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Period c. -1400 YP
Spoken in Oltu valley
Total speakers unknown
Writing system none
Classification Eigə-Isthmus
  Western Isthmus
Basic word order unknown
Morphology fusional
Alignment NOM-ACC
Created by Zompist

Faraghin is a language of the Ferogh branch of the Eigə-Isthmus family. It was spoken in the late 2nd millennium BP in the Western Isthmus area that was later to become the northern half of Huyfárah. Faraghin was a major influence in the development of that nation's language, Fáralo.



labial alveolar postalv. velar
plosive   p · b     t · d     k · g  
  affricate ʧ
fricative f s ʃ x · ɣ
nasal m n
lateral l
trill r


  front     central     back  
    high i
mid e o
low a
  • Faraghin also has two phonemic diphthongs: eu oi
  • The consonants /ʧ ʃ x ɣ/ are transcribed as č š kh gh.
  • Stress is initial.
  • u is an allophone of o before nasals and labials, and after the second syllable of a word.


   NOM       ACC       GEN       DAT   
1sg da dois reum rad
1pl goč gočes ghočum rad
2sg čin čines sum rač
2pl fa fois feum rač
3sg-anim ni nes num ran
3sg-inan meš mes mešum mešum
3pl lor lores lum lum
int/rel-anim koi kois khoim khoim
int/rel-inan boi bois boim boim

Derivational morphology

  • fis- negative
  • -a plural
  • -in adjectivization
  • -s quality
  • -od past participle (-ud after 2nd syllable)
  • -(a)č nominalization
  • -šes possessor, user
  • -čan do repeatedly
  • -ne place
  • -ač nominalization (similar to -tion)
  • -oin causative


Faraghin Gloss Etymology
badeu father
balan iron
balanin hard (like iron), indomitable
bar master
barbadeu uncle, father's older brother
bargars captain
barloi fifth day of the week NT baulai "earth"
barmašt steward, controller "master of the house"
baroin appoint, bestow "make a master"
barsifa admiral "master of seas"
bartat judge "master of law"
bartekha commander "master of swords"
Breuš goddess of Fate; first day of week
bas calm, even-tempered "flattish"
baš even, flat
ben nothing
benoin annul
bran front, face
branoin advance, march
breušin unlucky, unfortunate
čark king
českan hide
českod mythical pixie-like being
českodač an encounter with a pixie, considered fortuitous
čint the left hand or side
čints on the left; north
Čintsin the northern mountains
čokh fist
čoks threatening, ready to fight
daghan stay, camp
daghoin host
daghne camp
daradan dance
dašim hemp
demen give
demač gift; celebratory dinner
deu girl child, daughter
Deubar a powerful goddess; sixth day of the week "daughter of the master"
deučark princess
deugadin brother-daughter (niece)
deughunin niece, daughter of one's elder brother
deutača sister-daughter (niece)
drorin awaken
drorač breakfast
drors awake
druman denounce to the king
dumagh glass (substance)
Faragh the Faraghin people
faraghin a Faraghin, of Faragh
Feroj the Feråjin people
fisrantud untried person, rookie
fistats unlawful, illegal
foghan make, craft
gadin younger brother
gars boat
gereč moon; fourth day of the week
ghafač theft, crime
ghafan steal
ghantač dragon
gheč mighty, powerful
ghisk knife
ghiskan cut
ghun old
ghunin elder brother
gudan descend (from an ancestor)
katan amuse
kats amusing
keban eat
kebač dinner, meal
kert anger, rage
kerts angry
ketrem honor
krertan seize, capture
khar good
khargadin uncle: father's younger brother
khartača aunt
khiselan bequeath
khislod heir
khoir goat
khran guts, boldness
khrans bold, brave
khunt devil
lač country NT lats "land"
lečeu the eighth day of the week NT Lêtsau, a demon
lets longsword
leus free
leusoin liberate
lupan lie, deceive
maghačan loot, take as booty
maghačud captive (from raiding)
mašmuršesa Council of Warriors "house of warriors"
mašt house, palace
maštač government, dominion
maštin royal, governmental
men son
menčark prince
mengadin brother-son (nephew)
mengars first mate
menghonin nephew, son of one's elder brother
menkhunt bastard, sumbitch "son of a devil"
mentača sister-son (nephew)
muns soft, weak
Munsin the Ŋouru (Ngauro) "weakish"
mor blood
moršes knight, warrior
nagane seat (of a noble), capital
nagat lord, baron
nagho bear (animal)
nak outside (case suffix)
naks outside (adj.)
naksoin exile, cast out
napalan be bored
napalčan mess around out of boredom
ner bad, weak
ners weakish, sick
nirgha war; third day of the week
pat one
pačunan reckon, count
porat clean, pure; sound, decent
Porats the river dividing Faraghin and Feråjin territory
praghan get used to, be accustomed to
praghud tamed, broken (of horses)
prunin stab, slash
rantan test (by experience), prove
rantod veteran, experienced man
rifan scare
rifs scary; ugly
rotan own, possess
rotod property, possessions
rušnen paint, color; insult, accuse
sat gold
sats rich, wealthy
sekh name
sekhan name, call
sempan twist, stunt
sempod twisted, stunted
ser great, mighty
serčark emperor
sernagat minister of state
seršan the sun; the sun god; seventh day of the week
sif sea, ocean
soi coast NT sau
Soifaragh Huyfárah (Sau Ibli) "Faraghin coast"
sun two
šan fire
šes holy
šesoin anoint; ordain; crown
šoi woman
šois sweet, gentle "womanish"
šor year
šors mature, wise; name of a goddess and the second day of the week
tača sister
tat law, rule
tatoin legalize; permit, allow "make lawful"
tats lawful, legal
tekh sword
tekha army
tekšes soldier, swordsman
triban marry (of the participants)
triboin marry (perform a marriage)
tribod husband
tundan watch over, take care of; oversee