Ree Rɛɛ Kıbyaa/Lexicon

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Morphological notes

Nouns:

  • The citation form is the singular (sg).
  • The plural (pl) is always provided in the morphology column.
  • The construct state singular (cnstr) is given where it is not formed regularly through primary mutation of the initial consonant (for nouns beginning with one of /p t k p’ t’ k’ b d ɡ m n ŋ s ʃ/), through prefixation of ı- (for nouns beginning with one of /v w l ɾ j/ or a consonant cluster), or through no change at all (for nouns beginning with a vowel or /h/).
  • The construct state plural (cnstr.pl) is given only where it is not predictable from the other three forms of the noun. For convenience, the construct state singular is given for all such words too, even if the latter is formed regularly.

Verbs:

  • The citation form is the aorist stem (aor).
  • The durative stem (dur) is always given in the morphology column.

Lexicon

lexeme morphology type gloss notes
baa adj long, far, distant
be adj male, masculine
bɔɔ adj big, large, tall
brit adj fragile, delicate
brɛɛ adj soft
bul adj helpful
e adj previous, preceding
gii adj different, other
gir adj beautiful, pretty, handsome, attractive
go adj useless, inadequate, faulty, defective
grıı adj fragrant, good-smelling
gut adj equivalent, matching, complementary
gwaa adj common, ordinary
gwik adj invisible, hidden, secret
gyɛɛ adj bright, white
hambıı adj tiny
hambɔɔ adj enormous, gigantic
handù adj mighty
haŋ adj true, correct
haŋgoo adj hot
hılip adj tight, restrictive
hımbaŋ adj not completely unknown, putative, supposed
hlaruu adj predictable, reliable
hlıgıŋ adj lost, wasted, abandoned
hlınal adj noble, honorable
hlunar adj clean, freshly washed
hnuk adj empty
hŋırɔɔ adj disastrous, devastating, fatal
hŋum adj ancient
hruu adj colorful
hyɔɔ adj blind
ıdwap adj light (not heavy); insignificant, marginal
ırɔɔ adj bad, wrong, false
kɛhaa adj pale
ki adj hollow
kil adj visible, obvious
kıduŋ adj sick, ill
kımıdwaa adj remarkable, unusual
kıruu adj successful, prosperous
kıtsal adj frozen
kıwal adj loud
koo adj warm
krɔɔ adj dry, barren
ksa adj busy, active, energetic, ambitious
ksak adj heavy, solid
ksıı adj full
ksıŋı adj sticky
kšu adj upright, vertical
kwa adj dead
k’ar adj smooth, even, tidy
k’ɛɛ adj flat, horizontal
k’u adj popular, favorite
k’uu adj legendary, famous
k’yu adj calm, quiet
la adj female, feminine
lahnuu adj similar, comparable
lapar adj done, finished
lašpeŋ adj grateful
laštuk adj experienced, mature
lıyaa adj new, young, early
lum adj broad, wide, thick
mel adj yellow, green
mıı adj small, weak
mɔɔ adj good, distinctive, exemplary, typical
ndyaa adj wet, damp
ŋir adj red, orange
ŋul adj blue
ɔmɔɔ adj excellent, extraordinary
ɔŋii adj incompatible, antithetic, opposite
ɔsil adj lethal
paa adj valuable, precious
paksiŋ adj dirty
panɔɔ adj vast, endless
paŋ adj familiar, well-known
pi adj tight, firm, stable, fixed
pisee adj painful
pıl adj closed, locked
prak adj wild, untamed, lively
psuu adj low; shallow
pugen adj just, fair
pyat adj welcome
p’aa adj safe
p’ar adj whole, complete, entire
p’er adj lost, missing, absent
p’o adj useful, suitable, appropriate
p’uu adj liquid
rii adj open
rıgor adj obedient, subordinate
rıgwii adj unsuccessful
sal adj cold
se adj round, curved, bent
sɛɛ adj edible
sii adj obligatory, essential, necessary
sil adj dangerous
sip adj slim, narrow, thin
sıŋil adj cautious, hesitant, timid
sırù adj sacred, holy
sum adj current
šo adj noble, outstanding, ideal
tınıluu adj traditional, customary
tınok adj steep, mountaineous
trip adj salty
tšir adj sharp
tu adj strong, powerful
um adj old, late
adj hard, solid
yaa adj next, following, subsequent
yɛɛ adj short, nearby
yuu adj high; deep
daa adv then, next (irrealis)
dur adv furthermore, in addition
dwaa adv someday
ge adv however, in contrast
gwek adv never
gyal adv together, jointly
har adv then, next (factual)
hasar adv already; recently, earlier on
hašaŋ adv at night, in the dark, secretly
het adv (background marker)
hiŋii adv somewhere else
hıvir adv now; immediately
ka adv really, actually, certainly, in fact, of course
krek adv thus, therefore, as a result
k’u adv only, merely, just, simply
mbiŋ adv openly, straightforwardly
mik adv alone, by oneself
mıvek adv perhaps, maybe, possibly
ndaa adv soon; later on
nu adv finally, eventually, after all; notably, exceptionally
ŋo adv in vain, poorly, only halfway through
ol adv steadily, reliably, easily
ru adv urgently, with determination
sımik adv once (a single time)
su adv barely, with difficulty
šudɔɔ adv sadly, unfortunately, painfully
tii adv rarely, seldom, sometimes
tlin adv again, several times
traa adv a lot, too much, excessively
tri adv often, usually
twat adv always, without exception
vuu adv a little, somewhat
o cj and, also
ro cj or
cj but
sto cj and then (same subject) (used in clause chaining)
ral cj and then (different subject: 1st person) (used in clause chaining)
ıyal cj and then (different subject: 2nd person) (used in clause chaining)
ɛtuk cj and then (different subject: 3rd person) (used in clause chaining)
dem cj (complementiser: factual) (used with aorist verbs)
gɛɛ cj (complementiser: factual) (used with durative verbs)
šıı cj (complementiser: irrealis)
pree cj (complementiser: quotative / reported speech)
t’ın dem this, these
suu dem that, those
babà pl pwabà n.h grandfather
badaa pl batwaa, cnstr bašaa, cnstr.pl baškaa n.h male cousin; nephew
bagyù pl basù, cnstr bılù, cnstr.pl bıglù n.h maternal uncle (brother of mother)
dadà pl twadà n.h grandmother
dahrum (no pl) n.h council of elders
dubrek pl ruuša, cnstr rusek, cnstr.pl ruuška n.h soul, spirit
gıı pl got, cnstr ŋıı, cnstr.pl ŋot n.h twin
hɛgɔɔ pl hrɛgɔɔ n.h widow, widower
hıt pl hwet n.h warrior
hohoo pl hrohoo, cnstr gogoo n.h brother
k’ik pl lee, cnstr sık, cnstr.pl ŋii n.h woman, wife
ladaa pl latwaa, cnstr lašaa, cnstr.pl laškaa n.h female cousin; niece
lagyù pl lasù, cnstr lılù, cnstr.pl lıglù n.h paternal aunt (sister of father)
mamà pl hmamà n.h father
momò pl hmomò n.h baby, infant
nanà pl hnanà n.h mother
nɛɛ pl nınɛɛ n.h tribe, ethnic group
p’ii pl p’wii, cnstr sel, cnstr.pl skel n.h friend, companion
p’il pl p’anil, cnstr sil, cnstr.pl sanil n.h enemy, opponent
p’yan pl swan, cnstr san, cnstr.pl skan n.h child
rep pl pep, cnstr hwɛɛ, cnstr.pl hıgii n.h boy, son
roŋ pl hroŋ n.h girl, daughter
rubii pl hrubii n.h ally
rugik pl hrugik n.h queen, matriarch, chieftain's wife
ruwek pl hruwek n.h god
soo pl sanoo, cnstr syoo n.h peasant
syan pl suyan, cnstr hyan, cnstr.pl huyan n.h orphan
šašà pl šwašà n.h sister
šatwɛɛ pl nıšatwɛɛ n.h relative-in-law (of any gender and generation)
šyuu pl šyanuu, cnstr dyuu n.h ancestor
tɛgwɔɔ pl tɔgwɔɔ n.h tanner
tɛliŋ pl tɔliŋ n.h carpenter
tɛŋɔɔ pl tɔŋɔɔ n.h guard, watchman
tɛšak pl tɔšak n.h shepherd
tɛsol pl tɔsol n.h potter
timibee pl twimibee n.h refugee
tiŋek pl twiŋek n.h pregnant woman
tiplɔɔ pl twiplɔɔ n.h healer
tıŋaa pl tuŋaa n.h blacksmith
tumà pl tıhmà, cnstr rumà, cnstr.pl ıgrumà n.h paternal uncle (brother of father)
tunà pl tıhnà, cnstr runà, cnstr.pl ıgrunà n.h maternal aunt (sister of mother)
twak pl tıgwak n.h mason
t’oo pl mur, cnstr hɛɛ, cnstr.pl hıt n.h man, husband
udık pl ugudık n.h thief
ugal pl ugugal n.h merchant
ugen pl ugugen n.h judge (person)
uguk pl uguguk n.h hunter
uguu pl uguguu n.h hero
ulet pl ugulet n.h trainee, apprentice
umir pl ugumir n.h advisor
unur pl ugunur n.h heir
uŋgik pl uguŋgik n.h elder (member of the council of elders)
uŋii pl uguŋii n.h foreigner, non-Rɛɛ-Kıbyaa person
uruk pl uguruk n.h priest
usuu pl ugusuu n.h captive, prisoner
ušaa pl ugušaa n.h teacher, expert
ušur pl ugušur n.h king, ruler, chieftain
uyum pl uguyum n.h old person
vyar pl hwer, cnstr ıvyar, cnstr.pl ıgyar n.h leader, spokesperson (of a group)
aa pl raa n.a lake
aawɔŋı (no pl) n.a menstruation
arɛɛ pl narɛɛ n.a tooth
ašak pl našak n.a eagle
basyuu pl rıvasyuu n.a lion
daraguu pl darasuu n.a puppy (young dog)
der pl dwer n.a thumb
dip pl rıdip n.a beetle
drep pl nıdrep n.a swarm (of insects)
durɔɔ pl nıdurɔɔ n.a year
dwee (no pl), cnstr ıwee n.a rain
gɛɛ pl ohɛɛ, cnstr ıgɛɛ, cnstr.pl rıgɛɛ n.a fish
git pl gwit, cnstr ŋit, cnstr.pl ŋgit n.a bone
gu pl gut, cnstr ŋu, cnstr.pl ŋut n.a hip
gwik (no pl) n.a snow
haa (no pl), cnstr gaa n.a moon
hɛɛ pl hıı, cnstr gɛɛ n.a lungs
he pl hwe n.a mouse
hee pl hree, cnstr gee n.a day
hiŋ pl hwiŋ, cnstr eeŋ, cnstr.pl reeŋ n.a jaw, chin
hnet pl rıhnet n.a army
hor pl hwar n.a wasp
hraa pl nıhraa n.a full moon
hru pl nıhrù n.a storm
huum pl hruum n.a skin
irii pl nirii n.a vagina
ıbal pl rıbal n.a fingertip
kaa pl hwa, cnstr k’aa, cnstr.pl hıgà n.a snake
kii pl kwii n.a face
kik pl rıkik n.a buck, ram, stag (male horned animal)
kıŋ pl kuŋ n.a cat
kıtšık pl rıkıtšık n.a wolf
kloo pl nıkloo, cnstr hloo n.a disease
kom pl rıkom, cnstr yom n.a evening
ksiŋ pl kusiŋ, cnstr ıksiŋ, cnstr.pl rıksiŋ n.a pig
ksım pl kusım, cnstr ıksım, cnstr.pl rıksım n.a firefly
kšaa pl kušaa, cnstr ıkšaa, cnstr.pl rıkšaa n.a goose
kuu pl kat, cnstr k’uu, cnstr.pl k’at n.a leg
k’a pl k’at, cnstr ha, cnstr.pl hat n.a ear
k’al pl k’wal, cnstr hel, cnstr.pl hıgel n.a bear
k’ee pl k’wee n.a bird
k’et pl rıget, cnstr hit n.a fire
k’ɔɔ pl rıgɔɔ, cnstr hyɔɔ n.a thunder
k’yak pl rıgyak, cnstr sak n.a liver
lɛmaa pl nılɛmaa n.a morning
le pl hle n.a dove
lup pl hlup n.a toe
masyoo pl hmasyoo n.a goat
migaa pl rımigaa n.a sunrise, dawn; sunset, dusk
mıl pl mıt, cnstr vıl, cnstr.pl vıt n.a hand
mın pl hmın n.a penis
mıŋır pl hmıŋır n.a bull
mırıŋ pl hmırıŋ n.a calf (young bovine)
mısan pl hmısan n.a creek, brook
mıtaa pl hmıtaa n.a new moon
moo pl hmoo n.a horn (of an animal)
naa (no pl) n.a smoke
naruu (no pl) n.a steam
nımul pl nınımul n.a rainbow
nɔɔ (no pl) n.a sea, ocean
nor pl nanor, cnstr ınor n.a season (of the year)
ŋal pl hŋal n.a chick, baby bird
ŋalat pl hŋalat n.a chicken
ŋɛpuu pl rıŋɛpuu n.a head
ŋe pl ŋot, cnstr ye, cnstr.pl yot n.a eye
ŋge pl rıŋgè n.a heron (bird)
ŋısaa (no pl) n.a ice
ŋuu pl hŋuu n.a belly, stomach
psal pl rıpsal n.a eclipse
p’ɔɔ (no pl) n.a fate, destiny, luck
rabii pl nırabii n.a frog
rak pl hrak n.a wing
rakuu pl hrakuu n.a prey, game animal
ramin pl nıramin n.a sacrificial animal
ramir (no pl) n.a summer solstice
rɛnɛɛ pl hrɛnɛɛ n.a kid (young goat)
ret pl hret n.a kitten (young cat)
rıı pl nırıı n.a bee
rıŋ pl hrıŋ n.a cow
rıturù pl nırıturù n.a blessing, magic spell (benevolent)
rɔɔ pl hrɔɔ n.a fox
ruka pl hruka n.a raven
rukoo (no pl) n.a summer
rulɔɔ (no pl) n.a late winter / early spring
ruŋir (no pl) n.a autumn, fall
ruškor (no pl) n.a harvest season
rusom (no pl) n.a winter
ruvì (no pl) n.a spring (season)
sagan pl nısagan n.a carp
san pl nısan n.a river
sanɛɛ pl nısanɛɛ n.a family, clan (of people); herd (of animals)
sɛɛ pl sii n.a cloud
sɛkii pl nısɛkii n.a curse, magic spell (evil)
sırak pl nısırak n.a spleen
skuu pl rıskuu n.a spring, well
šaguu pl šasuu, cnstr laguu, cnstr.pl lasuu n.a dog
šak pl šwak n.a animal, creature
šaŋ pl nıšaŋ n.a night
šit pl šet n.a shooting star
šiidi pl nıšiidi n.a testicle
šıı pl šıt, cnstr rıı, cnstr.pl rıt n.a elbow
šom pl šum n.a tongue
taguu pl tıgyuu, cnstr t’aguu, cnstr.pl t’ıgyuu n.a waterfall
te pl twe, cnstr re n.a tail
tii pl twii n.a knee
tik pl tut, cnstr rik, cnstr.pl rut n.a foot
tıı pl rıtıı n.a story, legend
tım pl tum n.a finger
torù pl rıtorù n.a talisman
trɛɛ pl turɛɛ, cnstr drɛɛ, cnstr.pl dıgrɛɛ n.a lamb
trii pl turii, cnstr drii, cnstr.pl dıgrii n.a insect, fly
tsɛɛ pl tusɛɛ, cnstr ıtsɛɛ, cnstr.pl rıtsɛɛ n.a sheep
tsii (no pl) n.a mist, fog
tup pl rıtup n.a heart
t’at pl t’wat, cnstr šat, cnstr.pl škat n.a rabbit, hare
t’ir pl kat, cnstr šir, cnstr.pl gat n.a arm
t’ıl pl t’ul n.a bat
t’ɔɔ pl t’wɔɔ, cnstr šɔɔ, cnstr.pl škɔɔ n.a body
t’oŋ pl rıdoŋ n.a ant
t’ook pl k’in, cnstr šook, cnstr.pl hin n.a horse
t’yaa pl rıdyaa n.a lightning
t’yot pl t’ut, cnstr šyot, cnstr.pl šut n.a shoulder
ugundɔɔ (no pl) n.a the world
pl ruŋ n.a squirrel
vaa (no pl) n.a sun
vaa pl van, cnstr ıvaa, cnstr.pl ıvan n.a lip; (pl) mouth
vagaa pl hwagaa n.a turtle
vamıl pl rıvamıl n.a knuckle
vašaŋ (no pl) n.a equinox
vašik pl rıvašik n.a ankle
vatom (no pl) n.a winter solstice
vıı pl huu, cnstr ıvıı, cnstr.pl ıguu n.a deer
vıkà pl rıvıkà n.a forest elephant
wii (no pl) n.a air, wind, weather, sky
yap pl hyap n.a owl
yasɛɛ pl rıyasɛɛ n.a bellybutton
yaʔuu pl rıyaʔuu n.a rapids, turbulence
yet pl yat n.a breast, nipple
abaa pl rabaa n.i armor
aguu (no pl) n.i fame
agyù pl ragyù n.i wall, fence
akak pl rakak n.i axe
akat pl rakat n.i color
akoo (no pl) n.i heat, warmth, temperature
akɔɔ pl rakɔɔ n.i needle
akwɛɛ pl rakwɛɛ n.i torch
amuu pl amanuu n.i legume, vegetable
aŋɛɛ (no pl) n.i brightness
apaa (no pl) n.i value
aseŋ pl naseŋ n.i bed
asì pl asanì n.i turnip
ataa pl rataa n.i millstone
atɛɛ pl atıı n.i cliff
avɔɔ (no pl) n.i size, height
awat pl rawat n.i group, bunch, collection, quantity, mass
ayaŋ (no pl) n.i peace
bik pl bık n.i feather
bor pl rıvor n.i thing, item, object
brat pl branat n.i constellation, zodiac sign
buu pl rıvuu n.i hat, helmet
buyuu pl rıvuyuu n.i event, incident
byaa pl rıvyaa n.i nest (of birds)
dɛɛ pl rıdɛɛ n.i claw
dit pl rıdit n.i petal
dwɛɛ (no pl) n.i flour
ee pl ree n.i pick, hoe, chisel
ga pl rıgà n.i basket
gee pl gwee, cnstr ŋee, cnstr.pl ŋgee n.i spike, thorn, prong, tip, peak
geŋ (no pl) n.i morality, ethics, conscience
gi pl n.i mountain
gii pl gee n.i bowl
gin pl rıgin n.i meat, flesh
gıdup (no pl) n.i hunger
gor (no pl), cnstr awar n.i blood
graŋ pl nıgraŋ n.i conversation
grit pl nıgrit n.i dead body
guu pl rıguu n.i cave
guvuu (no pl) n.i pollen
hen (no pl) n.i ashes
himii pl hrimii n.i sacred grove
hiŋgup pl hriŋgup n.i midden, waste collection area
hir pl hyar, cnstr gir, cnstr.pl gyar n.i side, edge, border
hirɔɔ pl hnirɔɔ n.i steppe, desert
hišak pl hnišak n.i barn, stables, house or enclosure for livestock
hitoo pl hritoo n.i vineyard
hıdoo pl hrıdoo n.i knife
hıkıı pl hrıkıı n.i river delta
hıl pl hul, cnstr gıl, cnstr.pl gul n.i bow
hısı pl hnısı n.i poplar tree
hlut (no pl) n.i sand
hnır (no pl) n.i festival location
hŋuu pl rıhŋuu n.i trap
hrıı pl nıhrıı n.i bronze (piece of)
hu pl hru n.i pan
hur pl hnur, cnstr hwar, cnstr.pl nıhwar n.i rock, boulder
huu (no pl), cnstr guu n.i shadow
hwee pl rıhwee, cnstr wee n.i hill
hyoo pl rıhyoo, cnstr yoo n.i string, thread
idlì pl nidlì n.i plow, tiller
idor pl ridor n.i paintbrush
igat pl rigat n.i travois, sledge
ikee pl rikee n.i shovel
ipıl pl ripıl n.i lock
ipuu pl ripuu n.i hammer
irà pl nirà n.i atlatl (spear-thrower)
isee pl nisee n.i whip
isù pl nisù n.i rope
išù pl nišù n.i ladder
ıgwɔɔ pl rıgwɔɔ n.i leather (piece of)
ılɛhı pl nılɛhı n.i blanket
ırɔti pl nırɔti n.i necklace
ıroo (no pl) n.i wine
ısıp pl nısıp n.i river mouth, confluence
ıtal pl rıtal n.i amphora
ıyot pl rıyot n.i kidney
kɛnap pl rıkɛnap n.i decision, choice
kɛyar pl rıkɛyar n.i question
ke pl kot, cnstr k’e, cnstr.pl k’ot n.i shoe
kıbyaa (no pl) n.i the region where Ree Rɛɛ Kıbyaa is spoken
kıduu pl rıkıduu n.i clearing, glade
kındee pl rıkındee n.i announcement, declaration
kınii pl rıkınii n.i game
kre pl kra, cnstr gre, cnstr.pl gra n.i log, piece of firewood
kruu pl nıkruu, cnstr gruu n.i room (in a house)
kset pl rıkset n.i jewellery (piece of)
ksii pl rıksii n.i sensation, perception
kšak pl rıkšak n.i bread (loaf of)
ku pl rıkù n.i pot
kyot pl rıkyot n.i hearth, oven
k’aa pl rıgaa, cnstr hyaa n.i weapon
k’ik pl rıgik, cnstr sik n.i statement, opinion
k’ı pl k’o n.i ash tree
k’uu pl rıguu, cnstr hyuu n.i area, region
leŋ pl nıleŋ n.i forest
let pl lat n.i beech tree
lik pl nılik n.i cloth, fabric (piece of)
lımbù pl nılımbù n.i chestnut tree
lındaa pl nılındaa n.i pear tree
lıŋɛɛ pl nılıŋɛɛ n.i birch tree
luŋuu pl nıluŋuu n.i bead, pearl
mat pl rımat n.i village
mii pl mee n.i grain, wheat
mıhnal pl rımıhnal n.i alliance
mıŋɔɔ pl rımıŋɔɔ n.i option, possibility
mısap pl rımısap n.i trail
mısii (no pl) n.i speed
mıšaa pl rımıšaa n.i juniper tree
mıtıı pl rımıtıı n.i anecdote, piece of information
mıvak pl rımıvak n.i flint
muyuu pl rımuyuu n.i roof
nek pl nak n.i candle
nen pl nan n.i mark, token, characteristic attribute
ŋɛɛ pl gwɛɛ, cnstr yɛɛ, cnstr.pl ıgyɛɛ n.i arrow
ŋel pl ŋal n.i branch (of a tree)
ŋii pl rıŋii n.i house
ŋıı pl rıŋıı n.i drum
ŋıŋì pl rıŋıŋì n.i rowan tree
ŋıwek pl rıŋıwek n.i grave
ŋɔɔ pl rıŋɔɔ n.i door, gate
ŋu pl rıŋù n.i river crossing, ford
ŋuyoo pl rıŋuyoo n.i shirt
oom (no pl) n.i age
pe (no pl) n.i ground, floor
pet pl pat, cnstr vet, cnstr.pl vat n.i star
pet pl sat, cnstr myat, cnstr.pl rımyat n.i egg
pin pl rıpin n.i oak tree
pl pu, cnstr vı, cnstr.pl vu n.i nut
pık pl pok, cnstr vık, cnstr.pl vok n.i valley
pso pl rıpsò n.i stick
raa pl nıraa n.i lowlands, plains
ragar pl nıragar n.i mushroom
rɛduu pl nırɛduu n.i landmark, place of interest
remuu (no pl) n.i juice, sap
rip (no pl) n.i salt
rıkɛɛ pl nırıkɛɛ n.i plan, project, goal
rımà pl nırımà n.i garden
rıwik pl nırıwik n.i knot
rugii pl nırugii n.i cask, barrel
rugɔɔ pl nırugɔɔ n.i heathland, shrubland
ruguu pl nıruguu n.i shield
rukii pl nırukii n.i mask
rumet pl nırumet n.i castle, fortress, tower
rutaa pl nırutaa n.i oath, pledge
sap pl nısap n.i road, path
ser pl ter, cnstr ler, cnstr.pl t’er n.i coal (piece of)
sin pl nısin n.i moment
sisoo pl nısisoo n.i sickle
sit pl nısit n.i soup, stew
sol (no pl) n.i clay
sum pl nısum, cnstr gyum n.i ceremony, ritual
suu pl nısuu, cnstr hyuu n.i place, location
suu pl kuu, cnstr luu, cnstr.pl k’uu n.i hole
šanim pl nıšanim n.i war, feud, rivalry
šɛruu pl nıšɛruu, cnstr dɛruu n.i task, duty
ši pl šu n.i lentil
šii pl šee n.i word, name; (pl) language
šim pl nıšim n.i battle, skirmish
šivɔɔ pl nıšivɔɔ n.i building
šıhwɛɛ pl nıšıhwɛɛ n.i marriage
šılak (no pl) n.i supplies, provisions
šımà pl nıšımà n.i shrub, bush
šınar (no pl) n.i grass
šınor pl nıšınor n.i picture, painting
šıvin pl nıšıvin n.i sacrifice
škıı pl rıškıı n.i dream, fantasy
škum pl rıškum, cnstr gum n.i meal
špii pl rıšpii, cnstr bii n.i cake
špı pl rıšpî, cnstr n.i window
štat pl rıštat, cnstr dat n.i food (portion of)
šunap pl nıšunap n.i meeting, group discussion, negotiation
šuŋ pl nıšuŋ n.i pond, small lake
šuu pl nıšuu, cnstr vuu n.i song, piece of music
šuwaa pl nıšuwaa n.i field
šuyaa pl nıšuyaa n.i meadow
šwi pl nıšwi, cnstr dwi n.i cloak, coat
šyaa pl šaa, cnstr dyaa, cnstr.pl daa n.i fir tree
šyaga pl nıšyaga, cnstr dyaga n.i willow tree
šyal pl rıšyal n.i prayer
šyɛɛ (no pl), cnstr dyɛɛ n.i mud
šyo pl nıšyò, cnstr dyo n.i bean
tar (no pl) n.i oil, grease, fat, lard
tɛɛ pl rıtɛɛ n.i spear
tel pl tal, cnstr rel, cnstr.pl ral n.i altar, ritual place
tet pl rıtet n.i copper (piece of)
tiŋ pl nıtiŋ, cnstr riŋ n.i beard
tıgruu pl rıtıgruu n.i box, case
tıhaŋ pl rıtıhaŋ n.i fact
tıl pl tol, cnstr rıl, cnstr.pl rol n.i brick
tılɛɛ pl rıtılɛɛ n.i table, platform
tıluu pl tılanuu, cnstr t’ıluu n.i tradition, rule, law, requirement
tıvot pl rıtıvot n.i gift
tɔɔ (no pl) n.i hair
tɔšak pl rıtɔšak n.i fur
tot pl nıtot, cnstr rot n.i pants, trousers (pair of)
truu pl tranuu, cnstr druu n.i island
tšel pl tšal, cnstr trii, cnstr.pl trɛɛ n.i leaf (of a plant)
tšok pl rıtšok n.i pine tree
tšuŋ pl rıtšuŋ n.i heather
tuŋ pl nıtuŋ, cnstr ruŋ n.i bog, fen
turɔɔ pl rıturɔɔ n.i mistake, error
tyur pl rıtyur n.i flaw, stain, blemish
t’e pl rıdè n.i bridge
t’ii pl rıdii n.i framework, load-bearing structure (of a building)
t’ip pl rıdip n.i tent
t’ok pl rıdok n.i ridge, crest
t’uu pl rıduu n.i land, country
urut (no pl) n.i saliva
uu (no pl) n.i water
uuʔul (no pl) n.i cider (alcohol made from apples)
vak pl rıvak n.i stone
vanar pl rıyar, cnstr ıvanar, cnstr.pl ırıyar n.i boat
vanul pl rıvanul n.i apple tree
varık pl rıvarık n.i ruins (set of)
vir pl rıvir n.i pattern, decoration
vıdii pl rıvıdii n.i fingernail
vıkaa pl rıvıkaa n.i shore, coast
vıl pl ul, cnstr ıvıl, cnstr.pl ıʔul n.i apple
vıŋ pl rıvıŋ n.i service, courtesy, favor
vıtɔɔ pl rıvıtɔɔ n.i farm, grange
vıwɛɛ (no pl) n.i bark (of a tree)
voo pl rıvoo n.i beehive
vundaa pl rıvundaa n.i pear
vuroo pl rıvuroo n.i grape
vyɔɔ pl vuu, cnstr ıvyɔɔ, cnstr.pl ıvuu n.i flower
vyuu pl vıı, cnstr ıvyuu, cnstr.pl ıvıı n.i strawberry
ya (no pl) n.i milk
yorɛɛ pl rıyorɛɛ n.i wool (thread or item of)
ba pp as, like, similar to
bee pp from (movement)
bot pp from, provided by (pegative)
buu pp to the north of; on top of; above
dap pp of, belonging to
dıp pp to the west of; to the left of
ɛvaa pp before
gat pp near
gom pp at, on (stative locative)
got pp behind, at the rear of
gyaa pp except, unless
hadin pp while, during
hasuu pp off of
hatwaa pp when, at, on (temporal)
hɛɛ pp in, inside
hin pp on behalf of, depending on, according to
hıbet pp always when, on every occasion of
hıı pp across, opposite of
hlın pp for the duration of, as long as
hol pp with (comitative)
huu pp beyond, via, by way of
hyaa pp outside of; around
i pp unto, targeting, affecting (~accusative)
il pp in front of
ılɛɛ pp until; up to
ke pp onto
kuyuu pp into
len pp to the south of; at the bottom of; under
lo pp to, towards (movement)
mi pp in the manner of
mıt pp instead of
ndı pp between
nii pp because of, due to
nil pp down, along, with the flow of
ŋgaa pp against, to the detriment of
ŋgu pp out of reach from, far away from
p’uŋ pp with the help of, by doing
pe pp said to, directed at
ranıı pp about, concerning
re pp without
rit pp to the east of; to the right of
rıı pp in order to, for the purpose of, intended for
rum pp next to, beside
rut pp said by, heard from
sɛɛ pp in spite of
siŋuu pp out of
pp made of, composed from
skuu pp at, on (dynamic locative)
so pp for, to (dative)
šip pp through
štıı pp up, contrary to, against the flow of
šur pp ahead of
tar pp based on, given that, in light of
tɔtar pp since; starting from
tɔvaa pp after
u pp in the direction of
pp for the benefit of
vi pp with, using (instrumental)
voo pp if, in case of
ra du rat, pc sta, pl hee pron (1st person pronoun)
ɔɔ du vın, pc spɔɔ, pl ur pron (2nd person pronoun)
gi du gut, pc ski, pl ŋgi pron (3rd person pronoun: human referent)
puu du pon, pc spuu, pl mbuu pron (3rd person pronoun: animate referent)
do du ksıı, pc stıı, pl ndıı pron (3rd person pronoun: inanimate referent)
grɛɛ pron (relative pronoun: human referent)
gwɔɔ pron (relative pronoun: animate referent)
kuu pron (relative pronoun: inanimate referent)
bik ord pık qu 1
kıı ord tu qu 2
duk ord rɛduk qu 3
pal ord rɛpal qu 4
huu ord rɛhuu qu 5
sa ord rɛsà qu 6
sat ord rɛsat qu 12
kol ord rɛkol qu 18
twaa ord rɛtwaa qu 24
še qu no, none of
ŋıı qu some, a few (human or animate referent)
yee qu some, a few (inanimate referent)
de qu many, much, a lot of (human or animate referent)
hni qu many, much, a lot of (inanimate referent)
ne qu each, every (human or animate referent) (distributive, used with sg)
hıt qu each, every (inanimate referent) (distributive, used with sg)
raa qu all (human or animate referent) (collective, used with pl)
ot qu all (inanimate referent) (collective, used with pl)
ar v.aux (optative)
bur v.aux (progressive) (used for telic events)
bur v.aux (energetic)
dɔɔšık v.aux (pluperfect)
duk v.aux (perfect, retrospective)
dwa v.aux (potential)
gaa v.aux (progressive) (used for states and atelic predicates)
kwa v.aux (completive) (used with motion verbs)
lo v.aux (inceptive) (used for states and atelic predicates)
mam v.aux (completive) (used for states and atelic predicates)
mam v.aux (incompletive, conative) (used only with telic predicates)
ɔɔvɔ neg pagɔɔvɔ v.aux (imperative) (polite)
p’ek v.aux (negation)
sii v.aux (inceptive) (used with motion verbs)
so v.aux (obligative)
spɔ neg psavɔ v.aux (imperative)
šek v.aux (completive) (used for telic events)
tek v.aux (progressive) (used with motion verbs)
tsı neg psek v.aux (interrogative)
t’uu v.aux (inceptive) (used for telic events)
šu v.cop (copula)
ak dur agak v.it return, come back
ar dur agar v.it be smooth, be even, be tidy, work as expected
bi dur mbi v.it grow (of plants)
dagaa dur nagaa v.it hide oneself, be stealthy, sneak (aor); plan a surprise, plot, conspire (dur)
daŋ dur naŋ v.it do sth. clever, find a solution (aor); be intelligent, be smart (dur)
dıkil dur niikil v.it happen, occur, appear, step forward
duŋit dur duduŋit v.it shiver
dyaa dur dınyaa v.it be eager, be determined
ɛbil dur bɛbil v.it be aggressive
dur ɛyaŋ v.it enjoy oneself, be confident (aor); be even-tempered (dur)
gadwii dur gagadwii v.it change one's mind, be unreliable, be temporary
gan dur gaŋgan v.it be established, be born (aor); get renewed (dur)
garit dur gagarit v.it flower (of plants)
gavan dur gagavan v.it say too much, give away details (aor); blather, talk a lot (dur)
gavir dur gagavir v.it be decorated, be structured, be elaborate
glo dur ŋgalo v.it come, approach (towards somewhere other than here)
gɔɔ dur ayɔɔ v.it breathe, be alive
grek dur gıgrek v.it walk
gri dur ŋgari v.it come, approach (towards here)
grumın dur gıgrumın v.it be aroused, be horny
gwee dur gamee v.it leave, go away (from somewhere other than here)
haŋgaa dur kaŋgaa v.it be injured, suffer (physically)
hiišu dur lıyıı v.it stand up, rise (aor); be resilient (dur)
hiivi dur iviivi v.it grow (of people and animals)
hiiyum dur ɛyum v.it wake up
hlip dur lıhlip v.it reign, be in charge
hlıŋıŋ dur lıhlıŋıŋ v.it be thoughtful, be pensive
hlısak dur lıhlısak v.it be available, be in stock
hluk dur luhluk v.it vary, be diverse, be inconsistent
hmar dur mahmar v.it be ready
hnıl dur nıhnıl v.it be coarse, be rough, be unordered, pose problems
hŋal dur huuŋal v.it be together, be in a group
hŋɛɛ dur ıŋɛɛ v.it shine
hŋii dur ŋıhŋii v.it be sensitive
hrıdwà dur dıdwà v.it be complex, be sophisticated
hro dur do v.it wait, be patient
dur lɛyeŋ v.it sleep
iŋee dur ŋiŋee v.it be curious
isen dur sisen v.it burn, be on fire
ispet dur sispet v.it die (aor); be moribund (dur)
isunur dur sisunur v.it inherit
ıdup dur uudup v.it be hungry
ım dur ımım v.it pay attention, be alert
ıvom dur ımom v.it hesitate (aor); waste time (dur)
ıyaŋ dur iiyaŋ v.it grieve, mourn, feel sorrow
kɛɛ dur ikɛɛ v.it be nice, be kind
kıdum dur kıgrum v.it fast, abstain from eating
kɔɔmagan dur yɔɔmagan v.it pass (of time)
kuu dur kukuu v.it sit
k’al dur hal v.it pray
k’ek dur gegek v.it be pregnant
k’ii dur gaŋii v.it leave, go away (from here)
k’ıı dur hıı v.it go by boat
k’ıp dur gıgıp v.it speak honestly (aor); be trustworthy (dur)
k’or dur gogor v.it obey, take orders
k’wii dur gıgwii v.it make a mistake, fail
lɛɛ dur lɛlɛɛ v.it laugh, smile
mıdwaa dur mımıdwaa v.it stand out, be remarkable, be unusual
muu dur mumuu v.it succeed, prove one's worth, work out fine (aor); thrive, prosper (dur)
nabeŋ dur nanabeŋ v.it act morally, listen to one's conscience (aor); be righteous (dur)
ndwa dur nındwa v.it exist, be real
nırıŋuk dur nınırıŋuk v.it act prudently, make a well-informed decision (aor); be wise (dur)
ŋgıŋɛɛ dur ŋıŋgıŋɛɛ v.it be tedious, be cumbersome
ŋgup dur ŋguŋgup v.it decay, rot
ŋɔɔ dur ŋɔŋɔɔ v.it be possible, be allowed, be accessible
ɔɔ dur ıʔɔɔ v.it slide, slip, stumble
pan dur van v.it exhaust oneself (aor); be exhausted, be tired (dur)
peeyat dur pepeeyat v.it hatch (of birds)
prin dur vırin v.it be brave, be courageous
pumet dur pupumet v.it become an adult; move out (from one's parents' house)
putir dur puputir v.it drown
pyaseŋ dur pıpyaseŋ v.it get up, start the day
p’ar dur hor v.it fall
p’ii dur bibii v.it jump
p’uu dur hıbuu v.it pass, move on, go forward
rahmɛɛ dur narahmɛɛ v.it be fit, be healthy
raŋgit dur naraŋgit v.it be sturdy, be stable
rek dur rıtek v.it win, be victorious
sa dur tsa v.it work, strive
sɛɛ dur lırɛɛ v.it lie, recline
sɛgaa dur lɛgaa v.it crawl
sidip dur sisidip v.it roam, travel (aor); be nomadic (dur)
sigii dur sisigii v.it be available, have been prepared (of food)
sii dur sirii v.it be fast, be quick
sisan dur sisisan v.it float, drift
sıŋıı dur sısıŋıı v.it be unsure, be in doubt
skıtal dur sıskıtal v.it be available, have been prepared (of drink)
sper dur tısper v.it lose one's way
suhò dur susuhò v.it be impossible, be forbidden, be taboo
suk dur luk v.it be excited, be restless
sur dur tsur v.it dance
šık dur rık v.it flow
špum dur šıšpum v.it rest, relax
štal dur šıštal v.it fly
šuk dur štuk v.it be slow
tatiŋ dur tatatiŋ v.it shave
tir dur titir v.it dive, sink
tıdwee dur tıtıdwee v.it be rainy (of weather)
tıhrù dur tıtıhrù v.it be windy (of weather)
tıhyuu dur tıtıhyuu v.it run away, flee
togar dur totogar v.it undress (aor); be naked (dur)
tol dur rol v.it shout, scream
tsal dur tıtsal v.it freeze
t’uŋ dur dunduŋ v.it be sick
ur dur ırɔɔ v.it blow (air)
vagyù dur vavagyù v.it be fortified (of buildings and settlements)
vɛguu dur vɛvɛguu v.it make a name for oneself
vɛhyɔɔ dur vɛvɛhyɔɔ v.it lose one's eyesight, go blind
vɛmɔɔ dur vɛvɛmɔɔ v.it heal, recover
vik dur vivik v.it turn around
vıduu dur vıvıduu v.it be insignificant, don't matter
vıgum dur vıvıgum v.it grow old, fade, wither, decline
vıŋuk dur vıvıŋuk v.it be stunned, be disoriented, be confused
vuu dur vuvuu v.it be important, be relevant
vuudup dur vuvuudup v.it starve
adıı dur hwadıı v.tr defeat, be superior to
agɛɛ dur igyɛɛ v.tr copy, imitate, mirror
dur aŋaŋ v.tr hurt, injure
arii dur agrii v.tr have sex with
aruu dur daruu v.tr expect, anticipate, be prepared for
bat dur mbat v.tr kiss
bıı dur mbıı v.tr stand in front of, go across, move perpendicular to
bɔdee dur ɔvɔdee v.tr assume, suppose
bum dur mbum v.tr stand beside, go along, move parallel to
bundwiŋ dur bubundwiŋ v.tr keep secret
bunur dur buuvunur v.tr bequeath, pass on to (object: heir)
bwit dur mbwit v.tr convince, persuade
da dur nda v.tr throw
dahno dur darahno v.tr stack, pile up
dırɔɔ dur dıdırɔɔ v.tr ignore, neglect
dli dur dıdlì v.tr plow, till
dɔtıı dur dɔrɔtıı v.tr know (how to do sth.)
dor dur ndor v.tr paint, color, dye
dwit dur ndwit v.tr shake, stir, disturb, irritate
ɛɛ dur hyɛɛ v.tr bite, chew
ɛɛnıšar dur lɛɛnıšar v.tr recognise (things), know (people)
gal dur ŋgal v.tr give
ganak dur gaganak v.tr lead, guide
gaŋgò dur gagaŋgò v.tr be a relative of
gat dur ŋgat v.tr lift, hold up
gɛbeek dur gɛgɛbeek v.tr trade (object: traded goods)
ge dur ŋge v.tr hit, strike
gree dur gıgree v.tr share (object: shared item)
grı dur gıgrı v.tr bend
gruu dur gıgruu v.tr put, place
gunii dur gugunii v.tr change, modify; differentiate (from)
guu dur ŋguu v.tr surprise
gyuu dur kahŋuu v.tr seize, conquer, take by force
habii dur hahabii v.tr play (of music)
hii dur hıgii v.tr feel, sense
hil dur hısil v.tr meet, spend time with (aor); meet regularly, be friends with (dur)
hıkà dur hıkyà v.tr improve
hısal dur hlısal v.tr ask, inquire about (object: topic)
hıwì dur hiiwi v.tr burn
hlɛbuu dur lɛhlɛbuu v.tr reach, arrive at, find
hlɛɛ dur lɛhlɛɛ v.tr visit
hlıŋ dur huulıŋ v.tr think about, ponder, consider
hlısù dur lıhlısù v.tr knit
hnal dur huunal v.tr join, participate
hŋit dur ŋihŋit v.tr analyse
hɔlɔɔ dur hɔhlɔɔ v.tr ease, soothe, relieve
hol dur huul v.tr strew, scatter, sow
hugì dur huugi v.tr warn
hulɛɛ dur huhlɛɛ v.tr invite
hunap dur huhnap v.tr gather, summon (people)
hwɛɛ dur hıpɛɛ v.tr marry
hyut dur hıbıt v.tr receive, take, acquire
ibuu dur isibuu v.tr recall, remember, bear in mind
ii dur arii v.tr fight against
ikoo dur ikyoo v.tr cook, prepare food
imɔɔ dur mimɔɔ v.tr apologise, compensate
ip dur ibip v.tr support, side with, be ruled by
isà dur iisa v.tr become, result in (aor); change into (dur)
it dur ıset v.tr think, reflect, consider, assume
ivɔɔ dur vivɔɔ v.tr build, construct, create
iʔil dur iiʔil v.tr be aware of, know (facts)
ıdî dur uudı v.tr achieve, accomplish
ıduu dur dıduu v.tr dislike, avoid
ıl dur šol v.tr want, desire
ıŋgıı dur lɛkıı v.tr dream (about)
kambek dur kaŋambek v.tr refuse, deny, block, obstruct
kɛhuu dur kɛkɛhuu v.tr sing, chant
kehnegaŋ dur kekehnegaŋ v.tr punish, torture
kii dur lıŋgii v.tr invent, come up with
kıduu dur kıkıduu v.tr protest against, oppose, disagree with
kso dur saksò v.tr borrow (from sb.) (object: borrowed item)
kšot dur šukšot v.tr lend (to sb.) (object: borrowed item)
kun dur kuŋgun v.tr steal
kyor dur kıkyor v.tr respect, be polite towards
k’a dur gagà v.tr ask, demand, request (object: topic)
k’it dur gigit v.tr drink
k’ıŋ dur gıŋgıŋ v.tr lose, waste, squander, abandon
k’ɛɛ dur glɛɛ v.tr challenge, provoke
k’en dur gin v.tr decide, conclude (in favor of)
k’ɔɔ dur gyɔɔ v.tr sew
k’o dur gogò v.tr touch, grasp, catch
k’uk dur guguk v.tr kick
k’uŋ dur guŋguŋ v.tr defend oneself against, resist, defy
let dur lıset v.tr learn, study, train, practice
lit dur lısit v.tr support, hold up (physically), stabilise
lılɔɔ dur lılılɔɔ v.tr fear, be afraid of
lırà dur lılırà v.tr shoot (object: projectile)
lısıl dur lılısıl v.tr examine, inspect, investigate
lunal dur lulunal v.tr joke, cheer up sb.
min dur mimin v.tr sacrifice
mir dur mimir v.tr suggest, advise, encourage
mınɔɔ dur mımınɔɔ v.tr repair
munıı dur mumunıı v.tr diminish, weaken
naabal dur nanaabal v.tr point towards, aim for
naagari dur nanaagari v.tr bring, fetch, deliver (aor); collect, accumulate, supply (dur)
nahŋuu dur nanahŋuu v.tr trick, fool, deceive
nahyò dur nanahyò v.tr wear (clothes)
nal dur nanal v.tr praise, honor
nap dur nanap v.tr choose, select
ndat dur nındat v.tr be angry at, be furious about
ndunat dur nındunat v.tr enrage, provoke
nık dur nınık v.tr destroy
nɔsò dur nɔnɔsò v.tr inherit (object: inheritance)
nuu dur nunuu v.tr be equal to, be similar to
ŋahuu dur ŋaŋahuu v.tr celebrate, perform
ŋasak dur ŋaŋasak v.tr forget
ŋgɛɛ dur ŋıŋgɛɛ v.tr annoy, bother, itch
ŋguk dur ŋıŋguk v.tr hunt, track down
ŋyum dur ŋıŋyum v.tr reinforce, strengthen
ɔguu dur rɔguu v.tr shock, unsettle
ɔŋgɛɛ dur rɔŋgɛɛ v.tr bully, harrass
ɔšup dur rɔšup v.tr push out of the way
oo dur ogoo v.tr ban, prohibit, forbid
padii dur papadii v.tr mock, make fun of
parıyaa dur paparıyaa v.tr be interested in
peeyaŋ dur pepeeyaŋ v.tr regret, repent, suffer (emotionally)
pegii dur pepegii v.tr break up with, get divorced from (aor); live apart from (dur)
pibee dur pipibee v.tr flee, escape from
pinuu dur pipruu v.tr be different from
pugat dur pupugat v.tr win recognition; get sb. to listen
pulɔɔ dur pupulɔɔ v.tr be wary of, be careful with
pusıl dur pupusıl v.tr watch, observe
puu dur vıruu v.tr order, command, instruct (aor); rule over, govern (dur)
pwɛɛ dur pımbɛɛ v.tr like, love
p’eŋ dur bembeŋ v.tr thank
p’yo dur bıbyò v.tr answer
ragyaŋ dur naragyaŋ v.tr negotiate, make a contract with
rak dur rıtak v.tr hope for
rɛva dur drɛva v.tr kill
rem dur randem v.tr hold, bear, carry, be characterised by
rıdù dur dırıdù v.tr curse, condemn, exile
rıgıı dur dırıgıı v.tr woo, court, flirt with (aor); be betrothed to (dur)
ro dur dɔwa v.tr exceed, surpass
rum dur ruvum v.tr bake
ruu dur duruu v.tr recite, tell (a story)
sak dur sasak v.tr store, keep
samir dur sasamir v.tr urge, insist on
see dur sesee v.tr slap, spank
sep dur sesep v.tr pour
sevi dur hosevi v.tr squeeze, pinch
sıhyoo dur sısıhyoo v.tr spin (yarn)
sıl dur sısıl v.tr see, look at
sılik dur sısılik v.tr weave
sımuu dur sısımuu v.tr solve, overcome
sını dur tsını v.tr comment on
skaa dur sıskaa v.tr forge
skaruu dur sıskaruu v.tr be sure of
sɔɔ dur sɔsɔɔ v.tr melt
spoo dur sıspoo v.tr clean up, brush, sweep
stak dur tıstak v.tr release, set free (aor); keep apart (dur)
stee dur tıstee v.tr declare, announce
stı dur tıstî v.tr try, attempt
suŋglik dur susuŋglik v.tr wrap, package
suŋgwaa dur susuŋgwaa v.tr plant, cultivate (crops)
šer dur šırii v.tr ask (object: person being asked)
šıgaa dur šıšıgaa v.tr explain, teach (object: topic or skill)
šoor dur šošoor v.tr pick, gather, harvest
špal dur šıšpal v.tr move on to, explore, venture (into unknown territory)
šup dur štup v.tr push, shove
šwi dur šırì v.tr stab, pierce
šyuu dur šıdyuu v.tr smell, perceive a scent
taa dur traa v.tr grind, crush
tabik dur tatabik v.tr release, set free
tagleŋ dur tatagleŋ v.tr clear (land)
tak dur tatak v.tr remove, get rid of, throw away
tanor dur taatanor v.tr fry, roast
tarıgaa dur tatarıgaa v.tr bury
tastù dur tatastù v.tr loosen, untie
tebruu dur tetebruu v.tr remind, admonish
tegaa dur tetegaa v.tr promise
tegrii dur tetegrii v.tr send
teguu dur teteguu v.tr deceive, lie to
terık dur teterık v.tr gossip, spread rumors
tıgyuu dur tıtıgyuu v.tr use
tıı dur trıı v.tr suspect, worry
tıkii dur tıtıkii v.tr blame, shame, embarrass, humiliate
tıtik dur tıtıtik v.tr trip up, topple, cause to fall
tobıı dur totobıı v.tr peel, strip off
tonduu dur totonduu v.tr irrigate
torı dur tootorı v.tr divide, split
tyunup dur tıtyunup v.tr bring up (a topic)
tyup dur tıtyup v.tr discuss, talk about
t’a dur dadà v.tr dig
t’aa dur sanaa v.tr show, indicate, demonstrate
t’aŋ dur dandaŋ v.tr talk to, speak with
t’ɛɛ dur sınɛɛ v.tr believe, trust
t’ee dur dedee v.tr say, speak (something)
t’ii dur didii v.tr play with
t’oo dur dodoo v.tr cut
uk dur ɔɔk v.tr mix, jumble
unar dur unarɔɔ v.tr wash
up dur ubup v.tr hear, listen
urɛɛ dur durɛɛ v.tr scratch
urıt dur durıt v.tr enchant, put a spell on
vaŋ dur vambaŋ v.tr eat
var dur vavar v.tr do, make (generic proverb)
vɛkšù dur vɛvɛkšù v.tr erect, establish
ve dur vo v.tr tell, say towards
vii dur vivii v.tr worship
vıduk dur vıvıduk v.tr sort, arrange, bring in order
vıgyɛɛ dur vıvıgyɛɛ v.tr approach
vıpik dur vıvıpik v.tr spin, rotate
vısù dur vıvısù v.tr bind, tie, attach
vol dur vul v.tr form, sculpt, mold, knead
waa dur ıhwaa v.tr protect, guard
wee dur wewee v.tr gouge, indent, carve, engrave
yee dur ikee v.tr search, look for
yunaa dur yuyunaa v.tr add
yur dur yuyur v.tr botch, mess up, stain
yuvom dur yuyuvom v.tr delay, slow sth. down, make sb. wait

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