Tmèktol is a Southern language spoken in the eponymous locale.
|Stop||p pʰ||t tʰ||k kʰ||q qʰ||ʔ|
|Affricate||pf pfʰ||ts tsʰ||tʃ tʃʰ|
- /ts tsʰ/ are written c cʰ.
- /ɬ/ is written ł.
- /tʃ tʃʰ ʃ j/ are written č čʰ š y.
- /χ/ is written ḥ.
There are two tones: High (unmarked) and low (denoted with a grave accent, as à).
Tmèktol counts in a base-12 system. Zero is owto.
Verbs can take one of several endings: -ci, -cʰi, -čyò, -čʰyò, -nè, -o, -ò, or -syo.
Negation is achieved using a prefix qo(w)-; this w appears when the prefix would come into contact with another instance of o:
he isn't breathing
I did not dream
The unmarked, default form of the verb is the second-and-third-person singular:
To denote the first-person singular, one prefixes o-:
Plural agreement is indicated with a prefix š- in addition to the marking of the actor:
you all object, they object
The present tense is the default, unmarked form.
The past tense is formed via reduplication of the first syllable, with complications. In general, the sequence in- is prefixed before the reduplicand unless the verb is vowel-initial, in which case the prefix is simply n-. If the first consonant of the reduplicated segment is an aspirated consonant, the prefixal n instead becomes a copy of that consonant.
The future tense is formed via a prefix in- (or ny- if the form is vowel-initial), without reduplication:
you will object
you will witness
you will take
you will exchange
you will slice
Nouns do not decline for number or case. A preposed particle iḥo is used for plurals of items greater than two:
- iḥo ŋàka
- iḥo mèʔo mìčʰtʰàn
PL small.dagger six
The sole exception to this is when po 'two' is used; it appears before the verb, without iḥḥo:
- po icʰwò