Aysuchi Meshi/Lexicon

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Unless otherwise noted, "morphology" gives the suffixing form (with hyphen) or infixing atelic (otherwise) for verbs, and the plural for irregular nouns.

Word Morphology Type Gloss Etymology
agem n tea PH ʔankem
aku n base, source
alpe alpeyi v build PEV *alpuj
Altaba top Lasomo early NA ɒltsɒbɒ
am conj and
anar n child of woman in clan (nibling or cross cousin)
ashe akashe n horse PH akešeʔ
aswun n ethnicity, nation PH ʔaskʷun
at n hill
awkwai n monument NT âukwai "sculpture"
ays v talk to (tr.) *ʔijs, *ʔijz
bad adj decadent NT bad "cultured"
bat # one *pat
bawset n female initiation *puwsg-mEt
bawshis n male initiation *puwsg-sits
beyu adj pure *puj-ʔu
buru n encampment; stronghold
bwi bwimi n worm PEV *blIŋ
bwur bwer v seize, take
chak n ritual PEV *t(s)rak
chayr n resin, amber PEV *tja̤jr
ches cheyis n, v fire; burn (intr.) *drujθ
chi prep for; for the purpose of; benefactive marker
chik chayk v do, make *dik
chim n rope, cord *tsimp(-ga) "twist"
chima n large quantity *d(l)en-?, *d(l)ajn-?
Dak n Ndak NT Ndak
deb deyib v marry (tr.) *tlujb
des n wife *tlujsb S-grade of "marry"
dwa n meat PEV *d(z)wa
fwin fwayin v fly *gwent
fwina n bird PEV *kwint-as < PEI *gwent
fwul fwel v treat kindly PEV *kwul
fwuse adj beautiful PH qʷuse- "likeable"
gar adj good *kard(z), *karg
gas part negative marker PEV *gas
gayb v eat *kijb
gaw n road NT gau
gi det what, which (int.) *kej
gid gayd v strike *kid
ginig n iron Gez. ginig
gise giseyi v defecate *kI(t)s-uj, *kI(d)z-uj
git part reflexive marker *kit
gwun n, adj bravery; fierce, brave *klOn(-ʔa) "guts(-ADJ)"
il prep of; genitive marker
in det this (prox.)
ini n child (person not yet of age)
ji prep from; ablative marker PEV *d(z)I
jil jilchil n chief, ruler *trelk
jun n, adj north *tjUn(t) "left hand"
ka n cow PH qa
kan v flow *gand N-grade of "flow, float"
kana n war Ant. kanā
kas n stream, creek *gasd S-grade of "flow, float"
Kasad top Kasca Ng. Kasdgad
kawda n granddaughter (man's son's daughter), brother's son's daughter
kawdi n grandson (man's son's son), brother's son's son
kaws n patrilineage, clan *guwsd S-grade of "descend"
kaym v learn, know *gajm
kayr n spirit (supernatural being) *gijr
ke keyi v kill *guj
ked n younger brother/parallel cousin *gewd
kenwa n scribe Ng. kenla
kene n bard, storyteller PH qense
kesh n anvil Gez. keːx
Keyalda top Akelodo early NA Ŋkeɒldɒd
ki adj great *gi
kikaw n tribe, group of clans *gi-guwsd
kimam n paternal grandmother
kipad n paternal grandfather *gi-bad
kug n jar, pot *gUg
kulun n, top steppe; the Eiwəl Gourun PH qułun
kwe n air PEV *kluŋ
kwir n goat NT kwir < Far. xoir
lach n country NT lats
li n song *li
lip adj black PEV *layp
luken n saddle PH luken "seat"
magi n maternal uncle/grandfather, man in mother's clan
makad n bronze Gez. makhad
mam n mother, maternal aunt, woman in mother's clan
met n woman *mEt
mi det that (dist.)
mifwan n paternal ancestor PH umikʷan-a
mig adj angry *meg
min n son (of a man), brother's son *min
mul adj stupid *mul, *mawl
mun adj weak *mun
mus prep at; locative marker *maws "house"
nak n god PEV *naka
nakes n slave Ant. náktes
nape n tribute Ant. nápē
ni part that; relativiser and complementiser
nis n milk PEV *nIs
niz v walk PEV *nayz
nus n, v flood (intr.) PEV *nus
nyaz nyad- n, v fight (tr.) *njadz(-ga)
pad n father *bad
pada padada n senior paternal uncle
padwu padadwu n junior paternal uncle
pir n elder brother/parallel cousin
pis v form, shape (intr. or tr.)
pyis n calf (of leg) PEV *priθ
rag n stone
rakwa n, v game (especially of chance); gamble
Recham top the Rathedān Gez. Reːtsom
rima n stir-fry
ris n word PEV *rays
sanu n village
sar n sister/parallel cousin *θar
sarpa n paternal aunt
saz part reciprocal marker
ser n water PEV *sujr
shi n, adj holiness; holy *siŋ
shis n man *sits
shuz shez v cut PEV *sjUð
siz adj large *θidz
sur n tree *θur, *θawr
sud adj round *sud(-ʔa)
swu adj dishonoured; worthless PEV *θlU
tachan adj solemn PH tatšan
tal v think *d(z)alg, *tsalg
tan n custom, tradition PEV *tsan
taw n, v number; count PEV *tsa̤w
Tawfwe top Thabīa PH Taʔuqʷuʔe
tekag n boundary; fence Ant. tehkāg "stones"
tep n cheese
tes n lake, sea *tsujθ
tu adj dry *tu-ʔa
tum n story, ballad *dlum
tur # two *tsurn
tus adj red *dzusn
twa n gold *tswa
twi n, adj heat; hot PEV *t(s)wI
twuz n hand PEV *t(s)wuz
udai n salt NT odai
unu n shaman
vas n meal, food PEV *was
usak n capital; centre of power NT ospák "throne"
wesaw n sword Gez. wesau
wi wayi v give birth to (tr.) PEV *ŋwaj
yun n thigh PEV *jUn
yus n music PEV *jUs
za prep to; dative/locative marker *za
zak n daughter (of a man), brother's daughter
zami n child (immediate descendant within clan)
zan v decide, judge *zant
zar zary- v move swiftly *ðarj (? R-grade of) "dance"
zasa adj worthy, fitting
zazar n grace, speed *ða~ðarj(-ga) reduplicated grade of *ðarj "dance"
zhin n thought; spirit (of a being) PEV *zIn
zum zem v eat PEV *zUm
zus n personal honour PEV *ðUθ
zwama n city Gez. gwaːmɔ "fortification"
zway v hold; own
zwip prep with; instrumental marker
zwir adj bright *zwir(t/ts/k)