Rrób Tè Jĕhnò/Lexicon

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The following is a lexicon of Rrób Tè Jĕhnò. The "irregular forms" column lists the construct state form of a noun or the attributive form of a verb when they do not conform to the morphological patterns presented in the grammar.

Part of Speech Abbreviations:

  • adv. - adverb
  • conj. - conjunction
  • dem. - demonstrative
  • int. - interjection
  • n. an. - animate noun
  • n. in. - inanimate noun
  • num. - numeral
  • pre. - preposition
  • pron. - pronoun
  • qtf. - indefinite quantifier
  • vi. - intransitive verb
  • vt. - monotransitive verb


RTJ PoS gloss irregular forms
á n. an. sandstorm
á vt. want
ág vi. return, come back
ágh n. in. rock(s), stone(s)
ágh vi. be right, guess correctly
àì vt. fight
áú vt. swallow
àù n. an. lake, inland sea
n. an. fingertip
n. an. father, paternal uncle
vt. be similar to, be like, resemble
bád n. an. orphan dlyád
báí n. in. seed (of a plant), semen (of an animal) màì
báí vi. depart, leave, go away (from somewhere other than speaker or listener)
báíyĕzragh vt. regret
báú n. in. roof báú
báú vt. find
n. in. yellow color, yellow pigment, yellow dye, urine (euphamistic)
vi. be yellow
vt. hint, suggest
vi. be talented
vt. like
n. in. beer
bĕbă n. an. maternal uncle
bég vt. thank
bĕgă n. an. stingray ĕgă
bĕhnyè n. in. fletchings (of an arrow) mĕhnyè
bĕnà n. in. children (collective plural) hnà
bĕngè n. an. bull (male bovine) ĕdré
bĕp’à vi. be long p’à
bĕp’ég adv. maybe
bĕp’o conj. inanimate relativizer
bĕp’ò vi. be high, tall p’ò
bĕpáú vt. discover, invent
bĕpè vt. love
bĕpég vt. refuse, deny
bĕprég vi. be sick brég
bĕprĕhfĭ vi. have a fever
bĕré n. an. enemy (a person)
bĕzí vt. imitate
bĕzrè vt. dislike
n. an. son
vi. jump, leap
n. in. peas
vi. have achieved mastery, be a master
bíg vi. be private, be personal
blád n. an. child dlád
blŏ vt. reply, respond
n. an. horn (of an animal)
n. in. fate, destiny
bráú n. an. weather màù
bré n. an. friend, companion
brĕ vt. castrate
brĕ vt. change
bréd vt. be exchanged for, switch with
brĭ n. in. grove of beech trees
brò n. in. well, spring, watering hole
n. an. hand
n. in. dye, paint
c'ĭ vi. come, approach (towards speaker)
c’ĕdĕră vi. be difficult
c’à vi. be wet
c’ă vi. be easy
c’é n. an. thumb
c’è n. an. claw
c’è n. in. wool
c’ĕ qtf. any
c’éb n. an. insects, bugs, swarm of insects (collective plural)
c’í n. in. reason, explanation, motivation
c’íd n. in. petal(s)
c’ó n. in. grape(s), wine
n. in. courage, bravery hxà
vt. this (near me)
n. an. earlobe
cáb vt. choose, pick, select, take
cágh vi. be massive, heavy
cágh vt. fry
cágh vt. remove, take away
cáí n. an. spine hsáí
càì n. in. secret
càì vt. prove gĕhxàì
n. in. grass hnyè
n. in. black color, black pigment
n. an. ewe, sheep (less marked)
n. an. person, individual
qtf. none of the three
vi. kneel
céb n. in. event
céd n. in. storage, shed, inventory zréd
céd vi. be angry
cég n. an. waterfall
cég vi. move around, wander, go nowhere in particular
cĕk’à vi. crouch
n. an. knee
adv. already
n. an. neck
cíb vi. be thin dlyíb
n. an. man, adult male human hxó
n. in. thing
cr’ă vi. exist
cr’íd vt. shake
crà num. twenty-four
cră n. in. sole(s) (of feet), palm(s) (of hands)
crĭ n. an. scorpion
críb vt. offend, insult
n. in. hair
vi. be cunning
n. an. co-worker, collaborator, colleague
n. an. mother, maternal aunt
vt. dig
dágh vt. talk to, chat with
dáí vt. say, speak (something)
dáú n. in. land, ground, property, territory
dĕbáú vt. cross
dĕbré n. in. enemy (as a collective group)
dĕbŭ vi. swim, tread water, keep afloat
dĕcr'áb vi. be weak zráb
dĕcr’àù n. in. beach hnàù
dĕdlyŏ n. an. viper, venomous snake
dĕdró vt. control
dĕdrŏ vi. be strong trŏ
dèlo n. in. rules, laws dèlo
dĕmàù n. in. river crossing, ford dĕmàù
dĕnrè n. an. fly (insect) dĕnrè
dĕq’àì vt. promise
dĕréd vt. look foreward to, be excited for gĕzréd
dĕrrĕcr’àì vt. bury
dĕt’ă n. in. firewood
dĕt’è vt. be full of
dĕt’ód qtf. any of three
dĕtáí vt. declare, announce
dĕtĕzríb vt. commit incest with
dĕtr’íd n. an. earthquake
dĕtrĕ vt. try, strive
dĕtú n. an. squid
dĕwíg vt. whisper
dĕzrá vi. be cold, feel cold
n. an. bat
dígh vt. extingush, kill, destroy completely
dlă vi. rattle, clatter
dláb n. in. path, trail, route
dlád num. twelve
dlágh vt. keep, retain, hold onto
dláí vt. slap
dláú adv. there (at a distance from the speaker)
dláú vt. smell, perceive a scent
dlĕdrĕ vi. be sticky
dlĕhsrè n. an. stepchild
dlĕkhă n. in. earwax dlĕkhă
dlĭ n. in. turnips
dlò vt. melt
dlŏ n. in. grime, filth, muck, garbage, human feces
dlŏ vt. get, recieve
dlràì n. in. snot, nasal mucous
dlré vt. watch, look at
dlrĕ vt. sculpt, mash, put together
dlréd qtf. each
dlréd n. in. time, duration
dlró n. an. siblings, parallel cousins ĕró
dlrŏ n. in. beans
dlŭ vt. bind, tie
dlúb n. an. snail
dlúd n. in. sand dlúd
dlyă n. an. fist
dlyă num. six
dlyé n. an. wet snow, sleet
dlyè n. an. worm ĕlrè
dlyè vi. rise, get up (from sitting or lying)
dlyéb vt. spill
dlyéd n. an. river
dlyĕzrŭ vt. loosen, untie
dlyí n. an. cloud
dlyĭ vt. mold (from clay)
dlyíb n. in. dung ĕlríb
dlyíd n. in. soup, stew
dlyíd n. in. stalk, stem
dlyó n. in. mud
n. an. season
vt. start, begin
n. an. billygoat
n. an. chest (body part)
pron. it, they, all of it, all of their, its, their
dóg n. an. ant
dóg n. in. reef, shoal
dóg n. in. wood (material)
dră n. in. the west dră
dră vt. be able
dré n. an. bird
drĕ n. in. menstrual period ngê
drĕ vt. make, create
drég vt. rob, pillage, sack
drég vt. waste
drĭ vt. allow, let, permit
dríd adv. here (near the speaker)
dró n. an. shoulder
drŏ n. in. poison
dróg vi. go hunting, be a hunter
drŭ n. an. paternal aunt dlŭ
vi. be fragrant, smell good
vt. inherit
adv. really, indeed (emphatic particle)
n. an. fin
dúgh vi. vomit
e conj. or
é n. an. male bird
é vi. be unreal, imaginary
è vt. shine on
ĕbă n. in. agricultural field, yard, garden hmâ
ĕbĕdră n. in. sunset, sundown, late afternoon
ĕbĕhsrè n. in. brideprice ĕmĕhsrè
ĕbógĕtrub n. in. a 'tithe' paid to the family of the queen during major seasonal festivals
ĕbrí n. an. grasshopper
ĕcé n. an. grass snake
ĕcó n. in. knife
ĕcr'è n. an. mosquito
ĕcr’íg n. in. triangle (shape) ĕzríg
ĕcráú n. an. prisoner, hostage ĕcráú
ĕcrĕ n. in. intestine, rectum
ĕcrĕbĭ n. an. planet (astronomical)
ĕdá n. in. fleet, group of boats (collective plural) ĕdá
ĕdă n. an. termite dlă
ĕdláú n. in. sense of smell grĕlráú
ĕdlĕdrĕ n. in. stickiness ĕlĕdrĕ
ĕdŏ pron. it, its
ĕdráí n. an. turtle
ĕdráíja n. an. fresh-water turtle
ĕdrĕ vi. be poor
ĕdrĕ vt. commit
ĕdrĕhì vt. battle, make war on
ĕdró n. in. painting, mural, man-made image, art
ĕdróg n. an. hunter
ĕdrú n. an. heir
ĕdrŭ n. in. free-standing wall, fortification, dike
ĕdú n. in. apple trees
ĕdúd n. in. battle, skirmish
ĕdúgh vt. empty túgh
ĕgĕká n. in. megalithic structure marking an astronomical alignment
ĕgĕtr’íg n. in. crystal(s)
ĕghĕkh’ad n. in. travois, sledge
ĕgrágh n. in. obsidian
ĕgràù n. in. life
ĕhá n. in. riverbank ĕgrá
ĕháí n. in. feeling, sense, intuition gréya
ĕhlĕzó n. in. bandage
ĕhlrĕ n. in. gypsum
ĕhlrĕ n. in. laquer, glue
ĕhxíg n. an. ankle
ĕjà n. an. fresh-water salmon
ĕjĕ vi. be unfortunate, be unlucky
ĕjĕ vi. float
ĕjéd n. in. judgement, decision ĕxéd
ĕjí vi. be afraid
ĕjú n. in. bile
ĕkă n. an. elephant
ĕgă n. an. weather màù
ĕkád n. in. color, stain ĕgád
ĕkĕgrî vi. be renowned, respected, famous
ĕkó n. in. oar
ĕlyĕdĕtú n. in. shaft (of a spear)
ĕlyĕhnyè n. in. shaft (of an arrow)
ĕmâ n. in. burial place, graveyard
ĕmàg n. in. sense of taste
ĕmàìd vi. be honest, be honorable
ĕnà n. an. bear
ĕnòb vi. be thick lúb
ĕnràì n. an. stranger, foreigner
ĕnràìtau n. in. herd of (domestic) cattle (collective plural)
ĕnrĕdĕpĭ n. in. daybreak, sunrise, dawn
ĕnyà n. in. excitement
ĕnyàì vi. be next yàì
ĕnyàì vi. be new, young lyàì
ĕnyàì n. in. school of whales (collective plural)
ĕnyí n. in. sight, vision
ĕnyúb vi. wake up
ĕp’à n. in. bird's nest hmà
ĕp’ĭ vi. grow up, become an adult
ĕpĭ n. an. sun ĕbĭ
ĕpú n. an. knuckle
ĕqàì n. in. bay ĕjàì
ĕqé vi. be bad ú
ĕqĕcĕ vt. govern, rule, have power over
ĕqó vt. cook
ĕrà n. in. low tide
ĕrà n. an. vixen, fox (less marked)
ĕrà vi. undress, go naked
ĕráí vt. protect, guard
ĕràì vt. have sex with (vulgar)
ĕré n. in. circle (shape)
ĕré n. an. bee
ĕrĕbí n. in. summer solstice
ĕrĕcrĭ n. in. necklace, torc
ĕrég n. an. cow (female bovine)
ĕrĕghă n. in. earring
ĕrĕrég n. an. calf
ĕrĕtrúb n. in. finger ring
ĕrĕwég n. in. henge, circular earthwork
ĕrĕzrí n. in. armband, arm ring
ĕrĕzrŭ n. an. malign spirit, witch
ĕrí n. an. rain
ĕrí vi. yawn, gape
ĕrí vi. be thirsty
ĕrrúd n. in. saliva
ĕrŭ vt. bless
ĕrŭ vi. be holy, sacred rrŭ
ĕságh n. an. victim, sacrificial animal ĕrrágh
ĕsrú n. an. leader, guide
ĕtĕcǔ vi. be ashamed
ĕtĕdró n. in. rudder
ĕtò n. in. house, home ĕdò
ĕtǔ vt. endure, withstand
ĕtr’úg n. an. priest(ess), sage, holy person
ĕtrád n. in. dot, mark, blemish
ĕváú vi. be deep yáú
ĕvŭ vt. slay, kill in battle
ĕwá n. in. blood éwa
ĕwă vi. be white k’íb
ĕwáígh vi. complain, gripe
ĕwé vi. be friendly
ĕwĕ vi. be black
ĕwĕbád n. in. palace, majesting house, dwelling of king/chieftain
éwĕdre n. in. menstrual blood
ĕwĕgrég n. an. queen
ĕwĕqă n. an. raven
ĕwíg vi. flow, blow
ĕză vt. succeed
ĕzé vi. grumble, mumble
ĕzí n. in. fingernails hnyí
ĕzĭ n. in. group, organization, society
ĕzú vi. be foolish, stupid
ĕzrâ vt. trade, trade in (a commodity)
ĕzríb vt. complain about, protest
vi. fall
n. an. brother ĕyă
fáí n. an. wave
fàì num. five
fáú vt. pass, move on, move toward
fàù vt. sing
n. an. wasp ĕyé
vt. pour (of liquids), strew (of granular solids)
n. in. spider web
vt. herd
féd n. an. warrior
fĕhyĕ vi. suffer a fit, convulsion, seizure, attack
fĕkŭ vt. burn
fĕsrèrra n. an. tide(s) fĕrèrra
fĕsrèrrĕdo n. in. calendar fĕrèrrĕdo
fĕwíg vt. consider
fĕzrè n. in. cycle, recurring event or process fĕsrè
fĕzréd n. in. warband, militia, gang (collective plural) ĕzréd
fi article the (inanimate)
vi. burn
vt. wrap around
n. an. bladder
vi. be blind
n. in. pan
fód n. in. gill
fóg n. an. beetle
fríd n. in. right (direction) ĕríd
n. an. wind
n. in. branch ngà
n. in. mace, scepter, weapon
vt. sew
vi. clap (hands)
vt. request
gàhno vt. mend (of cloth)
gári n. an. rainbow
gáú n. in. seashell(s)
gáú n. in. bead(s) ngàù
gàù n. in. place, area, region
gáúdlo n. in. midden, waste collection area
gàweg n. in. monumental earthwork
Gĕgĕsă n. in. chthonic home of evil spirits
gĕgré vt. lie, tell a lie to
gĕk’úb vi. stink
gĕnì vt. steal
gĕtr’óg vt. hunt
gĕtráí n. in. bottom (of a body of water) gĕdráí
gĕzréd n. in. copper, copperware
gĕkú vt. wonder about, imagine
ghă n. an. ear
ghĕkhó vt. respect
ghí n. in. minority
ghó vi. listen
ghŏ n. in. flint ngô
ghŏ n. in. grove of ash trees
ghŭ adv. only, merely, just, simply
ghŭ n. in. hills ngô
ghúgh vt. kick
gi article the (animate)
n. in. red color, red pigment nyè
vi. be red
n. an. freshwater eel nyê
n. an. parent, same-sex parental sibling ngê
n. an. thunder
vt. touch, get in contact with
gód n. an. married couple
gòrrĕfu n. in. roof
gră n. an. breast
gră n. in. point, tip
gră vt. forbid, ban
grág vt. hurt, wound, injure, harm kág
grágh n. in. happiness
grágh n. in. rightness, righteousness
gràì n. an. daughter
gràù vi. live kàù
gré n. in. lie, falsehood
gré vi. be wrong gĕgré
grĕ n. in. adze
gréd qtf. the entire, all (of inanimates)
grég n. an. woman dlrég
grĕgré vi. be the middle one, be in the middle gré
grĕgráítib n. in. sense of touch
grĕhnò n. in. the world (geographical), Akana
grĕjàì n. in. problem ĕhyàì
Grĕpàì n. in. mythical homeland
grĕrég n. an. mistress, prostitute dlĕrég
grĕyágh n. in. sadness, grief
grí n. an. fish
gró n. in. illness, disease
gró vi. defecate
grób n. in. hearing
grógĕk’ud n. an. crotch, groin
qtf. few
vi. be blue/green
n. in. blue/green color, pigment ngò
gúb vi. smell, emit odor (neutral tone)
gúd pron. the two of them
vi. pray
n. an. moon
n. in. arrowhead, spearhead
hág vt. hew (with an axe)
háí n. in. midday
háí pron. we, us, our
háí vt. feel, sense
háú n. in. shadow, shade
háú vi. call, shout
háú vt. shout, call out
hĕcáb vt. gather, summon (people)
hĕcră vt. improve, make perfect
hfá n. an. landslide, avalanche
hfă n. in. fish scales gră
hfă n. in. shoes ghă
hfáb n. an. skin gráb
hfáí n. in. source, origin sréí
hfég n. in. thanks srég
hfí vi. be course, rough
vt. meet
híb vt. realize, become aware of
híg n. an. chin
hlá vt. beg
hlrĕ n. in. mortar (construction material) dlrĕ
hlríg n. an. piglet hlríg
hlyí n. an. fog
hlyíg n. an. sow hlyíg
hlyó n. in. slime hlyó
hlyób n. an. firefly hnyób
hlyóg n. in. lily (flower) hnyóg
hlyŭ n. in. grove of poplars dlyŭ
hmà vi. be expensive, precious, dear
hmâ n. in. death
hmàb n. in. rash(es), hives, acne hmàb
hmàd n. in. egg(s)
hmàgh n. in. jadeite hmàgh
hmàgh vt. slaughter
hmàù n. in. orders, commands, instructions
hmàù vt. order, command, instruct
hmè vi. be small
hmè vt. wash, clean, clean up
hmê n. in. news, message
hmê vi. be alone
hmĕc’ó n. in. vinyard, patch of grape vines
hmèd n. in. sacrifice (not a human or animal)
hmèd n. in. star
hmèg num. first (ordinal)
hmĕjéd n. in. asters (flower) ĕjéd
hmĕzrá vi. be inexpensive, cheap
hmí n. in. metal nrí
hmì n. in. age, epoch, long time, long period
hmo conj. animate relativizer
hmo conj. if
hmò pron. you three
hmò vi. be good, well
hmô n. an. baby ĕbŏ
hmô vt. cover
hmòg n. in. valley
hnà n. in. new moon nĕhnà
hnâ pron. the three of them
hnâ qtf. all three
hnàì n. an. pride of cats (collective plural) hnàì
hnàì n. in. pear(s)
hnàì vt. distribute, share
hnè n. an. flock of goats hnè
hnè vt. fill
hnèb n. an. scabies hnèb
hnèhnya n. an. flock of sheep
hnĕlágh n. in. altar
hngâ n. an. frog
hngâ vt. applaud
hngàù vi. sit
hngê n. in. grove of rowans ĕghĕ
hngê vi. be soft
hngò n. in. salvation, rescue hngògh
hngô vi. be last, the last kh’ŏ
hngô vi. be far, faraway, distant
hngób n. an. winter solstice
hngòb n. an. evening
hnò n. an. steam hnò
hnò n. an. summer
hnò n. in. corner, cliff
hnò n. in. proof, evidence
hnò vt. fix, repair
hnô n. an. seagull hnô
hnô n. in. notch, nock (of an arrow)
hnô vt. admit, confess
hnòd n. in. pants, trousers
hnòg n. in. marsh
hnră n. an. tiger nĕră
hnu dem. the other
hnyà n. in. dock, harbor, port
hnyâ pron. the three of us
hnyâ vi. be smooth
hnyàì vt. teach (a skill or discipline)
hnyé vt. know, be acquainted with
hnyè n. an. family, clan (of human beings) hnyè
hnyè vi. sink
hnyè vt. notice, take note of
hnyê n. an. heron
hnyê n. an. tail
hnyê n. in. quantity, number
hnyèb vi. be rich
hnyèd n. an. snow ĕjíd
hnyèd n. in. skeleton, collection of bones hnyèd
hnyèg n. an. foot
hnyĭ qtf. a lot
hnyò n. in. brick(s)
n. in. lungs
vi. navigate, pilot a boat or raft
vt. be perpendicular to
hràì vi. be fast, quick
hràì vi. be what? (inanimate)
hráú vi. be who? (animate)
hrígh vt. rape
hsà n. in. coniferous tree forest ĕgrà
hsă n. an. cross cousin sră
hsád n. an. duck hnád
hságh n. in. bread drágh
hsàì n. in. leftovers ĕsràì
hsĕwĕ n. in. ladder hsrè
hsó n. in. start, beginning ĕsró
hsó vt. harvest dlád
hsŏ num. second (ordinal)
hsóg n. in. grove of pine trees hsóg
hsrè n. in. marriage, wedding ĕhwím
hsrígh n. in. rape ĕhrígh
húb n. in. council (organization) húb
hwè n. an. stepparent hwè
hwè vt. marry
hwíd vi. forage, be a forager
hwó n. in. bow
hwŏ vi. stand up (from sitting or lying)
hxá n. an. goose hxá
hxàì vi. teach, be a teacher
hxé n. in. leaves dĕré
hxég n. an. horde, throng, swarm hxég
hxĕmò n. in. dandelion hnyĕmò
hxí n. in. game (for playing) ĕsrí
hxí vi. be sharp
hxĭ n. an. stomach hxĭ
hxó n. in. swamp sĕró
hxú n. in. daisies hnyú
hxú n. in. dance ĕsrú
hxù vi. set up shop, make oneself at home
hyó n. in. dust gró
í vt. drip on
íb vt. praise
n. an. sky
vi. be in pain
n. an. traitor, criminal, trickster
n. an. magpie nyâ
jáí n. in. dwelling, home nyàì
jáí vt. dwell, live in
jàì vi. depart, leave, go away (from speaker)
n. an. baby bird nyè
n. in. threat dlyè
vt. reflect (of light, images)
vt. threaten
n. an. eye nyê
jĕbĕpàù n. an. skull nyĕbĕpàù
jéd n. an. fire
jéd vt. judge, conclude, decide
jég n. an. liver dlyég
jĕgĕtráí n. an. catfish
Jĕhnò n. in. the coastal region inhabited by the Té-Jĕhno
jĕnâ n. in. bronzeware, bronze
jĕqó vi. be hot, warm
jĕrég n. an. spleen dlyĕrég
jĕzró vt. disagree
n. an. spouse, husband, wife
n. an. brain
n. an. thrush nyê
pron. he, she, it; his, her, its
jíd vt. drink
jíg n. in. cry, cries, vocalization(s)
jíg n. in. voice (of a human) dlyíg
vt. agree
n. an. belly, abdomen (interior)
n. an. inhabitant (of a settlement), citizen (of a polity), subject (of a ruler) dlyú
n. in. door nyò
júb vi. be straight gĕjúb
k’à vi. walk
k’ă n. in. basket
k’àc’ĕdĕra vi. limp
k’áí vi. depart, leave, go away (from listener)
k’áú n. in. network of caves
k’áú vt. trick
k’ĕdlŏ vt. borrow
k’ĕsód vt. lend
k’í n. an. beak
k’ĭ n. in. mountain range
k’íb n. in. chalk, calcium, white color, white pigment ngè
k’íd n. an. grandparents
k’ú n. an. twin
k’ŭ n. an. hip
n. an. sky goddess
vi. be together, be in a group
n. an. snake, serpent
kág n. in. mortar (grinding tool)
kàgri n. an. saltwater eel
káú n. an. bitch (female dog)
káú n. an. thigh
káú n. in. hole
káú n. in. trap káú
n. an. spider
n. in. job, occupation, role, habit, project, work
kĕdĕt’ód qtf. any two of three
kĕxíg n. an. entire leg
kĕzrúb vi. fast (abstain from eating)
kh’ă n. an. female bird
kh’ád vt. bear, carry
kh’áí n. in. bowl, bucket
kh’ĕ vt. hit
kh’ŭ n. in. noise
khă n. in. hearth, firepit
kháú vt. scream at, shout at
khàù vt. seize, take over, conquer, take by force
khó n. an. boar (male pig) khó
khó n. in. respect ĕkhó
khó num. eighteen
khŏ n. in. abacus, any counting tool khŏ
khŏ vt. count
khúb n. in. meal ĕkhúb
khúb vt. eat, consume
n. in. digging stick, any digging tool
n. in. loom
n. in. stick
kód n. in. buttocks
n. in. wonder (emotional state) ĕkú
num. two
vi. dream
n. in. destruction, ruin ĕkŭ
vt. break, destroy
kúd n. in. spoils, booty, loot, plunder ĕtrúd
kúd vt. raid, rob
vi. laugh
vi. be female, be feminine
lád n. in. nit(s) (eggs of louse or similar)
lĕdlré vt. examine, inspect, investigate, study
lĕdráú n. in. size dlráú
vi. come, approach (towards somewhere other than speaker or listener)
lód vt. ball
vi. be dangerous
vi. be silent
vt. bar, keep out
lúb n. an. toe
lúgh vi. be rough (of sea or weather)
lyă n. in. limestone
lyàìma n. in. morning
lyé n. in. drip, drops
lyè vi. lie down, recline
lyĕ n. an. dove
lyĕcă vt. shoot (of an arrow or similar projectile)
lyéd n. in. grove of deciduous trees
lyéd vt. train, practice, learn
lyég n. in. forest of deciduous trees
lyég vi. smile
lyĕhfĭ n. in. blanket
lyèk’a vi. crawl
lyí vt. fear, be afraid of
lyĭ vt. pull, milk (an animal)
lyíg n. in. fabric
n. an. captain (of a boat or ship)
n. an. lip
vi. stop, halt, cease, come to an end, die
vi. come, approach (towards listener)
màd vi. be tired
màg vt. taste
màì n. in. armor, shell (e.g. of a turtle)
màì n. in. flour
màì vt. plot, conspire, scheme
màì n. in. rock(s), stone(s)
màù n. in. fruit
màù vi. be important
màxeg n. an. equinox
vt. sacrifice, give as an offering
n. in. dew
vt. hold, grip, catch
vt. tell, say toward
mèd pron. the two of you, you two
mèfai n. an. stream, brook, creek mèfed
mèg n. an. belief, faith, religion
mèg vi. turn around
mĕgră n. in. scales (of a reptile)
mĕhmê vi. be lonely
mĕhmèg vt. turn, rotate, revert
mĕwè n. in. bark cloth
mĕzráú vi. be unimportant
vt. pray to
n. in. apples, cider (alcohol made from apples)
pron. you (singular), your
vi. be old úb
vt. knead
n. in. quartz
moc’éb n. in. hive
mòg n. an. squirrel
mògh n. in. help, assistance
mòpe n. in. flowers
mríd vi. be brave, be courageous
n. an. deer
n. in. name nàd
qtf. all
vi. be intelligent, wise
vt. exceed, surpass, be greater than
nàd pron. the two of us, us two
nàd qtf. both
nàì n. in. bed
nàù vt. match, be identical to, be the same
ne conj. and (coordinates non-subject nouns)
n. an. nomad
n. in. perry (alcohol made from pears)
nèd n. an. magic
nèd n. in. teeth
nĕdrí n. an. autumn, fall
nĕhnê n. in. sleeve (of shirt), leg (of pants) hnê
nĕlréd n. in. the south
nĕp’ĭ n. an. spring (season)
nĕrú n. an. winter
ngà n. in. desert, infertile land, uninhabited land ngàd
ngà vi. prepare (oneself) properly, get ready
ngà vt. bear, give birth to
ngâ n. in. milk
ngàd n. in. nipples
ngàì n. an. nose
ngàì qtf. a little
ngàì vi. be different, be unusual, be another
ngàì vt. seek, look for
ngàù n. an. belly (exterior)
ngè n. in. drum
ngè n. in. grease, fat ngèd
ngè vi. shine
ngĕnge pre. until
ngĕqó vt. boil
ngò n. in. clothes
ngò vi. be open
ngò vt. save, rescue
ngô n. in. anger
ngô n. in. rapids (of a river)
ngô n. in. the east
ngòb vi. become old
ngòd n. in. vengeance, intense rage, vendetta, feud, revenge
ngù vi. be kind
n. an. ocean
vt. push
nòd vi. serve
nògh n. an. girl
nrágh vi. be hard
nyà vi. be excited
nyâ pron. I, me, my hnyè
nyàb n. an. owl species
nyàì n. an. smoke
nyé vi. cry, scream
nyè n. an. nannygoat
nyè n. in. arrow(s)
nyè vi. be short è
nyè vt. see
nyê vi. be safe
nyèb vt. own, possess
nyèd n. an. kitten
nyèg n. an. mare
nyèg n. in. wish
nyèg vt. wish, wish for
nyègh vi. win, be victorious
nyĕhnyé vi. recognize
nyĕhnyè n. an. kid (goat offspring)
nyĕhnyè vi. be unknown
nyĕhnyè vi. drown
nyĕhnyèg n. an. foal (horse offspring)
nyò n. in. beauty
o conj. and (coordinates clauses)
ó n. in. water
ó vi. be calm (of sea or weather)
p’ă n. an. grandfather
p’ád vt. kiss
p’áí n. in. majority
p’àù n. an. lion hlyàù
p’àù n. in. headgear, hat
p’àù vi. be noble
p’è vt. be diagonal to
p’ĕ n. in. granite
p’ĕ vi. be male, be masculine
p’ĕdráí vt. guess
p’ĕzríg vi. be secret
p’ĭ n. in. manner, method, way
p’ĭ vi. grow
p’íb n. an. mite
p’íd n. in. acorn(s)
p’íg num. one
p’íg vi. be public
p’ó n. in. part, component
p’ŏ n. an. descendant
p’ód vt. give (as a gift), donate
p’régh n. in. feather(s), coat of feathers
p’ríd vt. influence
p’ú vt. wage, conduct, venture, attempt
p’úb vt. be parallel to
n. in. similarity
vi. go down, descend, climb down
vt. row
pád n. in. village hmàd
págh vt. recieve in trade, buy
pàì n. in. baked goods, pastries
pàì vt. bake
páú n. in. hammer
pàù n. an. head
num. four
n. in. love ĕpè
vi. be peaceful, calm (of emotions)
n. in. dirt, floor
pĕzrég n. an. soul, spirit hsrég
vi. be closed
n. in. plants, crops, vegetation hmê
vt. go between, pass between, be between
píd n. in. oak woodland
plŭ n. an. day
n. in. the north
vt. overlook, offer a view of
práí n. in. dough
n. an. trunk (of an elephant or anteater)
q’á n. in. pain
q’ă n. an. hawk
q’àì vi. stay, remain
q’e conj. but, however
q’é vt. give in trade, offer in trade, sell
q’è vt. itch, irritate
q’épegh vt. barter, trade with (a partner)
q’ĭ vt. warn
q’íd n. an. bone
q’íd n. in. frost
adv. completely, perfectly
n. an. crow
n. an. anus
qéd n. an. carp
qéd n. an. embrace
n. an. face
pron. they, their
vi. be hollow
qíg n. an. mind, thoughts hxíg
qíg n. an. ram (male sheep)
qígh n. in. musical instrument qígh
qígh vt. play (of music)
n. in. blisters
ráí n. in. root
ràì n. in. vase, ceramicware for holding liquid
ràìhmed n. in. stone tower for use in sky burials
ràìya n. in. grave
vt. intend
rég n. in. fang(s)
rrà n. an. high tide
rrà n. in. plain (geographic)
rră n. in. power, influence, capacity
rră vt. influence, have an impact on
rrág n. an. wing
rráí n. in. sap
rràù vt. recite, tell (of a story)
rrĕ vt. lack, miss, be without
rréb n. an. boy
rréb n. an. newt
rrĕbú n. an. wrist
rrĕcàì n. in. promise, oath, pledge, contract
rrĕcrég n. an. the brightest visible planet, one of the titles of Ká
rrĕdáú n. in. the mainland, Tuysáfa
rrĕdó n. an. year
rrĕdró vt. convince, persuade
rrĕfá vt. drop
rrĕfĭ vt. ignite
rrĕfŭ n. an. storm
rrĕgáú n. in. shield
rrĕgĕtr’íg n. in. jewel
rrĕgód n. an. the royal couple (queen and king)
rrĕgrágh n. in. elation, joy, ecstacy
rrĕgrĕyágh n. in. depression, despair, agony, tragedy
rrĕhà n. in. full moon
rrĕhmí n. in. silver
rrĕhnòg n. in. lagoon, estuary
rrĕjé n. in. fungus, mushroom(s), fairy ring
rrĕjí n. an. king, ruler
rrĕkh’áí n. in. barrel
rrĕkí n. in. mask, veil
rrĕmâ vt. murder
rrĕpád n. in. any large, permanent settlement
rrĕqĭ n. in. warning
rrĕràìya n. in. burial mound (of a king)
rrĕrĕdráú n. an. puppy
rrĕwŏ vi. be big ĕwŏ
rrĕzríd vt. attack
rrĭ n. an. jaw
rrĭ n. in. knot
rríb n. in. salt
rró vi. be content, fulfilled
rrŏ n. in. children (collective plural) hnà
rrú n. an. cold, cold weather
rrú n. an. male fox
rrú vi. be dry
rrú vi. be deaf
rrúb vt. roast
rrúd n. an. mouth
n. an. sister
ságh n. an. eagle ságh
ságh n. in. truth
sáí n. in. word, utterance
sáú n. in. shape, figure
sĕbŏ n. in. window
sĕdŏ vt. put, place
sĕdríd n. in. justice
sĕgré n. in. center, middle
sĕgró n. in. harvest
sĕlráú n. in. smell, odor
sĕlré n. in. vigil, patrol
sĕrá vt. demand
sĕrĕjĕ n. in. grove of willows
sĕrrĕtá vt. add, mix in
sĕtrí n. in. square (shape) sĕdrí
sĕwă vi. be great sră
sĕwĕgrég n. in. queendom
sĕwĕhnyé vt. expect, anticipate
sĕwŏ vi. go up, ascend, climb
sĕwŏ vt. await
sĕzĭ n. in. testicles and scrotum
sĕzríb n. in. hate, hatred
sĕzríb n. in. offense, insult
n. in. soap
vt. follow
sób n. an. tongue, language
sód vt. give
sráí n. in. pear trees
sràì n. an. embers
sràù n. in. song
sré n. in. intention, plan
srè n. in. liquid
srĕ n. in. clay
srĕ n. in. guts
srĕbĭ n. an. flea
srég n. an. wolf srég
srégh n. in. end, ending, culmination
srĭ n. in. patch of vetches ĕwĭ
srĭ vt. pierce
sró n. in. quest, mission, task
srò n. an. late winter / early spring ĕlrò
srŏ vi. stand (used as a copula)
srŏ vt. chase, pursue
srú n. in. vomit ĕrrú
srŭ vi. be near, nearby, close, neighboring
srúg vi. be slow
n. an. elbow
n. in. worry, anxiety
vi. lead, guide, be a leader
súb n. an. cheek
súb vt. punch
súg n. in. pool, pond
t’ă n. an. grandmother
t’ĕk’à vi. sneak
t’ó vt. paint, color, dye
t’ŏ vi. be quiet
t’ód qtf. either
t’ú n. in. sea foam
t’úg vt. know (facts, how to do something)
t’úgh num. three
n. in. butter
n. in. eclipse hsá
vi. fly
vt. join, participate, partake in
vt. crush, grind
vt. bite
vt. plow
tágh n. an. stallion
n. in. swarm of spiders, nest of spiders (collective plural)
n. an. people, ethnic group (irregular collective plural)
téd vt. store, keep, retain
tĕrà adv. too much, excessively
tĕră vi. shiver
tĕrĕ vi. understand
ti conj. although
n. in. pestle
tíb n. an. digit, finger (not thumb)
to conj. and (used to link sequential verbs)
n. in. wall (of a building)
vi. be fine
tód qtf. neither
tr’è n. in. powder
tr’ĕ vt. split, divide
tr’éd n. in. meat, flesh, muscle ŋàì
tr’íg n. an. hail
tràì vt. doubt
trĕ vi. be crooked, be bent
tréb n. in. left (direction)
tréd n. an. male dog
trĕdrĕ vt. explain
trég n. an. cat
trĕgrĕ n. in. nickname
trĕhsrĕqà n. in. shirt, upper body clothing
trĕrìd vi. ride
tríd n. in. argument
tríd vi. be just
tríd vt. argue with
trŏ n. in. pot
trŭ n. in. axe
trúb n. in. festival, feast
n. an. line of succession, heirs ĕdrú
n. an. story, legend
n. in. spear(s)
n. an. owl species
túb n. an. heart
ú vi. breathe
ú vt. worry about
úb vt. hear
úbreg n. an. noblewoman, clan matriarch
ùdau n. an. domestic cow
úgh vt. help, assist
vt. step on
vàù n. an. prey, game animal
vĕgrúb n. an. cockroach hlúb
vĕmê vt. stomp on
n. in. omen, portents
vób n. an. darkness
n. in. fact(s)
n. an. breath
vi. be ready
n. in. force, dynamic
vt. deserve
wáí n. in. wheat
wàù adv. rather, somewhat
vt. lose, misplace
wĕdlŏ vt. earn
wĕdró vt. defeat
Wég n. an. the physical universe, the animating force of the world
wĕlĕ n. in. dagger, sword (of copper or bronze)
wĕsód vt. owe
wĕzrób vi. be hungry
n. an. light ĕlrè
n. in. air, emptiness
n. an. gale, gust
wíg n. in. rope
pron. you, your (plural)
vt. use
wób vi. be full (from eating)
wób vi. be lazy
wód n. in. kidneys
vi. slip, slide
vt. ask, question, interrogate (never "request")
n. an. centipede, millipede
n. an. louse ĕră
xáb n. an. flood ĕráb
xáb vi. rest
xábe n. an. twilight yábe
xáí n. in. coast ĕráí
xe particle no, not (negative particle)
n. an. body, torso
n. in. glacier ĕré
n. an. shine, glow, rays (of light)
n. in. music ĕrè
n. in. angle, curve, bend ĕrĕ
xéd n. in. ash, ashes yéd
xéd n. in. shooting star
xég n. an. animal, creature ĕrég
xég n. an. night ĕrég
xégh vt. finish, complete
xĕgràù n. an. widow, widower yĕgràù
xéjub n. in. ditch, line, border
n. an. waist
n. in. fear, fright ĕlrí
vi. urinate
xíb n. in. war
xíb vt. go through, pass through
xíg n. an. lower leg
xíg n. in. type, kind, quality
n. an. ancestor ĕró
vi. go upstream, go against the current
n. in. table
n. in. sinew, string
ya int. oh! (vocative particle), hail!
n. in. boat, ship
n. in. cream
n. an. ice
n. in. loam (fertile soil)
vi. hail, greet, say goodbye
yág n. an. throat
yágh vi. be happy
yàì n. an. whale
yàì n. in. meadow, pasture
adv. too, also, as well
vt. bend
yéd vt. think, assume
yég vi. sleep
yĕrĕ vi. be previous, be (the) one before ĕrĕ
yĕzrágh vi. be sad
yĕzrŏ vt. take off (of clothing, armor)
n. in. texture
vt. wear (of clothing, armor)
yód n. in. oven
n. in. seaweed
n. in. tool(s)
vt. chew
yúb vi. be awake
yúgh vi. be empty
n. in. chimney, smokehole nyâ
vi. be industrious, dilligent, hardworking
vi. work
záú vt. capture, keep hostage
n. in. idea, notion, purpose
vt. celebrate
vt. believe
n. in. bridge
qtf. every
zĕc’è n. an. lamb
zĕcágh vt. separate, disconnect
zĕcè n. an. enemy nation, rival clan
zéd n. an. rabbit
zedĕheg n. in. gold
zég n. in. candle nyég
zĕhféd n. in. armory, army
zĕhíg n. in. beard
zĕhxég n. in. barn, housing for animals
zĕkhă n. in. coal
n. an. arm
vi. go downstream, follow the current
vt. play with
n. an. womb, uterus nyê
n. in. food
zíb n. in. tent
n. in. wound, injury
vt. cut
zrá n. an. lightning
zră n. an. lizard
zráb n. an. river delta
zráú n. in. island
zràù n. in. room, hall
zrĕgá n. an. earthworm
zrĭ vt. rub
zrù n. an. neighbor, trading partner
zrŭ n. an. shark zrŭ
vi. dance