User:Zhen Lin/Vylessa

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Phonology

Consonants

labial dental alveolar velar glottal
stops nasal m n [ŋ]
voiced b d d͡z ɡ
unvoiced p t k
aspirated
trills r
fricatives ʍ s h
approximants l [ɹ] (ɦ)
semivowels w
  • /h ʍ/ only appeared in initial position.
  • /ɦ/ was a marginal phoneme, and was probably pronounced as [ʔ], if at all. It is posited for mostly morphophonological reasons.
  • /ɡ/ was pronounced [ŋ] when followed by /n/. /n/ was pronounced [ŋ] when followed by /k kʰ ɡ/.
  • /r/ was pronounced [ɹ] in syllable-final position and before other consonants.
  • /m n/ were not distinguished in syllable-final position (except in the combination /mn/): [m] before labial consonants, [ŋ] before velar consonants, and [n] in all other cases.
  • Only /n r s/ and vowels appeared in word-final position; all other consonants were elided.

Vowels

front central back
close i iː ʉ ʉː
near-close
close-mid
mid e o
open-mid ɛː ɔː
near-open
open a aː
front central back
close y yː
near-close
close-mid eʊ̯ oɪ̯
mid
open-mid ɛːɪ̯ ɛːʊ̯ ɔːɪ̯ ɔːʊ̯
near-open
open aɪ̯ aːɪ̯ aʊ̯ aːʊ̯

Syllabification and timing

A syllable, in Vylessa, comprised a vocalic nucleus with an optional onset and coda. Onsets could consist of up to three consonants, and codas could in exceptional cases have two consonants. In both onsets and codas, /s/ necessarily appeared in the most complex clusters - i.e. in a three-consonant onset, the first consonant must have been an /s/, and in a two-consonant coda, the last consonant must have been an /s/. A syllable without a coda is called open, and a syllable with a coda is called closed.

A consonant followed by an onset glide was almost always counted as part of the same onset. Similarly, /s/ followed by an onset plosive was usually counted as part of the onset.

The metric structure of a Vylessa word was of great importance, at least in the Epic era of poetic literature. In essence, a syllable could either be light (kruirí) or heavy (ábretri): a light syllable was an open syllable with a short vowel; any other kind of syllable was considered heavy.

It seems reasonably safe to assume that actual spoken Vylessa distinguished between closed syllables containing short and long monophthongs and diphthongs, but it appears that the distinction was not of metrical significance. (But note that the case for distinguishing short and long diphthongs is more tenuous.)

Accentuation

Vylessa had pitch accent. Every (content) word was accented on one of its final three syllables (final two if the last syllable was heavy). There were two kinds of accented syllable — acute, which was the most common, and circumflex, which could only occur in syllables containing a long vowel or diphthong.

Accentuation was lexically determined and distinctive: c.f. gýtēs (forest-TOP) vs gytḗs (forest-GEN), kyrā́s (this-SG-GEN) vs kyrâs (this-PL-GEN) . Most words were recessively accented, i.e. accented on the earliest legal syllable, but some endings had dominant accentuation and were accented on the last syllable. Diachronic analysis has revealed that irregular accent placement, in most cases, arises from the presence of an aspirated consonant. For example, the essive ending -thé was always accented, as were many forms of agentive nouns derived using the formant -erá (< PPI *-ar-xa).

Morphophonological alternation

We identify at least two kinds of vowel lengthening in Vylessa, tabulated below:

short I long II long notes
/i/ /iː/ /eː/ /eː/ as the lengthened form of /i/ was rare.
/e/ /ɛː/ /eː/
/a/ /ɛː/ /aː/ Original /aː/ was raised to /ɛː/ except in certain environments, e.g. when part of a diphthong or when after /r/.
/o/ /ɔː/ /oː/
/ʉ/ /ʉː/ /oː/ /oː/ as the lengthened form of /ʉ/ was rare.

Palatalisation also occurred:

plain /p/ /pʰ/ /b/ /m/ /t k/ /tʰ kʰ/ /d ɡ/ /n ŋ/
palatalised /pt/ /pʰtʰ/ /dz/ /n/ /ss/ /ss/ /dz/ /n/

In some cases, a palatal offglide /ɪ̯/ was ejected into the preceding syllable.

Nominal morphosyntax

Cases

Most nouns were marked for eight cases: direct, oblique, accusative, partitive, genitive, dative, ablative, and essive. Additionally, certain locative nouns and nominal adverbs could be marked for the circumstantial, allative, and locative-genitive cases.

All common nouns and some proper nouns also had a topical case. The evidence suggests that this case developed in the late Epic era, when the /s/ of the definite pronoun fused on to the end of the noun in the direct case. The true case marker and topic markers, being clitics, instead fused on to the definite pronoun. As such, in Classical Vylessa, a noun in the topical case was always followed by the definite pronoun with the -mē enclitic (possibly with an infixed postposition).

A similar phenomenon is observed for genitive nouns: a noun in the genitive was necessarily followed by the definite article, but unlike the topical case, the definite article was associated with the following noun (i.e. the head of the genitive phrase) rather than the preceding noun. (A definite pronoun could be substituted for the article if the referrent were implicit.)

Pronouns

1sg. 1du. 1pl. 2sg. 2du. 2pl. prox. sg. prox. pl. dist. sg. dist. pl def. def.-top.
dir. výdrē výgre vȳ́ar narḗ naré nêr kýrē kýar sérē sêr hýmē
obl. vydrê výgrā vȳ́ara narê narê nêra kyrê kýara serê sêra hýa
acc. výdrā́n vygrân vȳéron narā́n narôn narón kýrā́n kyrón serā́n serón hýon hyómmē
part. vydrā́n vygréon vyrôn narā́n naréon narôn kyrā́n kyrôn serā́n serôn hýon hyómmē
gen. vydrā́s vygrâs vyrâs narā́s narês narâs kyrā́s kyrâs serā́s serâs hyeis hyémmē
dat. vydrēî výgrei výrai narēî nareí naraí kyrēî kýrai serēî sérai huî huímē
abl. vydreló výgrelo vyérlo nareló nérelo nḗrlo kyreló kyérlo sereló sḗrlo hýlo hylýmē
ess. vydrēthé vygrethé vyrathé narēthé narethé narathé kyrēthé kyrathé serēthé serathé hythé hythémē

Verbal morphosyntax

Sample

Declension

fish fruit man forest 1sg 2sg def.top.
sg. col. sg. col. sg. col. sg. col.
dir. fík.se
fíxe
fik.sé.ar
fíksêr
súm.nip
hýmni
sum.ni.phár
hymniphér
wó.ten
vóten
wo.tén.ar
votḗnar
ŋú.tā
gýtē
ŋu.ta.ár
gytḗr
vú.ǰřē
výdrē
na.řhḗ
narḗ
sú.mā
hýmē
obl. fík.se.a
fíxē
fik.se.á.rha
fixḗra
súm.ni.pa
hýmnipa
sum.ni.phá.rha
hymniphéra
wó.te.na
vótena
wo.tén.a.ra
votḗnara
ŋu.tā́.a
gytê
ŋu.ta.á.rha
gytḗra
vu.ǰřé.a
vydrê
nā.řé.a
nērê
top. fík.se_s
fíxes
fík.se.ar_s
fíksēr
súm.nip_s
hýmnips
sum.ni.phár_s
hymníphḗr
wó.ten_s
vóteis
wo.tén.ar_s
votḗnēr
ŋú.tā_s
gýtēs
ŋu.ta.ár_s
gytḗr
acc. fik.sá.am
fixên
fik.se.rhóm
fixerón
sum.ní.pom
hymnípon
sum.ni.phá.rom
hymniphéron
wo.té.nom
voténon
wo.ten.á.rom
votēnéron
ŋu.ta.ám
gytḗn
ŋu.ta.á.rhom
gytḗron
vu.ǰře.ám
výdrā́n
na.řhe.ám
narā́n
su.wóm.mā
hyómmē
part. fik.sé.uŋ
fixeûn
fik.se.rhá.oŋ
fixerôn
sum.ní.poŋ
hymnípon
sum.ni.phrá.oŋ
hymniphrôn
wo.té.noŋ
voténon
wo.ten.rá.oŋ
votendrôn
ŋu.ta.áŋ
gytḗn
ŋu.tā.rhá.oŋ
gytērôn
vu.ǰre.áŋ
výdrā́n
na.řhe.áŋ
narā́n
su.óŋ.mā
hyómmē
gen. fik.sé.en_s
fixês
fik.se.rhá.en_s
fixerâs
sum.ní.pen_s
hymnípeis
sum.ni.phrá.en_s
hymniphrâs
wo.té.nen_s
voténeis
wo.ten.rá.en_s
votendrâs
ŋu.ta.án_s
gytḗs
ŋu.tā.rhá.en_s
gytērâs
vu.ǰře.án_s
vydrā́s
na.řhe.án_s
narā́s
su.én.mā
hyémmē
dat. fík.se.ŋi
fíxei
fik.sé.rha.ŋi
fixérai
sum.níp.ŋi
hymnī́pi
sum.ni.phrá.ŋi
hymniphraî
wo.téŋ.ŋi
voténgi
wo.tén.ra.ŋi
voténdrai
ŋu.tā́.ŋi
gytāî
ŋu.tā.rhá.ŋi
gytēraî
vu.ǰřḗ.ŋi
vydrēî
nāŋi
nāî
su.ŋí.mā
huímē
abl. fík.se.lo
fíxelo
fik.se.ár.lo
fixḗrlo
sum.níp.lo
hymníplo
sum.ni.phár.lo
hymniphérlo
wo.tél.lo
votéllo
wo.ten.ár.lo
votēnérlo
ŋu.tā.lhó
gytēló
ŋu.tā.ár.lo
gytḗrlo
vu.ǰře.lhó
vydreló
na.řhe.lhó
nareló
su.lú.mā
hylýmē
ess. fik.se.thé
fixethé
fik.se.rha.thé
fixerathé
sum.niph.thé
hymniphthé
sum.ni.phra.thé
hymniphrathé
wo.ten.thé
votenthé
wo.ten.ra.thé
votendrathé
ŋu.tā.thé
gytēthé
ŋu.tā.rha.thé
gytērathé
vu.ǰřē.thé
vydrēthé
na.řhē.thé
narēthé
su.thé.mā
hythémē

Conjugation

active accusative reflexive causative potential anticausative
pres. ká.te.r-o, -i, -e
káter-o, -i, -e
ka.te.rip.s-ó, -í, -é
katerips-ó, -í, -é
ka.tér.ra.s-o, -i, -e
katérr-ō, -ai, -ē
ka.tē.rhá.s-o, -i, -e
katēr-ô, -aî, -ê
ka.tér.l-ō, -ei, -ā
katérl-ō, -ei, ē
ka.te.rár.l-o, -i, -e
katerárl-o, -i, -e
aor. ka.te.ri.skh-ó, -í, -á
kateriskh-ó, -í, -á
ka.te.rip.skh-ó, -í, -á
kateripskh-ó, -í, -á
ka.ter.ra.skh-ó, -í, -á
katerraskh-ó, -í, -á
ka.tē.rha.skh-ó, -í, -á
katēraskh-ó, -í, -á
ka.ter.le.skh-ó, -í, -á
katerleskh-ó, -í, -á
ka.te.rar.la.skh-ó, -í, -á
katerarlaskh-ó, -í, -á
pf. ka.te.ra.vie.ro, ri, re
kateráver-o, -i, -e
ka.te.ra.vie.rip.s-ó, -í, -é
kateraverips-ó, -í, -é
ka.te.ra.viér.ra.s-o, -i, -e
kateravérr-ō, -ai, -ē
ka.te.ra.viē.rhá.s-o, -i, -e
kateravēr-ô, -aî, -ê
ka.te.ra.viér.l-ō, -ei, -ā
kateravérl-ō, -ei, ē
ka.te.ra.vie.rár.l-o, -i, -e
kateraverarl-o, -i, -e
plupf. ka.té.ra.d-o, -i, -e
katérad-o, -i, -e
ka.te.ra.dip.s-ó, -í, -é
kateradips-ó, -í, -é
ka.te.rá.dra.s-o, -i, -e
katerédr-ō, -ai, -ē
ka.te.ra.thá.s-o, -i, -e
katerath-ô, -aî, -ê
ka.te.rál.l-ō, -ei, -ā
kateráll-ō, -ei, -ē
ka.te.ra.dár.l-o, -i, -e
kateradérl-o, -i, -e
prog. ka.te.ra.ǰe.-ó, -í, -á
kateraz-ṓ, -eí, -ḗ
ka.te.rá.ǰe.ip.s-ó, -í, -é
katerazeips-ó, -í, -é
ka.te.ra.ǰe.rhá.s-o, -i, -e
katerazer-ô, -aî, -ê
ka.te.ra.ǰē.á.s-o, -i, -e
kateraze-ô, -aî, -â
ka.te.ra.ǰe.lh-ṓ, -eí, -ā́
katerazel-ṓ, -eí, ḗ
ka.te.ra.ǰe.ár.l-o, -i, -e
katerazḗl-o, -i, -e
impf. ka.te.ra.ǰē.skh-ó, -í, -á
katerazēskh-ó, -í, -á
ka.te.ra.ǰe.ip.skh-ó, -í, -á
katerazeipskh-ó, -í, -á
ka.te.ra.ǰe.rha.skh-ó, -í, -á
katerazeraskh-ó, -í, -á
ka.te.ra.ǰē.a.skh-ó, -í, -á
katerazēskh-ó, -í, -á
ka.te.ra.ǰe.lhe.skh-ó, -í, -á
katerazeleskh-ó, -í, -á
ka.te.ra.ǰe.ar.la.skh-ó, -í, -á
katerazērlaskh-ó, -í, -á


active accusative reflexive causative potential anticausative
pres. thui.ř-o, -i, -e
thuír-o, -i, -e
thu.ri.ip.s-ó, -í, -é
thyrīps-ó, -í, -é
thui.řór.s-o, -i, -e
thyrôr-o, -i, -e
thu.řés.s-o, -i, -e
thyréss-o, -i, -e
thu.rí.l-ō, -ei, -ā
thyríl-ō, -ei, ē
thu.rír.l-o, -i, -e
thyrírl-o, -i, -e
aor. thu.ri.skh-ó, -í, -á
thyriskh-ó, -í, -á
thu.ri.ip.skh-ó, -í, -á
thyrīpskh-ó, -í, -á
thui.řor.skh-ó, -í, -á
thuirōskh-ó, -í, -á
thu.řes.si.skh-ó, -í, -á
thyressiskh-ó, -í, -á
thu.ri.le.skh-ó, -í, -á
thyrileskh-ó, -í, -á
thu.rir.la.skh-ó, -í, -á
thyrirlaskh-ó, -í, -á
pf. to.thui.ř-o, -i, -e
tothuír-o, -i, -e
to.thu.ri.ip.s-ó, -í, -é
tothyrīps-ó, -í, -é
to.thui.řór.s-o, -i, -e
tothuirôr-o, -i, -e
to.thu.řés.s-o, -i, -e
tothyréss-o, -i, -e
to.thu.rí.l-ō, -ei, -ā
tothyríl-ō, -ei, -ē
to.thu.rír.l-o, -i, -e
tothyrírl-o, -i, -e
plupf. thu.ri.čh-ó, -í, -é
thyriss-ó, -í, -é
thu.ri.čip.s-ó, -í, -é
thyrissips-ó, -í, -é
thu.ri.thrá.s-o, -i, -e
thyrithr-ô, -aî, -ê
thu.ri.the.á.so, -i, -e
thyrith-ô, -āî, -ê
thu.ri.thl-ṓ, -eí, -ā́
thyrithl-ṓ, -eí, -ḗ
thu.ri.thár.l-o, -i, -e
thyrithérl-o, -i, -e
prog. thu.rín.ǰe.-o, -i, -a
thyrîz-ō, -ei, -ē
thu.rin.ǰe.ip.s-ó, -í, -é
thyrīzeips-ó, -í, -é
thu.rin.ǰe.rhá.s-o, -i, -e
thyrīzer-ô, -aî, -ê
thu.rin.ǰē.á.s-o, -i, -e
thyrīze-ô, -aî, -â
thu.rin.ǰe.lh-ṓ, eí, -ā́
thyrīzel-ṓ, -eí, -ḗ
thu.rin.ǰe.ár.l-o, -i, -e
thyrīzḗl-o, -i, -e
impf. thu.rin.ǰē.skh-ó, -í, -á
thyrīzēskh-ó, -í, -á
thu.rin.ǰe.ip.skh-ó, -í, -á
thyrīzeipskh-ó, -í, -á
thu.rin.ǰe.rha.skh-ó, -í, -á
thyrīzeraskh-ó, -í, -á
thu.rin.ǰē.a.skh-ó, -í, -á
thyrīzēskh-ó, -í, -á
thu.rin.ǰe.lhe.skh-ó, -í, -á
thyrīzeleskh-ó, -í, -á
thu.rin.ǰe.ar.la.skh-ó, -í, -á
thyrīzērlaskh-ó, -í, -á


active accusative reflexive causative potential anticausative
pres. fér.n-ō, -ei, -ē
férn-ō, -ei, -ē
fer.neip.s-ó, -í, -é
ferneips-ó, -í, -é
fer.nṓr.s-o, -i, -e
fernôr-o, -i, -e
fer.nás.s-o, -i, -e
fernáss-o, -i, -e
fer.né.l-ō, -ei, -ā
fernél-ō, -ei, -ē
fer.nér.l-o, -i, -e
fernérl-o, -i, -e
aor. fer.ne.skh-ó, -í, -á
ferneskh-ó, -í, -á
fer.neip.skh-ó, -í, -á
ferneipskh-ó,-í, -á
fer.nōr.skh-ó, -í, -á
fernōskh-ó, -í, -á
fer.nas.si.skh-ó
fernassiskh-ó, -í, -á
fer.ne.le.skh-ó, -í, -á
ferneleskh-ó, -í, -á
fer.ner.la.skh-ó, -í, -á
fernerlaskh-ó, -í, -á
pf. fo.fér.n-ō, -ei, -ē
fovérn-ō, -ei, -ē
fo.fer.neip.s-ó, -í, -é
foverneips-ó, -í, -é
fo.fer.nṓr.s-o, -i, -e
fovernôr-o, -i, -e
fo.fer.nas.s-ó, -í, -é
fovernass-ó, -í, -é
fo.fer.né.l-ō, -ei, -ā
fovernél-ō, -ei, -ē
fo.fer.nér.l-o, -i, -e
fovernérl-o, -i, -e
plupf. fer.né.-u.yo, -wī, -u.ye
fern-eûvo, -évī, -eûve
fer.ne.wīp.s-ó, -í, -é
fernevīps-ó, -í, -é
fer.ne.wír.s-o, -i, -e
ferneveîr-o, -i, -e
fer.ne.oi.yá.s-o, -i, -e
fernōi-ô, -aî, -ê
fer.ne.oí.l-ō, -ei, -ā
fernōíl-ō, -ei, -ē
fer.ne.wír.l-o, -i, -e
fernevírl-o, -i, -e
prog. fer.n-ā.lū, -ā.loi, -āł.wo
fern-ḗlȳ, -ḗloi, -āûlo
fer.nāł.wip.s-ó, -í, -é
fernāulips-ó, -í, -é
fer.nā.lúr.s-o, -i, -e
fernēloûr-o, -i, -e
fer.nāł.wós.s-o, -i, -e
fernāulóss-o, -i, -e
fer.nā.lú.l-ō, -ei, -ā
fernēlýl-ō, -ei, ē
fer.nā.lúr.l-o, -i, -e
fernēlýrl-o, -i, -e
impf. fer.nā.lu.skh-ó, -í, -á
fernēlyskh-ó, -í, -á
fer.nāł.wip.skh-ó, -í, -á
fernāulipskh-ó, -í, -á
fer.nā.lur.skh-ó, -í, -á
fernēlouskh-ó, -í, -á
fer.nāł.wos.si.skh-ó, -í, -á
fernāulossiskh-ó, -í, -á
fer.nā.lu.le.skh-ó, -í, -á
fernēlyleskh-ó, -í, -á
fer.nā.lur.la.skh-ó, -í, -á
fernēlyrlaskh-ó, -í, -á

The fisherman and the fish

(tentative)

árro phī́nī, thuirerá lerysthó hynḗnī phíōn hyméon thyrīzēskēkhôte títiri mḗ fixên mḗ thyrithlṓ.

fíxes hýmē iktṓ katériskho. “thuirerá lḗ, vydrḗmē títiri mḗ fixethé mḗ áveri. léros hynī́mē kakḗreri fíxe plê ávī lḗ. vúon fernassḗmē, kērembrílei makhḗ? kērembriúvemē ábyni ommombérlei makhḗ? térilo, oumernásse akuísse!”

thuirerás hýmē rhāínen mīradēkhó iktṓ katériskho. “anamnḗ, fíxe lḗ. narḗmē imónī tenkaphéri. oumernassḗmē lā́ni onthyrílēkhi mḗ zadílei. térilo, narā́n fernássēkhi mḗ tassí.”


arːo pʰiːniː | tʰyːrera lerʉstʰo hʉnɛːniː pʰiːon hʉmeon tʰʉriːd͡zɛːskɛːkʰɔːte titiri mɛː ʍiksɛːn tʰʉritʰlɔː ‖

ʍikses hʉmɛː iktɔː kateriskʰo ‖ tʰyːrera lɛː | ɦʉdrɛːmɛː titiri mɛː ʍiksetʰe mɛː aweri ‖ leros hʉniːmɛː kakɛːreri ʍikse plɛː awiː ‖ ɦuon ʍeɹnasːɛːmɛː | kɛːrembrileː makʰɛː ‖ kɛːrembriuwemɛː abʉni ommomberleː makʰɛː ‖ terilo | oːmernasːe akysse ‖

tʰyːreras hʉmɛː r̥aːɪnen miːradɛːkʰo iktɔː kateriskʰo ‖ anamnɛː | ʍikse lɛː ‖ narɛːmɛː imoniː teŋkapʰeri ‖ oːmernassɛːmɛː laːni ontʰʉrilɛːkʰi mɛː zadileː ‖ terilo | naraːn fernassɛːkʰi mɛː tasːi ‖


ar-r-o phī-nī, thuirera lerys-tho hynē-nī phī-on hymej-on thyrī-zēskh-ēkh-o=ate titi-r-i mē fixa-an mē thyri-th-l-ō.

fixe-s hy-mē ikt-ō kater-iskh-o. “thuirera lē, vydrē=mē titi-r-i mē fixe-the mē aver-i. lero-s hy-nī-mē kakēre-r-i fixe plē avi-i lē. vu-on ferna-ss-ē-mē, kērembri-l-ei ma-khē? kērembri-uv-e-mē abyn-i om-momber-le-i ma-khē? terilo, om-verna-ss-e aku‹i›ss-e!”

thuirera-s hy-mē rhā-inen mīr-ad-ēkh-o ikt-ō kater-iskh-o. “anamnē, fixe lē. narē=mē imo-nī tenkapher-i. om-verna-ss-ē-mē lān-i on-thyri-l-ēkh-i mḗ zadi-l-ei. terilo, nare-an ferna-ss-ēkh-i mḗ tass-i.”


be-PTCP-EVT day-CIRC, fisherman sea-LOC.GEN beach-CIRC day-PART whole-PART fish-IMPF-GER-EVT=INST small-PTCP-STA NEG fish-ACC NEG fish-PLUPF-POT-EVT.

fish-TOP DEF-TOP thus-EVT speak-AOR-EVT. fisherman VOC, 1SG=TOP small-PTCP-STA NEG fish-ESS NEG be-STA. sea-TOP DEF-CIRC-TOP fish many live-STA EXCL. 1SG-ACC return-CAUS-COND-TOP, become.bigger-POT-EVT NEG-QU? grow.big-PLUPF-COND-TOP good-STA ACC-eat-POT-STA NEG-QU? therefore, ACC-return-CAUS-SBJV give-IMP.

fisherman-TOP DEF-TOP sky-ALLAT look-PLUPF-EVT thus-EVT speak-AOR-EVT. no, fish VOC. 2SG=TOP now-CIRC be.caught-STA. ACC-return-CAUS-COND-TOP again-STA ACC-fish-POT-GER-STA NEG become-POT-STA. therefore, 2SG-ACC return-CAUS-GER-STA NEG do-STA.


ἄρρο φινι, θυιρερά λερυσθό ὑνήνι φίων ὑμέον θυριζησκηχῶτε τίτιρι μή ἱξῆν μή θυριθλώ.

ἵξες ὕμη ἰκτώ κατέρισχο. «θυιρερά λή, ὐδρήμη τίτιρι μή ἱξεθέ μή ἄερι. λερος ὑνίμη κακηρερι ἵξε πλῆ ἄι λη. ὔον ἑρνασσήμη, κηρεμβρίλει μαχή; κηρεμβριύεμη ἄβυνι ομμομβερλει μαχή; τέριλο, οὐμερνάσσε ακυἰσσε!»

θυιρεράς ὕμη ῥᾴνεν μιραδηχό ἰκτώ κατέρισχο. «ἀναμνή, ἵξε λή. ναρήμη ἱμόνι τενκαφέρι. οὐμερνασσήμη λάνι ονθυρίληχι μή ζαδίλει. τέριλο, ναράν ἑρνάσσηχι μή τασσί.»

See also