From AkanaWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
To Be Continued...
Caleone is still working on this article. The contents are incomplete and likely to undergo changes.
Asséte, Ędatę let Šete
[a.ˈsːe.te], [ẽ.ˈda.tẽ ˈlet ˈɕe.te]
Period c. 0 YP
Spoken in Northwestern Tuysáfa,
Coastal Northeastern Bay, the Heneššéme Basin
Total speakers unknown
Writing system unknown
Classification T1 languages
  Northeastern Bay
Basic word order V2
Morphology Largely Fusional with some Synthetic Elements
Alignment NOM-ACC
Created by Caleone

Asséta, also known as Great River Asséta, is a language spoken around 0 YP in the Heneššéme Basin region by the Fareveme peoples, the main descendants of the Northeastern Bay peoples who evolved along the coastlines of the Northeastern Bay and a descendant of the Northeastern Bay Language. As such this language is related to the other T1 languages including Black River Aséta, West Yalan, East Yalan, Omari, Teyetáti, Hkətl’ohnim, and Tumetıęk.



front back
high i ĩ u ũ
mid e ẽ o õ
mid-low ɛ ɛ̃ ɔ ɔ̃
low a ã
  • /ɛ ɔ/ are transcribed ê ô
  • Nasal vowels are written with an ogonek, e.g. /ẽ ɛ̃/ = ę ę̂


Asséta contains a fairly large consonant inventory with distinctions between geminate, voiceless and voiced consonants, where all nasals, plosives and fricatives can be geminated.

labial alveolar palatal retroflex velar glottal
nasal m n ɲ ɳ ŋ
plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ k ɡ
fricative f v s z ɕ ʑ ʂ ʐ h
affricate ts dz tɕ dʑ ʈʂ ɖʐ
liquid l ɻ ɭ
glide w j
  • /ɲ ɳ ŋ/ are transcribed ñ ṇ ng
  • /ʈ ɖ/ are transcribed ṭ ḍ
  • /ts dz tɕ dʑ ʈʂ ɖʐ/ are transcribed c x č j c̣ x̣
  • /ɕ ʑ s ʐ/ are transcribed š ž ṣ ẓ
  • /ɻ ɭ j/ are transcribed r ł y
  • geminate consonants are written doubled, e.g. /tː/ = tt


Asséta is a stress-timed language, with higher weight given to stressed syllables. That is, there is a noticeable length and quality difference in stressed syllables, being spoken at a higher pitch than the unstressed vowels.


Syllable Structure

The maximal syllable structure in Asséta is (C)(w, j, ɻ)V(C) where C = any consonant and V = any vowel. The typical syllable however tends toward V & CV structures.

Allowed Clusters

Nominal Morphology

Nominals fall into three categories that are morphologically distinct: pronouns, true nouns, and adjectives.

True Nouns

True nouns are divided into three categories: animate, inanimate, and collective. Outside of collective nouns true nouns decline for plurality and all nouns decline for case and definiteness.


Asseta marks plurality with a prefix with separate forms for whether the proceeding sound is a consonant or a vowel. There are some exceptions to this, generally nouns with intial /w j/ will take the _V form in the plural (e.g. wáye son is nwáye sons; children, not nuwáye as would be expected).

singular plural
_V w- n-
_C o- nu-

Case and Definiteness

Asseta nouns decline for case and definiteness with a total of three cases and two states of definiteness.

Indefinite Definite
Nominative -e Marks the subject of a clause.
Accusative -es -is Marks the direct object of a transitive clause.
Oblique Marks secondary objects as well as the possessor in possessive clauses.


Noun Phrases


1. 11. nónȇ
2. nes 12. nesánȇ 20. néna
3. a 13. ánȇ 30. éna
4. kap 14. kapánȇ 40. kána
5. 15. rénȇ 50. réna
6. tak 16. takánȇ 60. tąga
7. muw 17. muwánȇ 70. múra
8. 18. hénȇ 80. héna
9. oyá 19. lánȇ 90. óra
10. néta 100. aneténa
1000. nóma

Basic Clauses

Relative Clauses

Comparatives & Superlatives


Yes-No Questions

Content Questions