Puoni/Lexicon

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Author's note: This lexicon represents a non-finalized state of the language. A significant number of lexemes may be subject to future change. In fact I may end up re-deriving the whole lexicon when the time comes to work on Puoni again, as I'm discontented with details of some of the outcomes, in particular the rule allowing only one voiced stop in a word. I will probably scrap that rule completely, so voicing values on many stops will change. Also there is also now a much, much larger pool of source words due to expansion of the Fáralo, Naidda, and Tlaliolz lexicons by several hundred words each, so the future Puoni dictionary - should I ever succeed in doing all the requisite work (don't hold your breath) - may well top two thousand entries.

Etymology:


Puoni etymology meaning
aba æba (sober) serious, somber
ada æda (corpse) 1. the entire body of a human or animal
2. the torso
adelu ædelu large city
Agumosio Agumosou a city of Tagua
aguo ægou awry, wrong, askew, off
aguompa ægoubu (eccentric, crank) prankster, practical joker
aio aogə (uncertainty) 1. uncertainty, confusion
2. a fool
akua ækə air
alani alenin a civil war
alazia Tl. fa:lzam birch
alazibaru birch-bark birchbark
alio alou flower
ana æna hungry
anelo æŋeilo military
ani ænil (a hair) hair
ania anæn dry
aoba aoba a mason
apo apo fruit
aponia (fruit-nia) cherry
Asala Asale a city of Rathedan
asei asin heavy
astalo Ndd. spálo castle
asu ašu (chief, supreme) important, relevent
asumpa ašubu 1. chieftain, leader, headman
2. captain of a ship
ata ate to keep
ati æti (river) 1. large river
2. to flow
atu ætu old
ava Æð. æva sin
avrolo Ndd. əlvolo craftsman's shop
avumo Ndd. avumo refuse, trash
aza azə woman
baga bage 1. rough, not smooth
2. difficult terrain
Balani Balanin 1st ruling dynasty of Huyfarah
bampa bæbu (root, anchor) 1. the root of a plant
2. to tie up or moor (a boat)
bana bæna (beg, supplicate) 1. to beg
2. to squirm in embarassment
baomia baomast steward, caretaker, manager of daily operations
baotaka baoteka general, military commander
baotau (baopatau) baobadew uncle
bapu bæbur strong
bare bære to own (land)
baru 1.-3. ebæru (bark, husk)
4. bæru
1. bark of tree
2. husk or skin of fruit
3. basket, especially one of woven bark
4. real estate, land property
basa baše 1. stick, branch
2. spine, keel of a ship
basia bašel twig, sprig, or bud
batau badew father
beca beiča leg
bepu beibul (genitals) to conceive, become pregnant
bepusa beibulsa (vagina) orifice, opening
beusui bewšin (unlucky) pleasant, fortunate
bia 1. bas
2. bæb
1. calm; smooth (of an interaction)
2. to miss (not hit)
bie beb to punish
bimpa 1. biəbu
2. ebiəbu
1. scratch, rub, massage
2. singer
bio- bou re-; to (v.) again
bipe ebiəbe to sing
biusin Ndd. bjusjin woes, difficulties
bo bous ox
boaka eboage to push, impel
boeti boeisti (debauchery) 1. an orgy
2. any rowdy party
boka bougə 1. the back or rear (of sth.)
2. stern of a ship
boie boei star
boieia boeiægə latitude
boieku boeigur (respect) 1. respect
2. to honor the dead
boiemea boeimate 1. astronomy
2. navigation; to chart a course
Boipa Boiəba a city and river in Lasumu
bola boula earth, soil
bolakisa (soil-cut) plow
bolavaria (soil-dance) a dance popular in many Kuaguatia villages
boma bomə wheat
bota ebouta (seed) 1. seed
2. potential
botu boutu (pierce, penetrate) 1. to pierce or make a hole in
2. to sodomize (influenced by boga "back, rear")
bumu ebumu belly
bupei bubiš (warm) 1. very hot
2. boiling (of water)
caio čaok king, patriarch
caiosa čaoksa queen, matriarch
came čæme to study
casu čæšum powerful, noble, influential
cega čega only, sole
cevo (one-vo) number
ciba čiəba to tie, bind, knot
cinu čiənu husband
civo Ndd. cívo significant other
cua čæn 1. fire
2. to burn
cualo čæŋlo (lavatory) cesspool
cue 1. ček (throw)
2. čekəl (vomit)
3. čelč (danger)
1. to throw; to propel through the air (as wings do a bird)
2. to vomit
3. to warn
cuela čeilə teacher
cueno čeino v. ask
cui čiən (marry) to marry
Cuise Čisse a city of the north coast
cuo čosk (hostile) 1. threatening, hostile
2. ominous, portentious
cutu čutu to spit
daca +tača (older sister) nanny
dacaio dačaok (princess) 1. princess
2. young girl (affectionate)
dagalo Ndd. djaga-lo (king) barony
Daiatio Dayadok person from Rathedan
dakana dagane (camp) 1. n. camp, campsite
2. v. to make camp
dapa daba white
dapola (white-soil) clay
dasto Ndd. dáspo warrior
dasui dašiəm (hemp, canvas) n. canvas, sail
dati +tædi (shelter) sanctuary
dau dau male, masculine
dei +tir (door) foyer, hall
deka +teka (army) imperial or royal guard
demia demaš feast, formal party or celebration
denam Ndd. dénam breathe
deumu dewmuh hunt
dia 1. dæŋ (mountain)
2. das (fight)
1. peak or apex
2. fight; climax (of a conflict)
die 1. deiŋ (finger)
2. deip (offspring)
1. finger
2. offspring or children (of an animal, or deprecatively, of people)
dielo deikəlo 1. holy or sacred ground
2. haunted place
Dietei deidin (numinous, frightening, awesome) 1. the god of Etiotu
2. (lower case) very good; excellent
dikuo +tikuo (stone) brick
din Ndd. ding hill, hillside; sloped ground
Din Tor 'acorn hill' a town of Kuaguatia, in the north
dioma doumah glass
diu dukəs (teacher, master) title of respect for a teacher (e.g. Diu Daodas)
dizo dizo unremarkable, boring
dopa +toba (horn) antler
duma +tuma (pirate) leader or king of pirates or outlaws
dumpa duəbu (smell) 1. n. smell, odor
2. v. give off an odor
ebei ebič (necessary) mandatory, required
ebeu ebewr short
ebi ebi say, speak
ebie ebedə (order, arrange) 1. to arrange, line up
2. count
ebio 1. ebop
2. ebourə
1. music
2. strange, weird
ebiu ebiu guilty
ebue ebuəwe v. to carry, hold
ede ede to play (an instrument)
edempa edebu musician
edeuni edewnin holy, sacred
Edia Edak The people who speak Naidda
ediata (tree-corpse) tree stump
edie edei 1. tree
2. mast (of a ship)
ediena edeinæ to live, reside
edimu ediəmu to show mercy
ege ege all, every
egie egei upward
egran Ndd. égran payment
egria egræn (satisfy) to work for, be employed by
eguko egugo to deceive, con
eguo egol foot
eiciso (black-night) black
eiga isəga early
eione eione (obscure) obscure, arcane, complex
eioti eioti daytime
eiu eiwəl west
ekue ekei egg
ekui ekui (blessing, benefit) 1. adj. blessed, graced
2. n. payment
enia enædə (feel) to emote; be overwrought
enono enouno to get into trouble
eompa eobu (sleep) 1. to sleep
2. to be dead
epa epæm to cry
epagua epagægə distance east to west; longitude
epe epe (sit, meet) to meet
epia 1. epaf
2./3. epag
1. light (not heavy)
2. adj. far
3. epag - n. distance north to south
epie epel to rest, nap, take a break
epuo epou because
erenam Ndd. éddénám misery, suffering
erolo erolo (impotent) fickle, frail, powerless
esa ešæd (much) 1. adj. much
2. n. a large amount
ese ese bleed
eta eta stop
etabo edaboə (corrupt, rotten) rotten, decaying, spoiled
etabomu (rotten-belly) stomach flu, abdominal illness
eteiu etewg forest
etese eteše (sail, govern) 1. v. sail, journey by water
2. v. plan, control
etesu etešu n. ship
etidu etiədu metal
Etiotu (Etugə + new) "New Etugə"; the official Kuaguatian religion (considered heretical elsewhere)
Etiu Etugə the religion of Huyfarah
eua ewa snake
eumpa ewbu (urchin, petty criminal) 1. city rat
2. crow or raven
eumu ewmu (reject, hate) reject, turn (someone) away
eupa ewpa statue, monument, memorial
evre Ndd. évre destroy
evrolo Ndd. érvolo hospital, sickhouse
eziu ezul to take
fafor Aθ. fáfor strength
Faluin Miw fa:lwin (meeting place) a town of western Kuaguatia
fapa Aθ. áfpa to raise, lift
Faralo Faralo the parent language of Kuaguatian
farili Miw fa:rhili: (bad water) swamp
fava Miw famva rose
fikravuan Miw fi:kravwan ceremony
fizatiu fizætud (rookie) an apprentice
foata imitative to masturbate
foga foga (make) v. create, design, engineer
forzin Miw furzin (tree-life) elm
fram Miw fra:m berry
fuilian Miw fwilja:n cooperation; teamwork
fuipio Miw fwipju (move, motion) alive
gafacu gafaču (criminal) (legal) prisoner
gafia gafač (crime) a pity, a shame, a letdown
gaio gaos boat or ship (all types)
gan Ndd. gan (knife) sword
gape +kape (last year) history
gasu gašu rabbit
gata gate wood, wooden
gatemea (wood-mea) carpentry
gatia 1. gatač (galley)
2. gatel (board)
1. galley (of a ship)
2. plank, board, beam
3. (by confusion of 1 and 2) a bar (on which food/drink is served)
gatisavo (wood-cut-vo) woodcutter, lumberjack
gese +kese (blood) internal organs
gonei gonin brother
goron Ndd. goron desert
gozu gozu difficult
guato +kalto (wind) windstorm, hurricane
guemea +keipmate attunement to nature
gueru geiru atheist
guesa geipša a sheep
gui gis knife
guisa gissa to cut
guo 1. gou (road), goul (path, way)
2. goum
3./4. gout (dull)
1. road, path, track, trail
2. high, upper
3. blunt, rounded
4. round (number), estimated
guoka gouga to break
guomea (path-mea) advice
guoriu gourun (desert) desolate; bleak, depressed
guru guru guts, gore
gutu guətu so, therefore
ia æməl fly (insect)
iamu ammu (steal) to hurt, steal from, or wrong (someone)
iamumpa ammubu (thief) 1. criminal
2. a cad
iania ænal (downward; ship's hold) 1. downward
2. place for storage of goods
iapo alpo manufacture, make
iapompa alpobu craftsman
ibe ibe 1. use
2. touch
icua ičæməl knowledge, skill, expertise
idiu iduəŋ sea, ocean
idua idwæ arm
ie eim (turn) 1. to turn
2. to change
iebou eibur to swim
Iecelade Enčelade a city in Lasumu
iedu eidu to fail
iega eigə (good) thorough, solid, sound
ieka eikə animal (mammalian)
ieku eiku to kill
iemea eikəmate animal husbandry; selective breeding
ieni einišə to fly
ienia (fly-nia) gnat, mosquito
ievo Ndd. jevo miner
ieze elje (clean) clean, pure, fresh
ifisia ifisænə (the spiritual world) 1. heaven, enlightenment
2. freedom
igunia (rope-nia) string, twine
ilia iəlænə (disaster) accident; any unfortunate occurrance
ima iəma (symbol, sign) 1. symbol, glyph
2. any sign or posted notice
3. name or title (of a written work)
ima imə (sew) to sew, weave
imavo (ima + agt) seamstress, weaver
imo Ndd. ilmo dress (garment)
imu iəmu (head, top) 1. top, highest point
2. upward facing surface
ina iənə to see; to notice; to find
ioba oubə all or almost all
iolio oslok to forget
iomio oumol sister
iomu oumu mother
iopu oupu deep; far down
iosu oušu (promise) contract, agreement, treaty
iotu oltu new, young
iozu ouzu yesterday
ipa ipə (straight) 1. straight, direct
2. a straight line
3. rigid
ipi ipi (liver) 1. the liver
2. a dish made with liver
3. courage, bravado
irun Ndd. íddung (sea, ocean) saltwater, brine
iso išo night
isonio išonoun (journey) 1. to journey, travel
2. the major river of the region (so-called because the Puoni journeyed across it to their current home)
iu 1. uəš (blow, breathe)
2. uw (cruel, savage)
1. breath, wind
2. primitive; tribal (deprecative)
iudrivo undribu (comedian) (partial reborrowing from Naidda) entertainer, performer
ieueu wolf (imitative)
iuga 1. ugəga
2. ulgə
1. late, later
2. taste
iugu 1. ulgu (rope)
2./3. wugu (guilty)
1. rope, cord, tether
2. to hang, execute (by confusion with rope)
3. to punish, heckle, yell at, make trouble for (in response to a wrong; by extension of 2)
iulo uwlo barbarian
iumie uwmei (yellow) 1. yellow
2. urine
iumu iwmu (beautiful) attractive; well-arranged; well-chosen
iumusa iwmusa (beautiful girl) slut (offensive)
Iusio Ussor old capital of Huyfarah
kada 1. kada
2. kæda
1. to amuse or make (someone) laugh; cheer (someone) up
2. ash, ashes
kadia kadal to like, appreciate
kaoga kaogə fog, mist, drizzle
kaogatei kaogadin uncle
kaotaca kaotača aunt
kapa kape last year
kecue kečem personal honor; face (as in 'save face')
keio keoč angry; upset, disturbed
kekue (eggs) testicles
keomiu Tl. k'eomun daisy
kepelu kepeilu rain
kese kese blood; blood-red
kiara Ndd. kjara cluster, grouping
kiarakue (cluster-grass) a local tallgrass species
kiaruilo (group-house) town
kiki kiki an expensive but popular spice
kirnom Miw ki:rhnom a robin
kivatri Miw kimvatri brook, small stream
kola kolə (absurd, crazy) crazy or terrible (idea, plan, etc); absurd, stupid
kou kəwu 1. priest of Etiotu
2. title for such
kreota kreota (seize, capture) capture, take, steal
kria kraš bold, daring
ku 1. ku
2. kuət
1. spirit, soul, mind
2. devil, demon
kua kaš (amusing) 1. funny
2. inappropriate
Kuagua Kazəgad the lands around the Isonio river delta
Kuaguatia (Kazəgad + tæm, south) the lands of the Puoni, on the southern border of Kuagua
kualo kaklo border, boundary, demarcation
kuato kalto (wind) wind
kue keip small plants and vegetation (herbs, etc)
kuei kuin (holy) an enlightened spirit
kuemea keipmate (herblore) 1. informal garden
2. gardening
kuenia (grass-dry) hay
kuenialo (hay-lo) barn; hayloft
kueze keize (snow) snow, ice
kufia kufas temple
kuma kuəma to redo, start over
kuo kouwə 1. tongue
2. rudder
kuocelio Tl. qwotsfeloz flight; exodus
kuoci Tl. qwotsfi flee
kuria kusræm olive
kusia kusæp to worship
kutra Tl. q'utla sack
kutrabue sack-carry saddlebag
lade lade not much
laoma laoma long
lapu læpu (bone) 1. bone
2. penis
lapusa læpusa (penis) clitoris (by confusion with -sa, 'female')
lasei lašin national, ethnic
laste Ndd. láste recover (from illness or setback)
Lasumu Lašumu a land upriver of Kuagua
leasai Ndd. léasjai story, tale (fictional)
lega lega (word) word, words; speech; language
legua legal (write) to write or compose
leguesa legeiša poetry, verse
leilica Tl. li:k'litsa ash (tree)
leu məlew (figure out) realize, discover
lia 1. lad
2. laš
1. healthy, sound
2. land, country
liamea ladmate medicine, medical practice
liapo lalpo to heal, cure
liapompa lalpobu doctor
lie 1. lei
2. leid
1. bird
2. year
liedei leidin annual
liedie leideiŋ wing
lielu leilu rowboat
lieso leišo cold
limu liəmu to smile
loleaca Tl. lo:flea:tsa ring
lomo loumo (visit) 1. to visit
2. to entertain visitors
lote loute right, correct
luba luba to lie
luoga (eluoga) eluoga (abundant, common) common, frequent
mabe mabe mouth
macou mačud slave
madei mædidə (intelligence) (influenced by mæde, heart) personality; one's mind, heart, demeanor, and charisma
madru mardu human; a person
madu mædu pointless; moot
magua magač to loot, plunder
maguapa (muaogupa) mwaogube (grave) 1. grave or very serious
2. a heavy personal burden
maiga maiga (empty) 1. empty
2. drunk
maigavo maiga (empty + vo) nonbeliever in Etiotu
makua Tl. mak'a:t hat
manavo Ndd. má'navo wise man, sage
maro Ndd. máddo wander, drift
masa mæsa a cow or bull
mate mate know, be familiar with
matei matibəl compass, magnet
matie matel to suspect, infer
mavo mæ (believe + vo) a believer
meaboie mateboei astrolabe
mebe mebe (peasant) peasant, farmer; the rabble, masses
mebelia (farm-land) field, pasture
mebelo mebelo a farm
mei miš (modern) old, dated
meia Miw mija: cat, feline
meiu mewk protest, object to
menio menio boy or young man
meokua meokat apprentice, young student
meotro Tl. meotlo freeze
mesta Ndd. mésta orderly, tidy
metraco Tl. me:tlatso shoe
mi mi no, none
mia 1. mæg
2. mas
1. today
2. a few
miage malge (suck) 1. to inhale, suck
2. suction, vacuum
miasto Ndd. mjásko dinner party
miatia mastač government, management
Midu Miədu a city of northern Kuagua
mie 1. mei (trade)
2. meil (read)
a bargain or deal
2. to read
miecaio menčaok (prince) nobleman
miegaio meŋaos (first mate) a second-in-command
miekou meikut bastard, asshole
miempa meibu (trader) 1. trader, merchant
2. a hard bargainer
mio mou skin
miodu moudu to measure
miopi mospi (uncultured) uncivilized; having a rudimentary lifestyle (polite term)
mioru mouru narrow
misau (misagu) mišagu (holiday, day off) leisurely travel; outdoor activity done for pleasure (such as a picnic)
miu mus to grow
miumea musmate agriculture, farming
moanata Tl. moyana:ta
modru mordu (front) 1. the front side; chest (of a person)
2. prep. in front of, before
moge moge backwards
mola mola (full) 1. full
2. drunk
molan Ndd. molan (lively, energetic) a fiddle
momusi (miomusie) moumušezə council
mosalo Ndd. moslo large city
mosei mosin civilized; opposite of miopi
mosio mosou harbor
mosiui backformation from mosiuilo (general store) goods, supplies
mosiuilo (harbor-house) general goods store
moue mowe (oral sex) perversion
muba muba worm
mubazei muəbazin lawless, anarchic
mube mube foolish, rash
muekadin Æð. mwexadhin baker
muimei muymis stupid
muodu (guomuodu) goumoudu, clipped (cross-staff) device for measuring (anything)
musidiu mušidutə philosophy, school of thought
Muvea (Ndd. Momuva'e) a city of Kuagua
naba næbæm small
nabe nabe red
nabo (red-fruit) apple
naca nača noblewoman
nada ŋadə to have sex
nadiro nadirlo secret, concealed; hard to find or see
naga 1. nagə
2. naga
1. false god
2. interior, indoors
nagu nagu a bear
naioga naoŋga (split) 1. split, tear
2. divorce; schism
naiu nayu noodles, pasta
naleapa Æð. nælæph domestic animal; livestock
name næme pron. some, any
namoe Ndd. namoe orange (fruit)
namu næmuh orange
nane ŋæne (neck) 1. neck
2. bridge
nanu ŋæŋu to laugh
naokui Tl. naokwi fur
naonu naonu (divide) a part, division, piece
nape næpe to swell up
napevo næpe+vo pregnant woman
napoca napoča to play, have fun
nario naror horse
nariugu (horse-rope) hitch
nasina našiŋa futile, hopeless
nata nata nobles; the nobility
naula na+ulə (rise, lift) esteemed; respected
navam Ndd. návám tiny
naza nazə east
Nazakualo 'east-border' a town of Kuaguatia on the border with Kuagua
nazua Tl. nazwa: wren
neca neča wife
nege nege the most; maximum
nei niən conj. if/then
neio neos sick, ill
nia 1. nat
2. ŋal
1. baron
2. very
niakua Tl. na:sqak pain
niala ŋalər too much, excessive
nialie ŋalleil (flood) 1. flood
2. disaster; disastrous overabundance
niasa ŋapšə thick; stout
niatei ŋastis (villain) adventurer, explorer, wide traveler
nibiu ŋiəbul needle
nieba ŋeibə toe
niede ŋeide to wipe; brush by
niena neiŋə leaf
nigatia ŋigatač (bireme) large or seagoing ship
nigatimea ship+know seamanship
nimpa ŋiəbu sharp; precise
nio noun to go
nioga nioga war; battle
niolo noulo (street) paved street
nioru ŋouru ancient
nioza die + ouzə (suicide) ritual suicide
nubazi nubazi (realization, enlightenment) clear, straightforward, unobstructed
nuge nuge easy
nura ŋura 1. brown
2. cloves
o- io (noble, big) big, grand, or noble X; extension of X
oa oa salt
obo obo prep. for, for the purpose of, regarding, about
odio iodol (o + shine) the sun
odro ordo eye
odu odu (come) 1. to come
2. to witness
oia 1. oæm
2. o+ia (big + fly)
1. right side
2. bee
okue o+plant grass; grain
okuelo (grain-lo) grain warehouse
oliena olyena to blunder (in speech); offend
omie o+yellow gold (color or metal)
omiekue (golden-grain) barley
opa opə ear
oriu (o-mouse) rat
ote ote run, hurry
otio otoun thin, narrow
otiro (day-ten) a ten-day; a week
otro origin uncertain composition; makeup
otromea (composition-know) alchemy
oza ioza (noblewoman) woman who is mature, wise, respected; a title for such
ozia iozal (noble girl; figurehead of ship) bow of a ship
pabase (wheel-branch) axle; fulcrum
pabo pabo to categorize; list
pabue (wheel-carry) wagon, cart
pacuna pačuna to count, add up (or do any other math)
padu padu to attack; to brawl, fight
paie (round-turn) spin, twist
paievo (spin-vo) 1. potter
2. tornado
panton Miw pa:ntun (music-red) guitar
paogua baogas (ship captain) naval commander
papa pæm (round; reduplicated) 1. round, circular
2. wheel
papreue (wheel-water) waterwheel
pavo pæn + vo (chew) tooth
pe pei (big)
pea pea ready
pei 1. pir
2. pigəl
3. piəm
4. piəm
1. goat
2. first; immediate
3. low, near the ground
4. bow, submit, offer fealty
pelo epelo chair
pelonaro (horse-chair) saddle
pemia peimæb mystery; the unknowable; suspense
pempa peilbu hourglass
pepa pepə last, final
pepe (pebe) epepe
peria peras (knight) noble or honorable person
petu peitu apart; far away
pi pi fingernail
piazar Miw pjaza:r magnolia
pielu epeilu to rain
piesa epeiša fish
pila pila send
po poun island
poge (paboge) epæpoge to curse, swear
poni pouni plants, vegetation
ponim Miw pu:ni:m burrow
popu popu fear, apprehension
Poria Poraš a river of Huyfarah
poria porat trustworthy
prai Miw plaj bead
pron Miw pru:n to buy
pua puwə nose
puma kpuəma smoke
pumareue smoke+water steam
punem Ndd. purnem heathen
Puoni epuonim (heathen) 1. of Kuaguatia
2. the language of Kuaguatia
ra ha meat
racui hačiš garlic
rade ræde
radiro hadirlo open, available
Ragui Hagibəl central Huyfarah
rakori Miw rhamkuri: oak
rapaba hæpabe (begin) to become
rari rari (addicted) to need
Raria Haran person native to old Huyfarah
Rasadia Rasedan Rathedan, the western mountain region
ratiu hætud (veteran) 1. veteran
2. lifelong
ratu rætu to hear
regue (water-upward) a spring (of water)
reguo (reueguo) hewegou dock, pier, wharf
rei hiəm cloud
reilu hislu (child, heir) 1. child
2. firstborn son
reiu 1. rewŋ
2. rewŋəl
1. flat, smooth
2. platform
reiulo rewŋlo - plain, flatlands
reivo hisəl (bequeath) + vo heir
renei (water-fly) rainstorm
reo Æð. re:o fox
reokue (water-grain) rice
reteka (reueteka) heweteka navy, fleet
reue hewe water
reuebe rewebe (unable, useless) 1. useless
2. neglected or forgotten (for lack of worth)
reuemio (water-not-deep) a ford
ria hab to eat
rialu haglu (gross) 1. disgusting, gross
2. bad or disgusting food; offal (by confusion with eat)
ricui hičidə (misuse of office) incompetent; incompetence
rie 1. hei (blue)
2. heil
1. blue or green
2. foreign
riebelo (blue-farm) vineyard
riefram (blue-berry) grape
riekou helkun enemy
riepiu heipud (crooked, deformed) 1. deformed, misshapen
2. mentally ill; having a twisted or sick mind
rievo ebreibo (partially reborrowed) ruins; old remains
rifia rifəs ugly
rio hou coast
riola roulə (care for) to nurse (the ill)
rioziu houzuŋ left side
riso rišo con, defraud
Ristiu Histuənə an Eastern nation
ritiu hitugə (physical reality) tangible, solid, physical
riu 1. rud
2. huz
1. man
2. mouse
riua hiəwa rotten
robe robe feather
roda roda have, own
rodu rodu possessions; one's things
roga rogə 1. to perform, act
2. to hold up under pressure
rubasto Ndd. rubásto belligerent, aggressive
rulasa rulasa whore, prostitute
rumu huəmu wrong
runa ruənah (pagan priest) blasphemer
rupei hupis conquer; overcome
rusua rušan to blame
ruzatiu huzætugə (immorality, evil) vice, corruption, wrongdoing
saci sæči soft
sacui +hačiš (garlic) onion
salei (meat-bird) chicken
sama Aθ. sáma lamp, candle
samori Ndd. sámoddi mortar, cement
sare +ware (love) passion; great love affair
satiu sætugə virtue, morality; faithfulness
secasei sečasin lucky, fortunate
secua sečas good luck, good fortune
sede +wede (vegetable) cabbage
sei siən - drink
seien Ndd. sé'ején metallurgy
seilu +hislu (child) baby, infant
seisa sissa (bitch) dog
seka seka 1. name
2. to call
selo selo spear
semar Ndd. semar copper
sercaio serčaok emperor
serei serin imperial
sernia sernat (minister of state) high counselor
seteika Tl. setie:k longbow
seue +hewe (water) 1. lake
2. alcohol
sia sæp give
siareue sæŋ+hewe wash
sicui +hičidə (misuse of office) bad king, evil emperor
sie seiš louse, tick
siekou + helkun (enemy) arch-enemy
siepu +heipud (deformed) abomination
silo 1. silo
2. +wilo (house)
1. tooth, fang
2. villa, estate
sima +wimə (mud) shit, excrement
Sincan reborrowing of Siənčæn the ancient emperor Siənčæn
sio souŋ knee
siodiu soudul powder, dust
siodu ksoudu
siomu (sand-measure) time
siopu +woupu (remember) story, tale (historical)
sira (backformed from siralo) to sell sex
siralo siralo brothel
siravo (sira + agt.) prostitute
Sisei šišin a mountain range far to the north
siu 1. sur
2. suš
1. tomorrow
2. nearby
sou šuən stab
suei šuys compassionate
susei sušin neighbor
suzaca Tl. su:zatsa (press) grind; press; crush
suzatikuo (grind-stone) millstone, grindstone
suzavo (grind-vo) 1. a grain mill
2. an olive press
tabatia (white-mountain) snowstorm; heavy snowfall (after a northern peak)
taca tača sister
tadei tædil oar
tadi tædi shelter
Tagua Dagæm a group of islands off the Kuaguan coast
tamar Miw ta:mal cliff, bluff
taolia Tl. tayolam bronze
teaci Tl. teatsi (arrow) 1. arrow
2. archery
tei 1. tid
2. tir
1. flea
2. door
teinaka flea-pain itch
teka teka army
terain Ndd. teddain cheese
tero Ndd. teddo milk
tia tæm southward
Tia Tal western hinterlands of old Huyfarah
tiacea Tl. tastsefa tin
tiatrei Tl. tatstlik' shirt, tunic
tibo diəbo fat, grease, oil
tiebe teibe together
tiegua teiŋgas (punt) small or shallow river (such that only a small boat could navigate it)
tienu teiŋu pull
tiesie tesses soldier
tietu teitu wide, broad; expansive
tieua eteiwa tail
tikuo tikou stone, rock
tiliozo Tl. tiliolzo principle, conviction
timpiza Miw timpi:za necklace
tio 1. tol
2. toun
1. to shine
2. hand
tiro backformation from otiro (week, tenday) a half-week, a five-day
tivor Miw ti:vur (funny-tree) hickory
Tivoremio 'hickory ford' a town of central Kuaguatia
toba toba horn
toezo Tl. toezo to pack
tonton Miw tuntun (red-red) a cardinal
tor Miw tu:l acorn
treoka Tl. tKeyo:k'a: blue jay
tukuatei Tl. tuq'antis gemstone
tulia tulas cinnamon
tuma tuma (pirate) 1. pirate
2. parasite
uaba wabə to hit
uaga wagah peace, truce
uare wære to love
uateua (snake-tail) handle
uba ubak (palace) seat of government; capital
ubu ubu 1. soon
2. nearly
uede wede vegetable
uedepron (vegetable-buy) market day
uei 1. wiəm
2. wiməl
1. live
2. dirty, soiled
uestir Ndd. wéspil criminal
uia waš to dig
uigatia wozgatač (trireme) warship
uilo wilo house; home
uima wimə mud, dirt
uimie wimes adjacent, connected
uimuilo (adjacent-house) shed, outbuilding
uiolo wošlo (hick town) village
uiopu woupu remember
uma uəmə joke
umoro umoro (be picky) discriminate; discern
usobe ušobe (be horny) be in love
uta uəta humor, wit
vacuna +pačuna (count) accounts, financial records
varia Miw varja dance
vavo (avavo) avavo (poor, miserable) to suffer
veria +peras (knight) baron, nobleman
vizuar Miw vi:zwal pine
voni +pouni (plant) formal garden
Vontovar 'grove' the largest town of Kuaguatia, in the south
vontovar Miw vu:ntuval (grove) grove; stand of trees
vopu +popu (fear) terror
voria +porat (trustworthy) fact
vouan Miw vuwan fall, drop
zafuita Miw zafwita: (nest) 1. a bird's nest
2. a mess or tangle
zaga jægə indignant, furious, spurned
zega jegə pron. who, what
zei Æð. ze: planet
zibe jibe bad
zieme Æð. zjeme friend
ziku jiəku (hard) hard (not soft); solid; brittle
zin Ndd. zin wine
zini jiənih iron; steel
zinieze (wine-clean) chemical solvent
zokron Miw zukatun (fruit-red) tomato
zori jori wake up
zua jæn knife
zuepa jeipə insult; be rude to; rudeness
zuiki Miw zwi:ki (moon) moon; month
zuma juma complain; protest
zuo jos awake, conscious; 'on the ball', 'with it'