Proto-Macro-Anatolionesian/Lexicon

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PMA PoS gloss etymology
ats n. strength; force
n. earth; land
cku # 100
cmits adj. honest
cnəkh adj. short
cnu # 10
csi n. leg
cwo n. fish (as animal)
cwocwo n. shoal (of fishes) redup. of cwo
ŋor n. urine
ŋwa adj. gentle; mild
harh n. cyclone; tempest
hask v.i. to run; to hurry
hci # 8
hcu adj. thick
hi adj. red
hka n. hill; high ground
hkahka n. highlands redup. of hka
hknask n. east
hma n. sand
hmahma n. dune redup. of hma
hno n. dog
hnohno n. pack (of hunting animals) redup. of hno
hnwə n. woman; wife
hoh v.t. to cover; to wrap
hpor n. fat
hru n. spring (season)
hrup n. wolf
hwa n. skin
hwarh adj. tender; soft
hwo adj. many
ik pp. to (lative)
isk # 1
kaŋ n. ring
kak n. fire
kakak n. firestorm; inferno redup. of kak
kakant n. gale; windstorm redup. of kant
kañ n. metal
kañshra n. iron kañ “metal” + shra “heaven”
kant n. wind
kcɨ n. mouth
ke n. hair
keke n. head of hair redup. of ke
kŋor v.i. to urinate ŋor “urine” + verbaliser
khant n. nose
khəkhər n. clan; tribe redup. of khər
khər n. brother
khimp n. snake
khmo n. liver
khnokhnom n. bunch (of fruit) redup. of khnom
khnom n. fruit
khwa n. river
kɨŋ n. gold
kih n. tree
kikih n. copse; spinney redup. of kih
kɨnteŋk n. fragment; shard kteŋk “to break” + resultative
klwac v.t. to lick lwac “tongue” + verbaliser
kmak n. cliff
kmo adj. heavy
kniŋ n. silver
knwa v.t. to cover
kŋo # 5
kor n. large river; estuary
kos adj. indeed; certain
kpmi n. neck
kra pp. from; away from (ablative)
kret v.i. to fish
ksaksas n. meadow redup. of ksas
ksas n. grass
kta n. north
ktam n. head
kteŋk v.i. to break
ktnɨ n. land
ku adj. white
kwə n. child
kyath n. fort; encampment
kyuh # 9
mak n. loss; defeat
mal v.i. to dance
mic n. path
miŋk n. grandchild
mlañ n. south
mok n. wood
moln n. breast
moñc adj. plain; nondescript
mont conj. so; therefore
mtaŋk conj. but; however
mumusk n. swark (of insects) redup. of musk
musk n. insect; bug
mwat n. cloak
mwə n. cloud
mwek adj. useless; insignificant
mwi n. forest
myə n. eye
myəmyəñ n. flock (of grazing animals) redup. of myəñ
myəñ n. sheep
naŋk adj. long
nah adj. negation
nañ # 7
ñarols n. hunter ñols “to hunt” + agentive
nats n. summer
ne adj. sure; certain
nəm v.t.i. to eat
ni # 2
nisk n. west
nit pp. at (locative)
no pp. of
no pp. of (genitive)
ñok n. peninsula; cape
ñols v.t.i. to hunt
not pp. for (dative)
nra conj. if
nwa n. rope
nwanwa n. tangle redup. of nwa
nyə n. root
o adj. (honorific)
oh n. tail
on pp. (accusative)
paryun n. sailor; traveller by sea pyun “boat” + agentive
pha n. leaf
phah n. tooth
phapha n. branch redup. of pha
phaphah n. jaw redup. of phah
phne n. bone
phnephne n. skeleton redup. of phne
phrar n. guts
phro adj. wide
pka adj. other
pkret n. fishing; fishery
pneh adj. possible
psna n. knee
psyɨ n. star
psyɨpsyɨ n. constellation redup. of psyɨ
pto n. human
ptopto n. group of people redup. of pto
ptosk comp. equal
puhah v.t.i. to bite phah “tooth” + verbaliser
puhk n. storm; rough seas
puk n. clothes
pupuk n. outfit redup. of puk
pyam n. illness; sickness yam “to fall ill” + nominaliser
pyun n. boat
pyupyun n. flotilla; sailing expedition redup. of pyun
rokh # 6
ru pp. using (instrumental)
ryə # 0 (zero)
ryi n. cove; creek
sak n. slope; hill
sam n. shark
san # 3
scor adj. thin
se n. back; ridge
sen # 1000
sŋiŋur n. needle sŋur “to sew” + tool nominaliser
sŋur v.t.i. to sew
shra n. sky; heavens
sih n. display; boast
sim n. island
sisim n. archipelago; island group redup. of sim
sit pp. as (essive)
siwent n. hut; cottage swent “house” + diminutive
skma adj. narrow
skurh adj. some
skyɨ n. meat
snəm v.t. to feed nəm “to eat” + causative
spɨnme n. someone deprived spme “to need” + resultative
spme v.t. to need; to require
sta n. tongue
stna n. stick
stnastna n. bundle (of sticks etc.) redup. of stna
sump adj. all
swent n. house
sweswent n. village redup. of swent
swɨ n. water
syaks v.t. to burn yaks “to burn (int.)” + causative
tahp adj. noble; precious
tak n. mountain; peak
takkak n. volcano tak “mountain” + kak “fire”
tarimp n. traveller timp “journey” + agentive
tatak n. mountain range redup. of tak
te n. hand
tham n. mother
thmu n. autumn
ti n. blood
timp n. journey; travel
tirs v.i. to fall
tknap adj. mutual; shared
tko n. octopus
tmats n. otter
tni adj. now
tnor n. copper
to conj. and; with
to pp. with; and (comitative)
tosk pp. through (perlative)
tpra n. sun
tryəs adj. small
tsmaŋk n. egg
tsmatsmaŋk n. batch (of eggs); cluster redup. of tsmaŋk
tsno n. horn
tsok n. moon
tum n. wife
twi n. bird
twitwi n. flock (of birds) redup. of twi
twuk n. winter
tyɨ n. father
wa pp. about; concerning (topic)
wan n. gulf; sound; strait
want adj. few
wath n. beach; coast
wawath n. shoreline; littoral redup. of wath
we pp. above
wi n. belly
woh adj. big
wot n. man; husband
yaŋk n. goat
yaks v.i. to burn
yam v.i. to fall ill; to be ill
n. bay; inlet
yon # 4
yoks v.i. to bathe
yomp v.i. to call (to)