Yewedu/Lexicon

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All Wendoth Etymologies are given in their transformed forms where applicable, as in most cases these were the origin of the Yewedu stems.

Nouns

Most Wendoth nouns with monosyllabic nominative forms exhibit innovative nominatives in Yewedu, ultimately derived from the transformed stem that was used in conjunction with most case suffixes. In addition, many nouns that would be expected to end in a long vowel in the nominative end in the corresponding short vowel instead. This is again the result of analogy, in this case to existing nouns exhibiting vowel length alternations between cases.

Nominative Dative Stem Type Gloss Class Etymology
ce II Blood V akshe-
chep chepē III hip; pelvic region, including waist and buttocks VI ebchep(a)-
du I face (of a person) VI emdų- "forehead"
ḍū ḍû II stone, rock VI ḍaų-
fehà fehû II clan VIII acwųã-
gak gehē III dung, feces VI ebngah(a)-
hezû IV mist, fog V ahezh(e)-
hu II water V iho-
ku II eye I ech'ho-
la II jaw, chin VI ųbdha- "chin"
lu lelû IV land, country, region VII obdhoth(e)- "wilderness"
ṛe ṛē II sand V ųze-
šù šû I man (adult male human) I acau-
šhû šhùmû IV village VII eccum(e)-
ṣù ṣû I person, human being I su-
ṣha ṣhē II victory, success VIII assa-
I heart IV tau-
ṭṣù ṭṣû II neighbor I/II achsu-
I forest III įbu-
wex wexā III moon II awex(o)-
ye II fire III yį-
že žû II penis III obje-
žì žî I lip VI ain'ji-

Verbs

Nonpast Stem Past Stem Gloss Gtymology
-eci- -ecihi- tear *och'i'a- (innovated transformed stem)
-ecì- -ecù- say chi(nj)- (with epenthetic vowel)
-ečak -ečaha make noise, make a sound įkaq(o)
-ečetî -ečetìga be tired aḍceting(o)
-ečū -èčû be wet įkaų
-ehuk -ēke be small įhoq(a)
-eje -ejì exist, be real, be true ejhzhe (final vowel "recovered" by analogy to subjunctive)
-eǰēfe- -eǰêfù- split, divide (into pieces) adjaįfe-
-ekhat -ekhete kneel, bow abrqata-
-ekhemā -ekhemā lie (down) aḍxema(m)
-ekhìhì -ekhìhù be respected, be renowned agxaihi
-ela -èlì be unreal, imaginary, hypothetical įdha (final vowel "recovered" by analogy to subjunctive)
-erē -èrî die įraį
-eṣhā -eṣhû crouch, crawl azhesa(ng)
-ešhî -ešhì swell, enlarge edhci(nj)
-etewa- -etewe- press; crush, grind atįva-
-evu -eva be foolish, stupid įbo (final vowel "recovered" by analogy to subjunctive)
-ewē -ewî be friendly, neighborly, hospitable ewaį
-ex -eha sleep įx(o)
-exā -exì be thin ajxaz(e)
-exū- -exû- mix, stir ecxeų-
-eyē -ēnì blink įyen(e)
-eze- -ezì- take off, remove (of clothing, a covering, a bag, etc) dį- (with epenthetic vowel)
-ezē- -ezelì- build, construct (of a building or other large object) įdodha-
-e'u'a -ehuhì be in pain, suffer edh'u'a (innovated transformed stem)
-e'u'e- -ehuhì- push, shove įuį-
-ēdî -ēdî be brave ecndoi
-ēde- -ēde- think (be of the opinion that); think (about); feel (of an emotion); believe (that) įkda-
-ēdēdē- -ēdēdē- sense, be aware of, know įndendoy(a)-
-ēḍuhì- -ēḍūhihù- battle with, make war on abḍaui(n)-
-ēha- -ēhe- trust aveha-
-ēhū -ēhe breathe amhoj- (irregular derivation)
-ēja -ēje lie, speak falsely eḍjha-
-ēǰe- -ēǰì- be after, follow echge-
-ēmì- -ēmù- like, enjoy egmahi(ng)-
-ēnù- -ēnūhù- be in the middle or center of ejnau(m)-
-ēwa- -ēwe- carry abwa-
-ēyē -ēyî urinate agyaį
-ēzù- -ēzuhù- raise, lift; rise (when reflexive) ecdhu(ng)-
-ēẓu- -ēẓa- reach (for), point at; choose ejzo-
-ēžax -ēža be warm, hot (to the touch; not used to express that one feels warm) ojjax(o)
-ēže -ēžî be dry ocje
-ihùč -ihùče break iuk(a)
-iwā -iwû be narrow iųva(m)
-īnu- -înù- wipe, clean off (of grime, dust, etc) ijnaų-
-ìzevà- -ìzevì- trade, exchange (an object); trade in (a commodity) izhebã-
-îdē -îjî groan, moan, scream, shriek idndezh(e)
-îdì- -îdù- kill icndi(nj)-
-îna- -înî- cure, care for (or a sick, injured, or otherwise helpless person); save, rescue ijnehą-
-uše- -ùšì- lack *uc'e- (innovated transformed stem)
-ūhî -ūhehù shine *ubhi(m) (innovated transformed stem)
-ūňi'u- -ûňihù- imagine, envision (in the mind), dream (of) ubnjių-
-û- -ûhù- touch au(h)-
-ûme -ûmû set up camp ucme