Tathketer

From AkanaWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Tathketer is a language of the Southern language family spoken in and around the eponymous region.

Morphology

Ablaut patterns

There were three conventional grades of ablaut, traditionally labelled I, II, and III. Grade III deserves special mention, as its specific outcome only appears before coronal consonants; in other environments, it is identical to Grade I.

I II III I II III I II III
i ɔ œ i y y y eu u u y ou
e e ø e ø o ø e o o ø e
ɛ ɔ œ ɛ œ ɔ œ ɛ ɔ ɔ œ ɛ
æ ø ø æ iu o ei ei a o ø a

Nouns

Nouns decline in one of three ways according to their endings. Declensions exist for words ending in a consonant, a vowel, or the specific sequence -et. A + indicates that the preceding vowel is fronted, if it is not so already. Bolded I, II, and III indicate ablaut grades whose specific outcomes depend on the originating vowel.

Vowel-final

SG PL
NOM -u¹
GEN +t +ti
DAT -Ixi -IIximi
ACC -IIIθ -IIIli

1. The sequences ɔu, ou, and uu coalesce into plain u. The sequences ɛu, eu, and iu shift to œu, øu, and y.

Consonant-final

SG PL
NOM -a
GEN IIIC# IIIC-a
DAT IIIC# IIIC-a
ACC -a

In the plural, the bolded a denotes that the vowel alternates between a and æ. a is selected if the vowel in the preceding syllable is a back vowel and æ is selected if the vowel in the preceding syllable is a front vowel.

Terminal -et

SG PL
NOM -et -ɛt
GEN +i
DAT +ni¹ -nɛ¹
ACC +si¹ +sɛ¹

1. If the preceding consonant is θ, this becomes r, or if it is r with a previous θ in the word, it becomes n: iθxæθ 'firefly' > iθxæθ+ri 'firefly.acc.pl'; nadaθ 'she-wolf' > nadaθ-rɛ 'she-wolf.dat.pl', nadæθ+rɛ 'she-wolf.acc.pl'