Aθáta/Lexicon

From AkanaWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Extended Aθáta Lexicon

If you want to derive additional words for Aθáta, feel free to add them. Collaborative lexicography rules!


  • Items marked with a star* were already present in the original language description by RHaden.
  • Morphological alternations are indicated as follows:
    • The citation form of nouns is the unpossessed singular. The morphology column also lists the unpossessed plural and the 3sg possessed plural in order to show where stem alternation occurs and how it manifests itself. For mass nouns which have no plural forms, the 3sg possessed singular is given instead, written in italics.
    • Verbs are given as bare active stems. The stem class of the verb is indicated in the type column: a simple v. signifies that the passive stem is regularly built by shifting stress to the final syllable of the root, and v.L indicates that the passive stem is built with an infixed -l- ("l-extension"). Recent borrowings and newly-coined words usually add -l- and shift stress if polysyllabic; this is labelled v.SL, with the passive stem given in the morphology column.
    • Some stress-shifting verbs elide a vowel in the passive stem; if such occurs, the shortened form is listed. Also remember that the habitual passive of verbs without l-extension is built on the (perfective) active stem.
    • Some verbs have a distinct habitual active stem, which is also given in the morphology column (with preposed hab).
    • Certain verbs are treated as fully irregular; these are marked as (irr.) in the morphology column, and their aspect/valency forms are given at the end of this lexicon.


See also:


Etymology:


275 words. Next tasks:

  • derive more core vocab from Adāta
  • more loanwords


word morphology type meaning etymology
áfi-* v. to speak abi- "to say"
áfie-* v. to capture abuie-
áfo adj. special; specific hāpho "alone"
áfpa-* v. to raise hapaba- "to lift"
áfse-* v. to sing abize-
aftó adj. personal apitō "private"
afúr adj. small abūr "short"
áico- v. to lie, to deceive aiuko-
alápu- v. to dispose of, to throw away halāpu-
álna adj. public hālena
âm adj. obvious axam "audible"
antár antárax, antárcān n. riot Pen. eantar "violence"
ápa adj. far, distant apax
ápe-* v. to sit ape-
âre- arél- v.SL to persuade; to discuss Æð. ārel "politics"
Asíli top. Huyfárah hazīli
ásio- v. to hope azio-
áspa- áspax, áspacān n. observation, fact Æð. aspa "detail"
ate-* pp. with ate
aθ-* pp. into atha
áθa áθān n.MASS ashes ātha
áθe-* (irr.) v.IRR to be athe-
Aθlé top. Athalē athalē
aθótin* adj. unholy adōtin
aθún adj. pure, innocent adūn
Áxloθo top. Akelodo akelodo
áxna áxnān n.MASS the world akana
cafî cafîx, cafîcān n. result, outcome N.A. ngkaifoig "aftereffect"
cálas* cálsax, cálsacān n. border kālas
cápa* adv. last year kapa
cáran* cárnax, cárnacān n. enemy akāran "unfriendly"
caró* caróx, carócān n. friend kārō
cásus* adj. nearby kasus "near, close"
cê- v.L to look at kaila- (final -l dropped due to confusion with passive suffix)
cêfma cêfmax, cêfmacān n. hedge B.Nz. kaywemə "fence"
céla* célax, célcān n. scribe kēla
céme- v. to learn, to study kēme-
cémfu cémfux, cémfucān n. apprentice kēmebu "learner"
céni- ceníl- v.SL to thank Pen. ceanih "to express deep gratitude"
céro* num. ten V.Ad. *kero "one-ty"
cīfé cīféx, cīfécān n. mistake N.A. koipegê "to assume incorrectly"
cifló ciflóx, ciflócān n. inn, hostel kiphalō
cîrmana- v. to leave, to abandon koirimana- "to desert"
cmása- v. to persecute; to pick as scapegoat kumāza- "to sue"
cóme- v. to exchange B.Nz. komɛ "to compensate"
cóto- v. to expect koto-
csû adj. foolish; ill-advised kesū "unsafe"
cθé-* v.L to steal V.Ad. *kuthē-
cûx, cúcān n. jar N.A. kug
cúca- v. to hurry kuka-
cútan adj. bad; unlucky Pen. kutarn "very bad (vulgar)"
cúθo- v. to drudge, to toil kūtho "sweat"
écon* adj. hostile hēkon
êf* êfax, êfcān n. man ēab
éffi- v. to be humorous ebaphi-
éma- v. to change; to prepare for an action ema- "to turn" and hema- "to wait"
énspa-* v. to strike ēnazapa-
énθa-* v. to feel enatha-
érfu érfux, érfucān n. hero; idol ēribu "conqueror"
Ésa top. the Eigə river ēza
ése* qu. all eze
éθci* éθcix, éθcicān n. mistress edaki
êθlu êθlux, êθlucān n. town; any settlement larger than a village F. ædelu
éθra-* v. to bake ethura- "to cook"
éθtu- v. to suffice; to fit etutu-
éxa* éxax, éxcān n. domesticated animal ekha
éxu- v. to kill ekhu-
fáfor* fáfrān n.MASS strength baphor "strong"
fása* fásax, fáscān n. staff basa
fépo fépox, féfcān n. perfume Æð. ðwepo "to smell"
féru férux, fércān n. land property, real estate F. bæru
féθuθ adj. risky, dangerous bethut "tight"
fímpa fímpax, fímpacān n. papyrus Æð. wimba
fîsa- v. to bless buiaza-
fnása- v. to praise banāza- "to pray"
fné-* v.L to pray V.Ad. *banē-
fômaθ fônθax, fônθacān n. assistant; vice officer, second-in-command F. baomast "steward, majordomo"
fóθa cj. either/or boda
fôθca fôθcax, fôθcacān n. commander, general F. baoteka
fθô* fθôx, fθócān n. fat diphō "fat" (adj.)
fû* fûx, fúcān n. ox
fúcir fúcirax, fúcircān n. beer Pen. huckir
hára* hárax, hárcān n. sheep xāra
héfa héfax, héfcān n. insult, curse xepha
hófsa hófsax, hófsacān n. trade route B.Nz. xɔpsah
Hornīl top. the Eiwəl Gourun xōron eiel
hûti hûtix, hûticān n. wealth, possessions N.A. êheutoi "property"
iân iánax, iáncān n. adult ian "mature"
ianîn adj. alone; lonely ianoneien (verbal noun of ianona- "to be unwelcome")
iatí* iatíx, iatícān n. prisoner iātī
íci adj. black īki
iénta- ientál- v.SL to explain Æð. jenta
iétu iétux, iétucān n. toil; effort; duty F. hitugə "physical necessity" (via Æð. hjedux)
ífra- v. to cook hiphora- "to boil"
îfu îfux, îfcān n. method eiabu "instrument, means"
il-* pp. to īla
îlo- iló- v. to suggest, to propose Æð. īlo "to hold an opinion"
ílnu* cj./pp. before īlanu
ína- v. to see ina-
îne înex, încān n. riddle; mystery F. eione "obscure, hard to understand"
ióroθ iórtax, iórtacān n. revision, reform, modification Kt. yorot "to change"
iósu- iosúl- v.SL to decorate Æð. jozu "to paint"
íten adj. different hiten
ítian* ítianax, ítiancān n. arm itian
iθé- v.L to run V.Ad. *hidē- "to jump"
íθio íθiox, íθiocān n. shirt Ndd. isceo "cotton"
íθun* íθnax, íθnacān n. sea, ocean ithun
iu* cj./pp. as iu
iúfa iúfān n.MASS survival iuba "life"
iúne- iné- v. to mediate; to find a balance iune "moderate"
iúθo cj. so iutho
íxtu íxtux, íxtucān n. livestock ikhotu
láira- lairál- v.SL to negotiate Æð. læjra "to convince, to bargain"
lamé adj. tall, high lāmē "long"
lánte- v. to heal, to cure F. ladmate "medicine"
lâs* lásax, láscān n. land las
Lásmo top. Lasomo lasomo
Laspé top. Peilaš laspē (calque from F. peilaš)
lâθ* láθax, láθcān n. year lād
laθé adj. fast, quick lathē
láxo* láxox, láxcān n. bone lakho
léri adj. young lēri
lesé* leséx, lesécān n. word lezē
lésporo lésporox, lésporcān n. ink Ndd. lespoddo
lêta- v. to build laita-
léxa léxax, léxcān n. law F. lega
lîta- v. to try luita-
lóssa- v. to answer, to reply lōsiza-
lúse lúsex, lúscān n. nickname Æð. lusek "personal name" (final -k dropped due to confusion with plural marker)
máfa* máfax, máfcān n. mouth maba
mála* adj. shining mala
máθe* máθex, máθcān n. heart māthe
mécaθ* méxθax, méxθacān n. brother mēkat
méfu méfux, méfcān n. merchant mebu
mése* mésex, méscān n. father meze
Míθu top. Mɨdu mithu
mína* mínax, míncān n. mother mina
mîri- v. to refuse; to prohibit míari- "to not allow"
misáko-* miskó- v. to celebrate mizāko-
mláni mlánix, mláncān n. diplomat B.Nz. mlaña "visitor"
Mlîr top. the Milīr river milīr
mólan adj. awake molan
mósin adj. cultured F. mosin "urban"
múce-* v. to protest
múnte- v. to farm F. musmate "agriculture"
múθa múθax, múθcān n. dream mūdak (final -k dropped due to confusion with plural marker)
náca* nácax, náxcān n. god naka
naié adj. futile, in vain nāiē "pointlessly"
náne nánex, náncān n. orange (fruit) Pen. nane
nára- narál- v.SL to select Pen. naran "to prefer"
nárpa nárpax, nárpacān n. donkey Pen. narpa "domestic animal"
nárrol* nárrolax, nárrolcān n. horse V.Ad. *nalarol
nêfu nêfux, nêfcān n. serf naxebu "laborer"
nélθu nélθux, nélθucān n. judge nēlithu
neré* neréx, nerécān n. woman nērē
nípi- nipíl- v.SL to plan; to pretend Æð. nipi "to mean"
níθa* níθax, níθcān n. bread nitha
Niθsé* top. Nitazē nitazē
nólo nólox, nólcān n. road F. noulo
nóna-* v. to go nona-
nôpu nôpux, nôpucān n. citizen; sir nuxāpu "head of household"
nósi nósix, nósicān n. knife Mav. nož
núfu núfux, núfcāx n. cat N.A. ngufeu
nūlí- v.L to strive, to engage oneself N.A. ndeulid "enthusiasm"
of-* pp. on ob "near to, by"
ófa* qu. many opha
ofí-* v.L to conquer V.Ad. *hophī-
ófsa- ofsál- v.SL to offer obizala- (final -l dropped due to confusion with passive suffix)
ófu adj. deep; immersive ophu
ôl ôlax, ôlcān n. foot axol
óla* cj. when
ólca- v. to forget ōloka-
on* cj. and on
ónla- v. to confuse honulak "unclear" (final -k dropped due to confusion with 3PL ending)
onló onlóx, onlócān n. graveyard honilō
opóp opópax, opófcān n. crowd; phalanx; (pl.) populace N.A. o-pop "many men"
ópu ópux, ópucān n. celebration; festive dinner Æð. opug "splendour, luxury"
óspu óspux, óspucān n. spokesman Nam. ospu "chief, leader"
oθé oθéx, oθécān n. salt odē
oθí oθíx, oθícān n. craftsman othī "expert" (adj.)
oxnó- v.L to allow ōkenō "permission"
pacátia* pacátiax, pacásicān n. throne ōpākātia
páfsa-* v. to name papaza-
páso-* v. to attack paso-
páθ adj. bad-smelling pat
páθa páθax, páθcān n. valley pāda
péθa-* v. to defeat petha-
péθu adj. separate; apart pethu
pîn adj. low pin
pîr pírax, pírcān n. goat pir
plé-* v.L to send V.Ad. *pilē-
prâ* adj. brave perā
prâ- v.L to fry Pen. oaprah
préna- v. to prepare pirēna- "to plan"
psúna- v. to calculate N.A. patsuna "mathematics"
púcu- v. to agree with; to yield puku- "to be tempted"
ráce- racél- v.SL to support; to pity Adh. ràtşell "to encourage"
rátiu rátiux, rátiucān n. onion Pen. racu
Ráθias top. Rādias rādias
ráθo-* v. to hear ratho-
Raθθán* top. the Rathedān highlands rathedān
résin adj. headstrong, stubborn Ndd. rëshïn "one's personality"
rísma- v. to study rizama- "to learn"
rómsa- romsál- v.SL to increase; to accumulate Mav. ro-mza "to grow"
rúlas* adj. foreign rūlas
rûn rúnax, rúncān n. prophet; saint; religious leader rūnak "prophet" (final -ak dropped due to confusion with plural marker)
runáfan runáfnax, runáfnacān n. politician; populist, rebel rūnak naphan "small prophet"
sáfi-* v. to give saphi-
sáfun adj. empty zaphun "hollow"
sáma* sámax, sáncān n. sun zama
sáran sárnax, sárnacān n. hangover zāran "drunk" and zara "dawn"
sáte-* v. to begin sāte-
sáti* sátix, sáθcān n. feast zāti
Sáθθu n.MASS Midsummer zātidu
sê* sêx, sécān n. star
sênaθ sêntax, sêntacān n. clerk; sheriff; any government official F. sernat "minister of state"
sénti séntix, sénticān n. provocation, offense Pen. seanti "taboo"
sêθiō sêθiōx, sêθiōcān n. emperor (historical term, of the classical empires only) F. serčaok
sif* cj. thus sip
síma* símax, síncān n. mud zīma
síma-* simá- [ʃma-]; hab sín- v. to live zima-
silûn silúnax, silúncān n. tooth silūn
sóflu sóflux, sóflucān n. tower B.Nz. tsɔvlu
sofréna- v. to master sopirēna-
sôθo sôθox, sôθcān n. tortilla, flatbread Ndd. saodwa
stê adj. possible ditē
súni súnix, súncān n. loan, credit B.Nz. suña "to help"
tá-* v.L to become ta-
téca técax, téxcān n. platoon teka
témpa témpax, témpacān n. whore Pen. tempar "wife (vulgar)"
tês téssax, téssacān n. mercenary F. tesses "soldier"
téθo adj. large, vast tetho "wide"
tfê tfêx, tfêcān n. reward; status symbol topē "horn" (via "trophy")
tfēθánta- v. to insist < tfêx θánta- "to point to one's trophies"
tiáco tiácox, tiáxcān n. brick Æð. djeko "stone"
tiónte tióntex, tióntecān n. drug; alcohol Nam. kyonte "medicine"
tiúfu tiúfux, tiúfcān n. student Æð. tjuvu
tlô tlôx, tlôcān n. group of friends; political party; alliance tulō "table"
tôn* tónax, tóncān n. hand ton
tóssa tóssax, tóssacān n. line; connection, shortcut tōsiza "wrinkle"
tú* v.L to eat tu-
txô txôx, txócān n. stone tikhō
Θafía top. the Thabīa river Pl.H. tawɨʔɨya
θal* cj. but, however dal
θálo* θálox, θálcān n. moon thālo
θánta- v. to show dāmita- "to hold, to present"
Θáras top. Thāras thāras
θárma- v. to warn darema-
θáxne θáxnex, θáxnecān n. fort, military base F. dagane
θéci- v. to hate deki-
θéfi* θéfix, θéfcān n. child dephi
θemó- v.L to hunt dēmoxa-
θîla θîlax, θîlcān n. scholar F. čeilə "teacher"
θiô θiôx, θiócān n. tool, instrument N.A. dihod
θísca* θíscax, θíscacān n. duke; any higher noble dizaka "king; reigning prince"
θíscesor* θíscesorax, θíscesorcān n. king, emperor dizaka xezor "great-king"
θísclas* θísclasax, θísclascān n. kingdom, country dizakalas "king-land"
θmô* θmôx, θmôcān n. city-state damō
θomá θomáx, θomácān n. glass (substance) F. doumah
θótin* adj. holy dōtin
θosé adj. white dōzē
θúco- θucól- v.SL to regret dūko "bitterness" (emotion)
ufómfana-* v. to belittle, to insult uphōnaphana-
úla-* v. to rise ula- "to raise"
úmo- v. to take ūmo- "to steal"
uréθ urétax, uréθcān n. volunteer; seasonal worker Pen. uret "to be eager"
úrfu úrfux, úrfucān n. charlatan, wannabe urubu "doctor"
Xálnu top. Khalanu khalanu
xénu* xénux, xéncān n. light khēnu
xésa xésax, xéscān n. weak point xokhēza
xíra xírax, xírcān n. government; council khíara "the Privy Council"
xírsu xírsux, xírsucān n. minister of state khíarasu "member of the khíara"
xîrl* xírlax, xírlacān n. book khīrala
xocé* xociân n.MASS tin khōkhē
xósa* xósax, xóscān n. grove khōza


Irregular verbs

This section lists the various aspect/valency stems for the most important irregular verbs of Aθáta. The stems are given in the following order:

  • habitual active, perfective active, imperfective active;
  • habitual passive, perfective passive, imperfective passive;
  • imperative singular; gerund

áθe- "to be"

  • áθe-, á-, sí-
  • (no passive; suppletive verb tá- used instead)
  • î; áθien