East Yalan/Lexicon

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East Yalan lexicon

Note: the elements in superscript appear only when it is allowed by phonotactics, otherwise they are elided.

A

  • aga n – forehead;
  • age n – hole;
  • ahai n – cloth;
  • ahe n – ashes;
  • ahe, ake- v 1 – be (copula);
  • ahe, ake- a 1 – other;
  • ahehe n – knife;
  • ai pr – 3sg in;
  • aicici v 1 – need, must have;
  • aigau n – shoe;
  • aigehe, aigaxe- v 1 – meet;
  • aigi pr – every;
  • aiguwai v 3 – prevent, disable;
  • aikainau v 4 – return;
  • aimaivi, aimaipi- v 1 – disturb;
  • aimau v 4 – worry, grieve;
  • aimaura v 2 – perceive;
  • aimauraha n – perception;
  • aimegai n – mother;
  • aimukanai v 3 – wrap around;
  • aimusaicai v 3 – turn;
  • ainau v 4 – arrive;
  • aipikau a 4 – green;
  • aisa n – horn;
  • aisa a 2 – foreign;
  • aisama n – guest;
  • aitaimau v 4 – chew;
  • aitauhu, aitauxu- v 1 – talk about;
  • aiti a 1 – dark;
  • aivau n – finger;
  • aivauxai v 3 – show;
  • aivi n – ground;
  • aixiki n – ice;
  • aixiti a 1 – bad;
  • aizegai n – father;
  • ajai v 3 – experiment;
  • ajapa a 2 – glorified;
  • aje n – beaver;
  • ajeje, ajace- v 1 – walk;
  • ajejema n – traveller;
  • ajema n – finder;
  • aka a 2 – similar, resembling;
  • akese n – leg;
  • ame n – knee;
  • amemai a 3 – complete;
  • amenai n – deer;
  • aneza num – 10;
  • anezena num – 100;
  • anuhau n – leather;
  • anyeve n – sign;
  • arezau v 4 – dance;
  • atera v 2 – tell (a story);
  • aterema n – storyteller;
  • atisaigi n – worm;
  • au v 5 – be (located);
  • auha n – expression;
  • auhu n – belly;
  • auhuza n – wolf;
  • aujau n – ant;
  • aujuha n – roach;
  • aukixau v 4 – climb;
  • aunyai par – is it? (interrogation);
  • aura num – 9;
  • auraneza num – 19;
  • aurape, aurap- v 1 – collect;
  • aureja pr – some;
  • aurena num – 90;
  • ausutaijeje pp – out of;
  • ausutaizi pp – outside;
  • ausutayau v 4 – say;
  • autaixa n – stone;
  • autamema n – thief;
  • autanai n – bee;
  • autape, autap- v 1 – steal;
  • autehe, autake- v 1 – replace;
  • autuzu pp – without;
  • auvu n – country;
  • auxai a 3 – easy;
  • auxaihu, auxaiku- v 1 – accept;
  • auxanai v 3 – hide sth;
  • auxaza n – child;
  • auxuku n – moon;
  • auzu, ausu- v 1 – be (possessive);
  • awau n – word;
  • axai a 3 – white;
  • axaurema n – priest;
  • axeke n – neck;
  • axepe n – tail;
  • axepe a 1 – yellow;
  • ayugu, ayaug- v 1 – prove;
  • aze n – star;
  • aze, ate- v 1 – learn;
  • azega v 2 – breathe;

C

  • cai a 3 – true;
  • cai, caica pr – 2pl;
  • caigema n – ruler, king;
  • caigi, caig- v 1 – rule;
  • cainau v 4 – insist;
  • caivi n – ear;
  • caka n – duck;
  • cake, cak- a 1 – round;
  • cane n – rice;
  • cate n – gem;
  • caxau a 4 – long;
  • caya v 2 – stretch;
  • ceca n – tool;
  • cehaceke n – east;
  • ceje, cace- v 1 – come, go;
  • cejema n – voyager;
  • cera n – crab;
  • ceta n – shout, cry;
  • cetage n – hair;
  • cihi, caiki- a 1 – indeed, very;
  • cima a 2 – empty;
  • civau n – snake;
  • civegai v 3 – believe;

E

  • ege c – but;
  • ehe, ake- v 1 – burn, set on fire;
  • ehunu, ehaun- v 1 – burn, be in flames;
  • ehuseme n – shaman;
  • ekau n – fire;
  • eneze n – bone;
  • eraimu n – lifestyle;
  • ere n – horse;
  • evaunauta n – journey, travel;

G

  • ga n – rabbit;
  • gai n – body;
  • gaixita v 2 – storm;
  • gaizau n – clan;
  • gaka num – 20;
  • gauhazai n – river bank;
  • gehe num – 2;
  • geheneza num – 12;
  • gicikaimau n – butterfly;
  • gitau n – family;
  • gixitaha n – destruction, violence;
  • gixitaza n – storm;
  • gunu, gaun- v 1 – marry;

H

  • ha num – 5;
  • ha pp – as;
  • haneza num – 15;
  • hate pp – on;
  • haure n – tribe;
  • hautau a 4 – soft;
  • hauvau n – wax;
  • havau v 4 – drink;
  • hegau n – gold;
  • hehuzu pp – above;
  • hejai v 3 – spit;
  • heka n – hill;
  • heke n – cliff;
  • hena num – 50;
  • heva a 2 – strong;
  • heveza n – strength;
  • hiheza n – sister;
  • hikainye n – charisma;
  • hina n – woman;
  • hirigi n – iron;
  • husaicai v 3 – lay;
  • huza n – dawn;

I

  • ipau n – barrier;
  • ivi, aipi- v 1 – block;

J

  • ja pp – above;
  • jaitixa v 2 – whistle;
  • jake, jak- a 1 – slow;
  • jana v 2 – count;
  • jape, jap- v 1 – pull;
  • jatai n – snow;
  • jegigema n – enemy;
  • jegigi, jegaig- v 1 – hate;
  • jehau v 4 – shine;
  • jenau v 4 – complete;
  • jenuzu pp – across;
  • jeziza n – winter;
  • jura v 2 – feel;
  • juraha n – impression;

K

  • ka par – behold;
  • ka a 2 – obvious(ly);
  • kagema n – person, being;
  • kahe n – wind;
  • kai n – breast;
  • kai a 3 – thin, slim;
  • kaisiki n – house;
  • kaixikai v 3 – seek;
  • kaizaihi n – fragment;
  • kaizara a 2 – hungry;
  • kaizecainyi, kaizecainy- v 1 – lack;
  • kaizeha v 2 – erase;
  • kaizehau n – void;
  • kaizi n – frog;
  • kaje, kace- a 1 – angry;
  • kakai v 3 – live;
  • kanai v 3 – cover;
  • kapa num – 40;
  • kape, kap- v 1 – cut;
  • kare n – scorpio;
  • kasepa v 2 – devote;
  • kate n – sheep;
  • kateta n – aunt, uncle;
  • kaugu, kaug- v 1 – rain;
  • kauhau a 4 – possible, possibly;
  • kaupauki n – squirrel;
  • kauta n – rain;
  • kauxeka a 2 – naked, bare;
  • kauxikai n – mole;
  • kauza n – colour;
  • kauzuta n – healer;
  • kazai v 3 – sense a taste, smell;
  • kehe n – crow;
  • kene pr – that many;
  • kepahe num – 8;
  • kepaheneza num – 18;
  • kepaka num – 80;
  • kesa a 2 – bad-smelling;
  • keta n – room, floor;
  • kevai n – world;
  • keve num – 4;
  • keveneza num – 14;
  • keza n – man;
  • kezau pr – many;
  • kiha v 2 – hold;
  • kihau n – trap;
  • kijeje, kijace- v 1 – fall;
  • kijihi pp – down;
  • kima n – eagle;
  • kimau v 5 – move out;
  • kisaihi n – sun;
  • kizau n – hand;
  • kizi pp – below;
  • kuhau n – milk;
  • kuma n – box;
  • kupau v 4 – compare;
  • kutaugu, kutaug- v 1 – end;

M

  • maigau n – custom;
  • manye n – south;
  • marete a 1 – interesting;
  • masutau n – mountain;
  • mata a 2 – sick;
  • mau a 4 – sad;
  • mauna num – 70;
  • maure n – silver;
  • mauzu pp – towards;
  • maxeta v 2 – praise;
  • meke n – news;
  • meme n – mom;
  • mezikai n – light;
  • miraigu n – culture;
  • miveme n – boat;
  • muhutu, muhautu- v 1 – follow;
  • mukisaihi, mukisaiki- v 1 – look;
  • mureneza num – 17;
  • muru num – 7;
  • mutauhu, mutauxu- v 1 – talk with;
  • muveze, muvase- v 1 – want;
  • muzuhu, muzauku- v 1 – chase;
  • muzuja v 2 – press, push;

N

  • nai pr – 3pl;
  • nai, naica pr – 1sg;
  • naiciki n – west;
  • naneza num – 11;
  • naseta n – voice;
  • nau num – 1;
  • nave v 1 – understand;
  • nehai a 3 – old;
  • netese v 1 – paint;
  • nexaje, nexace- a 1 – dangerous;
  • nimauhu n – horizon;
  • niri n – north;
  • nusuke a 1 – happy;

P

  • pa pr – all;
  • pa n – sea;
  • pa v 2 – be, exist;
  • pahasete v 1 – repeat, be again;
  • pahuhu n – cat;
  • paihai v 3 – form;
  • paihi n – egg;
  • paipi n – board;
  • paje, pace- v 1 – threaten;
  • pakau n – fist;
  • pamauku n – strand;
  • pame, pam- v 1 – hear;
  • papa v 2 – dry out;
  • parai n – mouse;
  • patage, patag- a 1 – continuous(ly);
  • pate v 1 – touch;
  • pate, pat- a 1 – now;
  • pau n – face;
  • paucainyi, paucainy- v 1 – enclose;
  • pauhu n – highland;
  • paumau n – building;
  • pausama n – builder;
  • pautu, paut- v 1 – build;
  • pautusu a 1 – always;
  • pawau n – door;
  • paxai a 3 – normal;
  • paza a 2 – today;
  • pazau n – year;
  • pe, pas- a 1 – dry;
  • pecane, pecan- v 1 – cook;
  • pecanema n – chef;
  • pegai v 3 – think;
  • pegaiha n – opinion;
  • pehai n – monster;
  • pehau n – island;
  • pehaunu n – sailor;
  • peheki v 1 – prefer;
  • pehiri, pehair- v 1 – flash;
  • penai v 3 – complain;
  • pesamai n – adult;
  • pesaze n – arm;
  • pexau n – dust;
  • pexaze, pexase- a 1 – thick;
  • pezeme n – cheese;
  • pitai n – forest;
  • pitaisici v 1 – win;
  • puha v 2 – allow;
  • pusauzu n – tree;

R

  • raihe a 1 – huge;
  • raka v 2 – use;
  • rane n – lake;
  • rarai a 3 – beautiful;
  • rateta n – destiny;
  • rehape, rehap- v 1 – cut off;
  • rehuzu, rehausu- v 1 – kill;
  • reme, ram- v 1 – be used;
  • rete pp – with;
  • reteze, retase- a 1 – owned;
  • rezaca v 2 – open;
  • rivai n – plant;
  • ruxai v 3 – affect;
  • ruzu pp – against;

S

  • sa num – 3;
  • sacainyi, sacainy- v 1 – seem;
  • sahe, sake- a 1 – visible;
  • sai c – and;
  • sai, saica pr – 2sg;
  • saicai v 3 – give;
  • saire v 1 – laugh;
  • saitita n – shadow;
  • saka a 2 – weak;
  • saka n – appearance;
  • sake v 1 – own;
  • saketai v 3 – know;
  • samau v 4 – regret;
  • saneza num – 13;
  • sape, sap- v 1 – get;
  • sate pp – near;
  • satekau a 4 – blue;
  • sau pr – what;
  • sau n – language, tongue;
  • saukusau v 4 – rip;
  • sauzu n – heart;
  • saxau n – day;
  • saxecama n – singer;
  • saxeke v 1 – sing;
  • saze n – sky;
  • sehau n – oil;
  • sehaututa n – friend;
  • sehuteze, sehutase- a 1 – associate;
  • sejape, sejap- v 1 – take;
  • sena num – 30;
  • senecaime n – warrior;
  • seta n – lizard;
  • sezuhu, sezauku- v 1 – catch;
  • sigi, saig- v 1 – run;
  • sihau n – baby;
  • siyau n – shoulder;
  • sizau v 4 – send;
  • sizuza n – autumn;
  • suja v 2 – put;
  • sutauzu pp – inside;

T

  • ta par – not;
  • ta, taca pr – 1pl;
  • tai n – meat;
  • taihau n – fat;
  • taihema n – creator;
  • taihi, taih- v 1 – make;
  • taixau n – clay;
  • taizi, taisi- v 1 – must;
  • take n – fruit, berry;
  • takeze, takase- v 1 – enter;
  • tamate v 1 – change;
  • tata n – morning;
  • tau c – because;
  • tauha n – conclusion;
  • tauhau n – mouth;
  • tauheza n – spring;
  • tauhi, tauxi- v 1 – begin;
  • tauhu, tauxu- v 1 – speak;
  • tauka num – 60;
  • taumaira a 2 – last;
  • taupa n – nut;
  • tauxuku a 1 – dated;
  • taxekau n – profanity;
  • taya n – head;
  • tazau a 4 – tired;
  • tegau v 5 – move to;
  • teha v 2 – happen;
  • tehau n – saliva;
  • tehecainyi, tehecainy- v 1 – result;
  • tekake n – volcano;
  • tere, tar- a 1 – red;
  • teruza n – summer;
  • tesakaixiki a 1 – mighty, powerful;
  • tesakaurau a 4 – skilled;
  • tesake n – skill;
  • tesate, tesatas- v 1 – fly;
  • tesava n – water;
  • tesaze n – seagull;
  • texaha a 2 – wet;
  • texaigeme, texaigem- v 1 – kiss;
  • teza n – god, good spirit;
  • tihunu n – needle;
  • timau v 4 – eat;
  • tinyi pr – who, what (anim.);
  • tisaihai a 3 – flat;
  • tuci n – dog;
  • tuhata a 2 – black;
  • tuhau v 4 – compose;
  • tuhema n – hunter;
  • tuhu, tauku- v 1 – hunt;
  • tukeneza num – 16;
  • tuku num – 6;
  • tumacese a 1 – new;
  • tumau n – homeland;
  • tusaugi n – skin;
  • tusaukaixikai v 3 – find;
  • tuxaupusu a 1 – healthy;
  • tuzau n – table;
  • tuzu n – fish;

U

  • uxaiha v 2 – waste;

V

  • va n – plain;
  • vai pr – 3sg an;
  • vapau n – village;
  • vatau v 5 – move;
  • vatuzu pp – around;
  • vautau n – cow;
  • vege pp – near;
  • vene n – bay, gulf;
  • vetane, vetan- v 1 – continue;
  • vetausaicai v 3 – exchange;
  • vetauzimau v 4 – vomit;
  • veze, vase- v 1 – like, love;
  • viji n – dew;
  • vikaze n – evil spirit;
  • vita n – brother;

X

  • xa n – brain;
  • xa a 2 – good;
  • xage n – blood;
  • xahau n – air;
  • xai v 3 – try;
  • xaija v 2 – agree;
  • xaijakesa n – mediator;
  • xaimi, xaim- v 1 – work;
  • xaita a 2 – big;
  • xaitai n – bird;
  • xakau a 4 – grey;
  • xakepa v 2 – wait for;
  • xama n – human;
  • xamau n – bed;
  • xane, xan- v 1 – sleep;
  • xasetau v 4 – promise;
  • xataizi n – sand;
  • xau n – nose;
  • xaugu, xaug- v 1 – fall;
  • xauku, xauk- v 1 – drop;
  • xaupehai n – lion;
  • xaupu n – tooth;
  • xaurau n – animal;
  • xausutu a 1 – affraid;
  • xauza n – lips;
  • xauzu pp – beyond;
  • xaxe n – cyclone;
  • xayau n – lungs, chest;
  • xazai v 3 – bleed, be injured;
  • xazai v 3 – lend;
  • xega n – hare;
  • xehutu, xehautu- v 1 – exceed;
  • xeje n – linden;
  • xekajape, xekajap- v 1 – remove;
  • xekakau n – foot;
  • xekapa v 2 – die naturally;
  • xekauzu pp – away from;
  • xekaxazai v 3 – die unnaturally;
  • xetamau v 4 – ask;
  • xicaija n – jaw;
  • xicaini, xicain- v 1 – smile;
  • xihi pp – up;
  • xikai n – night;
  • xipaixa a 2 – complex;
  • xixaimai n – river;
  • xizi, xaisi- a 1 – brave;
  • xugu, xaug- a 1 – small;
  • xukau a 4 – young;
  • xukau n – eye;
  • xukau a 4 – fast, quick;
  • xukautau v 4 – see;
  • xuzu, xausu- v 1 – be named;

Z

  • zapa n – mushroom;
  • zeze n – dad;
  • zuzu n – estuary;