the Doroh rulers, and proclaim a kingdom of Woldulaš ("inheritance-land") on the Oltu.

10th century


1000 – 2000 YP (2nd millennium)

11th century

  • c. 1000: The Empire of Athalē becomes defunct, and fragments into several successor states.
  • c. 1030: Major flood creates new channel through delta in desolate Wï'makwå region.

12th century

  • c. 1140: Emerging town of Wï'makwå turns channel into a stable, navigable canal.

13th century

  • c. 1250: Wï'makwå takes over Ñolo and Momuva'e, ending three wars with Ñolo.
  • 1289: Printing press invented, probably in Rathedān.