Ndak Ta/Lexicon

From AkanaWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Ndak Ta Lexicon

NT word class meaning etymology
abwe adj. stable
adwa adj. dark
ainggàu adj. crooked, askew, awry, amiss
ainte adj. feeble
aio adj. chief, most important, most salient
aiwa adj. good
aklu adj. ugly
algo adj. sweet
alngai adj. common
anai adj. empty, hungry
ansetra adj. prototypical
anto adj. old
asnàn adj. dry
aubai adj. active
aubo adj. easy, happy
auntòn adj. thin
auntu adj. rich (wealthy)
aurne adj. muddy, murky, unclear, obscured
auspi adj. green
bad adj. cultured
bagng adj. rough
basti adj. gentle
baura adj. great, famous
bekwâu adj. insufficient
bendut adj. tight
benung adj. complete, finished
bot adj. same
bubwits adj. warm
dado adj. male
dautin adj. holy
dauwai adj. white
dêka adj. mystical, spiritual
disau adj. usual
ditai adj. possible
elge adj. clean
emau adj. loose
eno adj. bitter
epwaip adj. light (non-heavy)
gâga adj. angry, violent, bloodthirsty
gaut adj. dull
gets adj. likely, probable
gibm adj. bad
gilna adj. slow
gingko adj. hard
gingwi adj. tall
gom adj. high
goso adj. difficult
idur adj. sour
ikwa adj. straight
ilki adj. black
ilmo adj. beautiful
imbai adj. blind
imbenta adj. cheerful
isi adj. sudden
iske adj. equal
kâtsum adj. powerful < Gez. kâtsum "strong" (K)
kelki adj. dangerous
ketsus adj. unsafe
kinto adj. generous
kola adj. funny
kosarang adj. polite, humble < Gez. kosaraŋ "friendly" (K)
kukail adj. tame
kun adj. stiff, sturdy
kuntor adj. bright, well-lit
kwaidn adj. loud
kwaim adj. round
kwat adj. bad-smelling
kweda adj. ready
lairi adj. young
lanag adj. good-smelling
langàng adj. familiar
lantai adj. fast
larmai adj. long
lêtsau adj. cold
lonte adj. correct
mab adj. blunt
madn adj. violent
malâwe adj. successful
mauro adj. narrow
mbâur adj. short
mbesta adj. ordered, organized
mbibo adj. guilty
mbiski adj. necessary
mbopm adj. enough
mbwura adj. unusual
mingwa adj. powerful
mits adj. late
molan adj. awake, on the ball, "on top of things"
more adj. dark, dim
mpag adj. far
mpitau adj. private
musmis adj. stupid (said of people)
muspê adj. stupid (said of actions)
mwarwobm adj. heavy
nabâu adj. regular, predictable, reliable
nam adj. sick
nambam adj. small
namowi adj. brown, orange
napê adj. red
ndabwa adj. dirty
ndapi adj. smart
ndaun adj. pure
ndêwu adj. safe
ngâ adj. adult, mature
ngabra adj. thick
ngauro adj. ancient, antique
nggam adj. audible
ngimbu adj. sharp
ngune adj. moderate
ngwolâi adj. full
ntausia adj. false
ntia adj. true
ntial adj. same
ntomatn adj. complex
ntupa adj. peaceful
nuwe adj. smooth
olto adj. new
ompa adj. flat
ompu adj. deep
ondisi adj. expert
oru adj. visible
osma adj. recent
pai adj. big
palmambi adj. secret
pekwa adj. last
peras adj. brave, valiant, courageous
pim adj. low
pipm adj. useful
piwel adj. early
rampa adj. abundant
râwa adj. mature
rorma adj. typical
sadlo adj. rich-tasting
sai adj. female
sai adj. foreign, alien, inscrutable
sai adj. blue
saimpo adj. alone
sanlena adj. public < Ngauro
santa adj. legal < Ngauro
santau adj. illegal < Ngauro
selkon adj. hostile
sête adj. tidy
sim adj. lucky
simwai adj. rotten
sîteng adj. different
sonulak adj. imaginary, unrealistic, nebulous
sumo adj. wrong
taròt adj. hard-working, diligent, patient, obedient < Gez. taròːt "courage, energy" (K)
tento adj. wide
tsadn adj. deaf
tsâuki adj. soft
tsese adj. steep
tsingki adj. separate
tsuts adj. near
udu adj. cruel, painful
ulmài adj. yellow
unggu adj. lame, crippled
wampum adj. hollow
wawaik adj. calm
wing adj. wet
aina adv. downward
ambwa adv. moderately
auso adv. yesterday
bau adv. again
bwut adv. rightward
daid adv. this year
intaing adv. in favor of
iwen adv. well (as in "did well")
kapm adv. last year
kwentu adv. apart
ladn adv. a little
lasti adv. healthy
mâg adv. today
mbai adv. leftward
mbubwa adv. recently
mpau adv. because of
mu adv. really, indeed < Gez. mu (K)
naisngai adv. pointlessly
nas adv. maybe, possibly < Gez. nas "sometimes" (K)
ngal adv. very
nggai adv. upward
ngwogng adv. backward
ntsand adv. greatly
rampen adv. instead of
râwebm adv. incompetently
rolu adv. forward
taibm adv. together
taudu adv. somewhat
tsuri adv. tomorrow
ubwu adv. soon
au art. a
lu art. the
ndo art. a
boda cj. either/or (exclusive or)
dal cj. but
gunto cj. so, thus
lik cj. neither/nor
mi cj. or
nin cj. therefore, if/then
on cj. and
bodat cj.gap. either/or (exclusive or)
daldâ cj.gap. but
gundâ cj.gap. so, thus
ligâ cj.gap. neither/nor
mit cj.gap. or
nindâ cj.gap. therefore, if/then
ongwâ cj.gap. and
abâi n. swamp
ailàu n. flower
aimbu n. peasant, farmer, beggar (ain "farm (v.)" + -bu)
aimwa n. snake
aisab n. husband
aise n. snow
âka n. air
akremo n. wax
ammi n. fly
angài n. war, battles
apwi n. fruit
arâwa n. dinner
arbwa n. craftsman
arwa n. fog
asa n. woman
âukwai n. sculpture
aunti n. river
baitrai n. leg
bandoro n. early meal
bâpu n. root, anchor
batsn n. stick, branch, twig
baus n. ox
bengkai n. amount, quantity
betsla n. beard
bikng n. jaw
bistu n. trunk (of a tree)
bongga n. back
busan n. crab
bwai n. star
bwaikti n. feast
bwed n. son
bwekud n. eagle < Gez. gwekud (K)
bwenggautsu n. birthright, inheritance
bwogig n. bay
bworàsâ n. abacus < Gez. gworàːzâ (K)
daing n. mountain, hill, incline (anything large with a notable slope)
dalsur n. honey
dasi n. goddess
dâusâ n. blanket < Gez. dâuzâ (K)
dempi n. child, young (of an animal)
dene n. reason
dengi n. finger
diàka n. king (any sort of ruler of either gender) < Ng. *djak(a)
dikon n. thing
dogâ n. ladder
dokib n. guest
domau n. shoe
dulbe n. broom, brush
duts n. shoulder
engka n. animal (includes insects but excludes aquatic life)
eplain n. ball
etsn n. manner, method, way
gaibra n. sheep
gaido n. rabbit
gan n. knife
gau n. road, path, trail, street
gauron n. semiarid land
gempa n. burn, insult
gepâ n. solution, remedy, workaround < Gez. gepâ "pass (in mountains)" (K)
gepun n. seashell
ginig n. iron < Gez. ginig (K)
gubm n. life, survival
iadopm n. summer
idâu n. noble
imai n. name, symbol, sign
imbi n. moon, month
imu n. head, apex, point
indùng n. sea
ingkotu n. wealth
ingkwi n. liver
iob n. part, piece < Gez. job (K)
iswau n. night, calendar day
itwam n. arm
iubleg n. cheese < Gez. jubleg (K)
kak n. edge, border
kaitia n. gold < Gez. kʰɔeteɜ̃ (very early loanword)
karnu n. oar
kêduk n. helmet < Gez. kêduk (K)
keg n. anvil < Gez. keːg (K)
kenla n. teacher, scribe, literate person < Ngauro
koiom n. furnace, smelting oven < Gez. kojom (K)
komwa n. tongue
kusram n. olive < Gez. kusaram (K)
kwagan n. bean
kwats n. chair
kwi n. fingernail
kwir n. goat < Far. xoir
lai n. bird
laid n. year
langkwo n. bone
lartsartsa n. hour
lats n. country, nation, land, region
lâwa n. delta
leng n. face; expression
lestâ n. room
lewai n. word
lewaitsâi n. poetry (cf. lewai "word")
lin n. grape
lopo n. squirrel
lunde n. shore, riverbank
luskai n. sail (of a ship)  ? < Ngauro
mabm n. mouth
mâisâ n. cow
maki n. table
maldo n. human being
maunde n. heart
mbits n. heron (bird)
mbod n. color
mbontai n. seed, source, origin
mbusmu n. belly, any soft part of an animal
mebwe n. father
merkàt n. brother
mik n. bread
mikwisma n. dough (mik "bread" + wisma "mud")
mombwai n. worm
mos n. city, any settlement larger than a village < Ng. *mos
mpaiswa n. fish, all aquatic life
mparim n. furrow
mpepm n. breast
mpisu n. spider
mpom n. plum
mpungge n. clay tablet
mpurnim n. heathen, infidel, philistine
mulâ n. ice
mungwu n. owl (imitative)
murdak n. dream
nâk n. field
naka n. god < Ng. *naka(ʔ)
nalaròr n. horse < Gez. nalaròr (K)
ndai n. tree; anything tall (including people)
ndalidn n. energy
nditn n. wrist
nditol n. tallow lamp (cf. tol "sun; light")
ndum n. fence; enclosure
nenga n. leaf
netrai n. wife
ngaktìs n. slave, captive, prisoner
ngane n. neck, anything narrow connecting two larger things
ngemba n. toe, any bits at the bottom of something
ngerko n. jewel, gemstone < Gez. ŋerko (K)
nggam n. mat
nggerau n. cabbage
nggol n. foot, foundation, basis
ngguneg n. butterfly
ngits n. claw
ngkai n. egg
ngkets n. column, stele
ngkilba n. plough
ngkopa n. cart, wagon
ngkormu n. saw
ngkup n. nut
ngod n. fork
ngwartsi n. tool
ngwau n. skin
niàtem n. waterclock < Ng. *njatemu
nimsad n. barbarian < Ng. *nimasd
nipm n. shell (of land animals, nuts and seeds); armor
ntêwâ n. tail, penis
ntindo n. metal
ntobau n. turtle
ntodi n. arrow
ntsadgot n. roof (ntsad "straw" + kota "to cover")
ntsigan n. chicken
ntsîlu n. belt
ntsuro n. needle
ntuk n. stem, stalk (of plants); shaft (of arrow or spear); stylus
nukwàkâ n. slime, mucus
nunde n. snail
nurimu n. spearhead, arrowhead (cf. nuri "obsidian")
nus n. high tide  ? < Ngauro
odam n. right (side)
okwa n. ear
olau n. place
oldau n. eye, any vulnerable spot
omau n. sister
Ombàsi n. Mother Goddess (omo "mother" + dasi "goddess")
omo n. mother
ospàk n. throne, status symbol
pailbe n. sand
palàuk n. boot < Gez. palàuk "shoe" (K)
palda n. valley
pantu n. sheaf, bundle; portion (of grain)
pap n. shield
pes n. cup; hour (as measured by a waterclock)
ping n. glue, mortar
pitsâu n. wool
pon n. island
ponî n. plant, vegetation
posâ n. pump, bellows < Gez. poːzâ (K)
pungwa n. nose
rande n. sky
rander n. jar
raung n. plain
remor n. earthquake
renggai n. bow
rikraun n. winter
rimpe n. tree stump
ritsadn n. loom
robm n. feather
rorop n. peninsula
rud n. man
runnak n. priest (rud "man" + naka "god")
saisung n. left (side)
sakits n. garlic < Gez. sakits (K)
sarsâ n. tube, pipe
sau n. coast < Ng. *sou
sebaur n. drum
seg n. hook
selai n. sword
sikadn n. hurricane
sim n. cloud
sonîda n. gravesite
sonîlau n. graveyard (sonîda "gravesite" + -lau)
susi n. mouse
taindi n. wing, shield, shelter
tarang n. daughter
tau n. lake
têlai n. rainbow
tem n. wall
temos n. city wall; fortified wall (tem "wall" + mos "city")
tempa n. shelf (tem "wall" + ompa "flat")
tingkàu n. stone
tiri n. door, gate
tiska n. flax
titi n. flea
tol n. sun, light or any source of it
ton n. hand
topai n. horn
tsakai n. bee
tsam n. axe < Gez. tsam (K)
tsar n. moon
tseginig n. chain < Gez. tseginig "tie-iron" (K)
tselô n. spear
tsêtsi n. louse
tsilâu n. tooth, fang
tsis n. dog
tsong n. knee
tsurgî n. pressure
turu n. shirt, tunic (simple work clothing) < Gez. tuːru (K)
ulwo n. rope, vine, string, twine
wartam n. pig < Gez. wartam (K)
wat n. age
wedn n. herb (any useful plant, including vegetables)
wimès n. neighbor
wots n. deer, stag
ainda n.mass. ashes, remains, corpses
aini n.mass. hair
airti n.mass. day (refers only to daytime)
ali n.mass. fire, heat, warmth
altò n.mass. wind
bambor n.mass. strength
baulai n.mass. earth/soil
borma n.mass. wheat
bwai iskaimel n.mass. astronomy (bwai "star" + iskaimel "that which must be studied")
dimbau n.mass. fat
empi n.mass. grass
emwel n.mass. west
gatn n.mass. wood
gomba n.mass. people; the public
gor n.mass. juice (of fruit)
guro n.mass. guts
ibli n.mass. north
isesìgen n.mass. metallurgy < Gez. isezìgen (K)
kesor n.mass. felt < Gez. kesor (K)
kil n.mass. barley
kotsâ n.mass. charcoal < Gez. koːtsâ (K)
lindain n.mass. wine (lin "grape" + Gez. jain "wine" (K))
lobau n.mass. tracks, footprints
lurits n.mass. cloth, fabric
mbâro n.mass. bark
mber n.mass. tears
mbigom n.mass. goods collected as a tax or tithe
mbop n.mass. music
mpêlo n.mass. rain
mpungge n.mass. clay
naka iskaimel n.mass. soothsaying (naka "god" + iskaimel "that which must be studied")
napnge n.mass. loot
nasa n.mass. east
ndimu n.mass. mercy
ngkana n.mass. the world
ntâug n.mass. forest
ntsad n.mass. straw
ntse n.mass. blood
ntsompa n.mass. steps, stairs
nuri n.mass. obsidian
odai n.mass. salt
pumâ n.mass. smoke, steam
sa n.mass. meat
saungwe n.mass. water
sesang n.mass. beer < Gez. sesaŋ (K)
tam n.mass. south
tidu n.mass. milk
tsondo n.mass. dust
wedn iskaimel n.mass. herblore (wedn "herb" + iskaimel "that which must be studied")
wisma n.mass. mud
bu num. four
dau num. five
ets num. six
imbi num. hundred
ke num. one
mam num. seven
ngi num. two
nil num. nine
ro num. ten
sudn num. eight
wos num. three
ta particle (dynamic)
âk pp. of, by, since
al pp. without, besides, except for
anda pp. into
isla pp. to, towards, before
kwen pp. with, in the company of
lita pp. throughout
mbembu pp. between, among
nai pp. in
nggairit pp. as far as, as much as, until
ngu pp. as
ntatsn pp. surrounding, all around
nte pp. with, using
ob pp. at, near to
puk pp. per, for each
rambe pp. along, via, during
rigng pp. across, in spite of
sa pp. from out of
um pp. made of
uwa pp. from, after
wau pp. for, concerning, with respect to
â pron. him, her, it (3sg.obj)
a pron. he, she, it (3sg.subj)
ag pron. they two (3dl.subj)
ak pron. they (3pl.subj)
am pron. to him/her/it/them (3.dat)
as pron. them (3pl/dl.obj)
do pron. thou (2sg.subj)
dog pron. ye two (2dl.subj)
dok pron. ye (2pl.subj)
dom pron. to you (2.dat)
dong pron. thee (2sg.obj)
dos pron. ye (2dl/pl.obj)
ege pron. everyone/everything
elul pron. everywhere
etsau pron. always
ewe pron. every/all
ewip pron. every way / for every reason
pron. that (by you)
gâge pron. that (by you)
gâlul pron. there (by you)
gewa pron. who/what
î pron. me (1sg.obj)
i pron. I (1sg.subj)
ig pron. we two (1dl.subj)
ik pron. we (1pl.subj)
im pron. to me/us (1.dat)
ipa pron. how
is pron. us (1dl/pl.obj)
iwa pron. which
laingko pron. thou (2sg.subj formal)
laingkog pron. ye two (2dl.subj formal)
laingkok pron. ye (2pl.subj formal)
laingkom pron. to you (2.dat formal)
laingkong pron. thee (2sg.obj formal)
laingkos pron. ye (2dl/pl.obj formal)
ma pron. no
mage pron. nobody, nothing
mala pron. where
malul pron. nowhere
mandu pron. for no reason
matsau pron. never
mip pron. no way
nambau pron. sometime
nambe pron. someone, something
nambu pron. for some reason
namê pron. some
namip pron. somehow
namlul pron. somewhere
nduwa pron. why
sola pron. when
tsi pron. that (far away)
tsige pron. that (far away)
tsilul pron. there (over there)
tsindu pron. this reason
tsip pron. thus
tsitsau pron. then
wai pron. this
waige pron. this
wailul pron. here
waitsau pron. now
ais qu. a large number of
ewe qu. all, every
mi qu. no, none of
nam qu. some, more than one
ngwa qu. few, a few
omba qu. many
or qu. each one of
Kasadgad top. Kasca < Ng. *kasd-kasd "many rivers"
abbwa v. to bloom
abmod v. to walk
abwodnodn v. to thunder
âidai v. to need
ailpabm v. to melt
ain v. to farm
aisi v. to color, to paint
aitn v. to keep
aitsu v. to promise
albitra v. to explode
alnia v. to fly
alpau v. to make, to create < Ng. *alpou
apridn v. to be horrified
atulsa v. to tell
aulmo v. to steal
aumu v. to spit
ausa v. to sacrifice
awio v. to hope
bâil v. to burp
bambi v. to fail
bâre v. to have, to possess
bespi v. to punish
bimbo v. to rub
bontu v. to stab
bora v. to nurse
budna v. to listen
bungia v. to reward, to bless
bungie v. to wound, to hurt, to injure
bwats v. to sweat
bwenggor v. to honor, to respect
dalmit v. to host, to hold, to present
darem v. to warn
das v. to fight
deki v. to hate
denai v. to punish
dengie v. to please
depmai v. to shave
desmog v. to hunt
diedel v. to bribe
dimbang v. to store, to put away
dioba v. to imagine
dowo v. to grumble, to mutter
dungwi v. to praise
dusam v. to regret
ebraib v. to describe
ebri v. to destroy, to delete, to render nonexistent or nonrepairable
egran v. to scratch
êlakra v. to urge
em v. to turn
embur v. to swim
engku v. to kill
eptàg v. to shine
esi v. to shape, to sculpt, to form < Gez. eːzi- (K)
eskidn v. to cook
eslê v. to pour
estasa v. to change
estela v. to burn
esul v. to take
etsen v. to act, to behave
gabbwa v. to share
gagak v. to smile
gangio v. to move
girko v. to serve, to take orders < Gez. giːrko- "to listen, to pay attention" (K)
gondag v. to dream
gonggai v. to break
gordo v. to forge < Gez. gordo- "to alloy, to weld, to join together" (K)
gua v. to follow
gubab v. to mark, to make a mark on
ibbwen v. to fold
idgir v. to whisper
igrik v. to absorb
ingkwak v. to sense, to perceive
inta v. to be hanging (non-execution)
isâri v. to allow, to permit
isma v. to sew
isten v. to lose
kail v. to don (clothing)
kaime v. to study < Ng. *kaime
kaktod v. to greet
kasil v. to look (at)
kasnie v. to avoid
kaumisi v. to reprimand
kek v. to throw
kenau v. to ask
kîbai v. to tie
kikik v. to lightning
kimpal v. to complain
kiran v. to take care of, to deal with, to handle < Gez. kiranâ- "to provide, to supply" (K)
kosiriman v. to desert
kota v. to cover
kuk v. to hurry
kumâi v. to repair
kumba v. to waste
kumpaiwa v. to believe
kutso v. to cough
kwain v. to bite, to chew
kwatopm v. to smash
kwengatsak v. to exile
kwetsn v. to drop, to let go of
kwindamis v. to understand
lane v. to aim
lapabap v. to ignore
lasetn v. to build
lasi v. to close, to shut
lekta v. to collect
lewalpau v. to write (lewai "word" + alpau "to make, to create")
ligio v. to form
lisedgo v. to shake
lolmau v. to visit
lonsia v. to answer, to reply
lusit v. to try
makras v. to face
malwe v. to suck
mastu v. to whistle
matn v. to know, to understand
mâuk v. to protest (against), to complain (about)
mbi v. to say
mbîbwe v. to sing
mboraul v. to be careful
mbunwe v. to hold
mbura v. to decide
mbwawe v. to push
mebis v. to lack
meledn v. to include
mêli v. to read
mese v. to meet
midgai v. to thank
miga v. to trust
miskwi v. to blame
miukur v. to try
mondu v. to count, to measure
morar v. to prefer
mowâ v. to dawn
mpaskali v. to assert, to declare
muba v. to exchange
muto v. to repeat < Gez. muto- (K)
nagebi v. to work
nailin v. to judge
nalunguk v. to organize
narno v. to cut, to use a knife upon
nde v. to touch
ndegret v. to shout
ndepes v. to gather
ndulabm v. to arrange
nelgan v. to twist
nembi v. to mean, to intend
ngende v. to wipe, to scrape
nggawi v. to put
ngguko v. to deceive
ngkasta v. to continue
ngket v. to wilt
ngkwaimpaugng v. to vomit
ngwâi v. to think, to believe, to have faith in
ngwargudn v. to sneeze
ngwerde v. to squirt, to spurt
nises v. to annul
non v. to go (any motion toward somewhere other than 'here')
nta v. to stop
ntsertim v. to discuss
nugats v. to trade
numagi v. to boast
obial v. to offer
odgabm v. to suffer
omula v. to chat, to converse
ongiu v. to guess
ôriwal v. to ignite
orngi v. to squeeze
orte v. to run
oslòk v. to forget
owu v. to grieve, to mourn
papau v. to name
papsadn v. to hiccup
pasto v. to attack, to provoke a fight
penta v. to fuck up (highly insulting when said of someone else)
pesa v. to defecate
pilai v. to send
pirain v. to plan
pokpo v. to refuse
popu v. to dance
posmun v. to flee
pupibat v. to threaten
ragol v. to fill
ranto v. to hear
raula v. to love
rebli v. to oppose
rekibas v. to flood
rêlek v. to ride < Gez. rêːleko- (K)
relsi v. to be hot (weather)
riam v. to learn
rowa v. to play (a musical instrument)
salatpu v. to dispose of, to throw away
sapmi v. to force
sapum v. to derive from
sasamas v. to crown
sebbwa v. to lie
sema v. to wait
semen v. to deny
sepen v. to murmur, to mumble
sides v. to jump
sien v. to prove
sikîda v. to corrupt, to influence (so.) to behave badly
simbor v. to boil
sompìs v. to defeat, to conquer, to pwn
su v. to do (semantically empty proverb)
sungiar v. to help
susi v. to record
targo v. to rebel
tasbam v. to imply
tautsi v. to bend
tengo v. to pull
tianai v. to marry
tingia v. to flash
tingke v. to compel, to coerce
totoli v. to be clumsy
tsaisai v. to arise
tsampi v. to give
tsatsa v. to sneeze (imitative)
tsebor v. to pour
tsesir v. to be born
tsig v. to urinate
tsin v. to like
tsobi v. to control
tsurtor v. to insult, to burn
tuanau v. to avoid, to prevent, to ward off
tutu v. to amaze
ubapm v. to allow
ulbor v. to kneel
ulwa v. to taste
unma v. to play (any non-serious action)
untsi v. to blow
upla v. to explain
uru v. to cure
uwaits v. to be cloudy
wapa v. to hit
wats v. to dig
wim v. to live
wirdel v. to wear
wisai v. to yell, to cry out
wompo v. to remember
wuku v. to blame
aipi v.erg. to freeze
alen v.erg. to split
banai v.erg. to worship
dodo v.erg. to weary
dumbo v.erg. to smell
imbwa v.erg. to use
ina v.erg. to see
iro v.erg. to open
mus v.erg. to grow
ngata v.erg. to sleep
paingkwu v.erg. to fear
pitsi v.erg. to pale
randèl v.erg. to hurry
sab v.erg. to drink, to swallow
sâpabm v.erg. to lift
tsaing v.erg. to wash
tsampa v.erg. to free
tu v.erg. to eat
bal v.erg.intr. to lie
enànda v.erg.intr. to feel, to have emotion
endu v.erg.intr. to fall
ispe v.erg.intr. to feel, to physically experience
ndenam v.erg.intr. to breathe, to live
nots v.erg.intr. to die
abâ v.intr. to commit crime
ande v.intr. to stand
erbo v.intr. to rest
imlana v.intr. to flood
keng v.intr. to walk
kwingi v.intr. to squeal, to squeak (imitative)
lail v.intr. to flow (any continuous motion)
limu v.intr. to laugh (quietly)
v.intr. to journey
miasko v.intr. to celebrate, to party, to have a good time
mpaim v.intr. to cry
mpe v.intr. to sit
nambepm v.intr. to swell
ngango v.intr. to laugh (loudly)
ntetsn v.intr. to float
oto v.intr. to come (any motion toward 'here')
ula v.intr. to rise
untai v.intr. to joke

Idiomatic mood forms

Definitions are given as "(meaning of root) → (idiomatic meaning after morphology applied)".

ngwi-, admonitive

ngwitsampi v. give → owe
ngwisab v. drink → be egged on; be emboldened
ngwipaingkwul adj. fear+PASS → terrible, frightening
ngwinon v. go → be unwelcome
ngwibespil n. punish+PASS → one deserving of punishment
ngwipopu v. dance → socialize
ngwideki v. hate → be wronged by sth.
ngwiawio v. hope → have a (bright) future
ngwikuk v. hurry → be running late
ngwidepmai v. shave → be unkempt
ngwimidgai v. thank → owe gratitude
ngwiupla v. explain → owe an explanation for
ngwitianai v. marry → get (someone) pregnant

uk-, optative

ukonggai v. break → be extremely upset
ukwuku v. blame → have a failure of conscience
upmiasko v. celebrate → be joyous
ukoto v. come → anticipate
uktsobi v. control → covet
upmondu v. count → be picky about
utnots v. die → be suicidal
uksab v. drink → want to participate in; look forward to
ukain v. farm → be unambitious
ukoslok v. forget → have a bad experience with
uktsampi v. give → be horny
ukpenta n. fuck up → loser, lowlife
ugbâre v. have → lack
uktsutorla v. insult → deserve disdain
upmatn v. know → investigate
ugbal v. lie down → be sleepy
ukumâi adj.; v. repair → repentant / seek restitution
ukausabu n. sacrifice+NOM → bloodthirsty priest
ukambi v. say → announce
ukula v. rise → enroll in the priesthood
upmalwe v. suck → suck (in the English colloquial sense)
ukembur v. swim → behave recklessly
uktsaing v. wash → be dirty
ugbanai v. worship → worship (heartfelt)
ukem v. turn → judge oneself harshly
upmakraspu n. face → supplicate+NOM → supplicant
ukawio adj. hope → hopeless
uktianai v. marry → be engaged to
ukumpaiwal v. believe+PASS → want to be believed
ukupla v. explain → be apologetic
ugdungwil v. praise+PASS → seek attention
ugmidgail v. thank+PASS → feel gratitude is due one
uklusit v. try → be eager
ukistendu n. lose → subterfuge+NOM → wily/crafty/devious person

ru-, habitive (habitually X)

rorte v. run → be athletic
rembur v. swim → drown
rimbwa v. use → normally use
rungwâi v. think → be intelligent
rulolmau v. visit → be a regular visitor
rulmo v. steal → be a professional thief
rungata v. sleep → be lazy
rubimbo v. rub → masturbate excessively (derog.)
rumêli v. read → study (a particular subject)
ruwapa v. hit → mismanage
râidai v. need → be hooked on
rungango v. laugh → be insensitive
raitn v. keep → be greedy
rubâre v. have → be accustomed to privilege
rungguko v. deceive → be a liar
rupasto v. attack → be agressive
rukpokpo v. refuse → opt. be stubborn
rudioba v. imagine → be daydreamy
ruposmun v. flee → be cowardly
rugua v. follow → be gullible
risten v. lose → have bad luck
rungkasta v. continue → always make it through
rututu v. amaze → be unpredictable
runumagi v. boast → always be full of shit
retsen v. behave → characteristically be or act (like something or in some manner)
rupiraindu n. plan+NOM → one who has foresight
rugbungialbu n. reward+OPT+PASS+NOM → one who always wants to be rewarded

ol-, reputative/obligative (should X)

oloto v. come → deserve a place, be legitimately included
olnon v. go → need to use the bathroom
olkenau v. ask → need permission for
olkenaun v. ask+PAST → trespass
olnotsn v. die+PAST → survive (a dangerous experience)
oltu v. eat → be starving
oldas v. fight → be a conscripted soldier
olmatn v. know → be expected to know; be responsible for knowing or being an expert on
olngango v. laugh → be serious (in tone)
olaitsu v. promise → be serious (about a relationship)
olerbo v. rest → be exhausted
olina v. see → be blind to
olanta v. stop → do too much

er-, futilitative/approximative (trying to X)

ersab v. drink → choke, have food/water go down the wrong way
erandenam v. breathe → gasp
ernots v. die → seriously sicken; be very or terminally ill
erbambi v. fail → accidentally succeed
ernarno v. cut → do (something, to one's own detriment)
eroto v. come → to work towards, try for
erdas v. fight → be agressive
eralnia v. fly → be insane
eranto v. hear → listen
eruntai n. joke → failed joke
eraula v. love → be impotent
eraitsu v. promise → con, defraud
erwompo v. remember → forget
erambi v. say → babble, ramble
erande v. stand → fall down, be drunk
erembur v. swim → drown
erkeng v. walk → hobble, limp
erimbwa v. use → be clumsy with
eralpau v. make → work on (making something)
erangwâi v. think → confuse (something)
erem v. turn → fail to change (e.g. a bad trait or habit)
ertutu v. amaze → be adequate
erabbwabu n. bloom+NOM → one who never quite gets anywhere

tso-, hyperprobabilitive

tsomebisn v. lack-PAST → be hungry for
tsopirain v. plan-PAST → be successful at
tsetsen v. behave → mimic
tsodgabm v. suffer → deserve pity
tsisten v. lose-PAST → be depressed

Derivations

-lau (place of X)

banailau n. worship → temple, church
tsainglau n. wash → bathroom, toilet room
otolau n. come → destination
emlau n. turn → bend in the road
kaimlau n. study → school
mêlau n. journey → destination
ntalau n. stop → death, funeral
mbilau n. say → auditorium, podium, pulpit
ismalau n. sew → seamstress' shop
ausalau n. sacrifice → altar
erbolau n. rest → sickhouse
kumlau n. repair → repair shop
rolau n. play (instrument) → stage
alpaulau n. make → workshop
wimlau n. live → home, house
ngatlau n. sleep → bed
rantolau n. hear → place where an audience sits/stands
muslau n. grow → place of origin; childhood home
osloklau n. forget → old age
daslau n. fight → battlefield
ainlau n. farm v. → farm
tulau n. eat → table
watslau n. dig → hole (in the ground)
ebrilau n. destroy → ruins
ngguklau n. deceive → marketplace
sigdalau n. corrupt → brothel
tsoblau n. control → office
ablau n. commit crime → crime scene
gonggailau n. break → weak point, achilles' heel
engkalau n. animal → animal den
aindlau n. ashes → dump, trash heap
kilau n. barley → bushel
moslau n. city → large city
simlau n. cloud → sky
mâislau n. cow → pasture
alilau n. fire → hearth, fireplace
mpaislau n. fish → fishing hole
wenlau n. herb → garden
mulau n. ice → the Northern Mountains
salau n. meat → butcher's shop
ntindolau n. metal → smithy
wismalau n. mud → swamp
pailbelau n. sand → beach
gaidlau n. rabbit → rabbit warren
nakaimelau n. soothsaying → fortune-teller's shop
bamborlau n. strength → capital city
ospaklau n. throne → palace, castle
ongiulau n. guess → courtroom, trial (deprecative)
sungiarlau n. help → sanctuary
pirainlau n. plan → conference room
susilau n. record → archive
dimbanglau n. store → closet, storage room
semalau n. wait → line, queue
kumbalau n. waste → outhouse, cesspit
nagebilau n. work → workplace
tautsilau n. bend → crease
nailinlau n. judge → courtroom (formal)
eskidnalau n. cook → kitchen
kimpalau n. complain → tavern, watering hole
meselau n. meet → meeting place

-bu, agentive/patientive

kendu n. ask → skeptic
untsibu n. blow → cloud
otobu n. come → event
abâbu n. commit crime → criminal
mondubu n. count/measure → accountant, manager
notsabu n. die v.erg. → corpse
ebribu n. destroy → one who destroys
sompispu n. defeat → battle leader
nggukobu n. deceive → liar
watsabu n. dig → beggar
daspu n. fight → warrior
aipu n. freeze v.erg. → frost
muspu n. grow v.erg. → penis
bârbu n. have/possess → owner
rantobu n. hear → audience
bwenggorbu n. honor → pilgrim, grave visitor
randelbu n. hurry v.erg. → runner
desmogbu n. hunt → hunter
untaibu n. joke → comedian
mêbu n. journey → traveler
aitnabu n. keep → a (material) possession
engkubu n. kill → murderer
matnabu n. know → wise man, sage
balbu n. lie down v.erg. → sick person
tsinbu n. like → boyfriend, girlfriend, lover
alpaubu n. make → creator, inventor
robu n. play an instrument → musician
bespibu n. punish → slavemaster
ngadbu n. sleep v.erg. → sleeping person
mbîbwebu n. sing → singer
aulmobu n. steal → thief
kaimbu n. study → student
ngwâibu n. think/believe → believer, follower
imbwabu n. use v.erg. → instrument, tool
banaibu n. worship v.erg. → prophet
lewalpaubu n. write → writer, poet
urubu n. cure → doctor
sidespu n. jump → frog
bungiabu n. bless → priest
nugatspu n. trade → trader
nagebibu n. work → laborer
gondagbu n. dream → dreamer, mystical person, prophet
lusidbu n. try → failure
eskidnabu n. cook → a cook
nailindu n. judge → a judge
aisibu n. color → artist, painter
lektabu n. collect → hobbyist, collector
kimpalbu n. complain → woman who complains too much; shrew
wisaibu n. yell → someone easily angered
budnabu n. listen → a spy
pilaibu n. send → messenger

See also